Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  

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"Cherdsukjai, Phaothe"

Adulyanukosol, Kanjana; Cherdsukjai, Phaothep; Boukaew, P. (detail)
Morphology and organ weight of dugongs (Dugong dugon) in Thai waters. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on SEASTAR2000 and Asian Bio–logging Science (The 10th SEASTAR2000 workshop).
Cherdsukjai, Phaothep; Kittiwattanawong, Kongkiat; Adulyanukosol, Kanjana (detail)
Dugong aerial surveys 2011-2012: declining trend of the dugong population in Muk-Talibong Island, Thailand.
Proc. Design Symposium on Conservation of Ecosystem (The 13th SEASTAR2000 Workshop) 2: 50-54. 4 tabs. 1 fig. Mar. 2014.
–ABSTRACT: The Muk-Talibong Islands in Trang Province are a habitat for the largest group of dugongs on Thailand's Andaman coast. Since 1994, the Phuket Marine Biological Center has regularly conducted aerial surveys over the area with various kinds of aircraft. In 2011 and 2012, the small aircraft model Tecnum P92J was used in line transect aerial surveys. Survey efforts were four flights (15.01 hours) and seven flights (17.14 hours) respectively. In 2011, the dugong detection rate was 51±50 animals per day, with a maximum count of 122 animals. In 2012, however, the dugong detection rate was 26±14 animals per day, with a maximum count of 54 animals. As a result of comparing the dugong detection rates for both years, we found that the number of dugongs is decreasing, even though the aerial survey periods in each year were the same month and tidal time. Windspeed is likely to be a physical factor that might lead to these results. Ranges of wind speed were 0-6 knot in 2011 and 5-17 knot in 2012. The wind speed affects waves and turbidity, and this may negatively affect visual detection of dugongs. Therefore, further aerial surveys in different weather conditions and dugong stranding reports may help to better understand the declining trends of dugongs in the area.
Nganvongpanit, Korakot; Buddhachat, Kittisak; Kaewmong, Patcharaporn; Cherdsukjai, Phaothep; Kittiwatanawong, Kongkiat (detail)
What the skull and scapular morphology of the dugong (Dugong dugon) can tell us: sex, habitat and body length?
Scientific Reports (Nature) 7(1964): 17 pp. 8 tabs. 11 figs. + online supplemental materal. May 16, 2017.
–ABSTRACT: The dugong (Dugong dugon, Müller) is an endangered marine mammal species. We examined the relationship between sex, habitat and body length based on the skull and scapular morphology and morphometrics of 81 dugong samples in Thailand. A total of 58 parameters from the skull and scapula (25 from the cranium, 23 from the mandible and 10 from the scapula) as well as tusks were used in this study. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis, followed by discriminant analysis and multivariate linear regression. Here we show, 100% and 98.5% accuracy rates for sexing using large tusks and the skull, respectively. Scapular morphology using the caudal border tubercle and coracoid process showed 91.30% and 96.15% accuracy rates for identifying males and females. Skull morphometrics could categorize dugong habitat, i.e. living in the Andaman Sea or Gulf of Thailand, with 100% accuracy. Moreover, our model could be used to estimate body length with coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.985. The results of our study showed that skull morphology and morphometric measurements could be used as a tool for sex identification, location identification and estimation of body length. But scapular morphology is the best tool for sex identification in dugongs.
Cherdsukjai, Phaothep; Buddhachat, Kittisak; Brown, Janine; Kaewkool, Manthanee; Poommouang, Anocha; Kaewmong, Patcharaporn; Kittiwattanawong, Kongkiat; Nganvongpanit, Korakot (detail)
Age relationships with telomere length, body weight and body length in wild dugong (Dugong dugon).
PeerJ 8: e10319. 4 tabs. 5 figs. + online supplemental information. doi:10.7717/peerj.10319 Nov. 11, 2020.
–ABSTRACT: The ability to estimate age and determine the growth status of free-ranging dugongs (Dugong dugon) is vital to providing insight into the basic biology of this endangered species. Currently, age estimation in dugong carcasses relies on counting dentin growth layer groups (GLGs) in tusks, but a disadvantage is they need to be intact. We explored whether measures of telomere length could be used as an alternative approach to age estimation in dugongs given that in other species, telomere length and age are inversely related. In this study, relative telomere length (rTL) was measured by qPCR in skin samples from 24 dugongs of varying ages determined by counts of GLGs. In addition, relationships between age by GLG counts and body weight and length and were examined. Our findings indicate that age estimated by GLGs was negatively correlated with telomere length using the logistic formula with a rate of telomere attrition of approximately 0.036 rTL/year between the ages of 5–20 years. By comparison, both body weight and length were positively correlated with GLG-based age, with growth rates of ~8.8 kg/year for weight and ~3.58 cm/year for length, respectively. After that, growth rates slowed substantially and then plateaued. The results suggest that physical maturity in dugongs occurs at 20 years of age and that measures of rTL might serve as a tool for age estimation in dugongs, living and deceased.
Nganvongpanit, Korakot; Cherdsukjai, Phaothep; Boonsri, B.; Buddhachat, Kittisak; Patchaaraporn, K.; Kittiwatanawong, Kongkiat (detail)
Pelvic bone morphometric analysis in the dugong (Dugong dugon).
Science Reports 10: 19350.

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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