Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  

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"Novacek, Michael J."

Novacek, Michael J.: SEE ALSO Wyss et al., 1987. (detail)
Novacek, Michael J. (detail)
Information for molecular studies from anatomical and fossil evidence on higher eutherian phylogeny. In: M. Goodman (ed.), Macromolecular sequences in systematic and evolutionary biology.
New York & London, Plenum Publ. Co.: 3-41. 2 tabs. 2 figs.
–Considers sirs. to be most closely related to proboscideans and (possibly) less close to hyracoids (13, 25-28, 35).
Novacek, Michael J. (detail)
The skull of leptictid insectivorans and the higher-level classification of eutherian mammals.
Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 183(1): 1-111. 4 tabs. 35 figs. Apr. 29, 1986.
Novacek, Michael J.; Wyss, André R. (detail)
Higher-level relationships of the Recent eutherian orders: morphological evidence.
Cladistics 2(3): 257-287. 1 tab. 12 figs. Summer 1986.
Novacek, Michael J.; Wyss, André R. (detail)
Origin and transformation of the mammalian stapes.
Univ. Wyoming Contr. Geol., Special Paper 3: 35-53. 10 figs. Oct. 1986.
Novacek, Michael J.; Wyss, André R. (detail)
Selected features of the desmostylian skeleton and their phylogenetic implications.
Amer. Mus. Novit. No. 2870: 1-8. 3 figs. Apr. 6, 1987.
Wyss, André R.; Novacek, Michael J.; McKenna, Malcolm Carnegie (detail)
Amino acid sequence versus morphological data and the interordinal relationships of mammals.
Molec. Biol. Evol. 4(2): 99-116. 3 figs.
–Morphology and alpha crystallin A sequences both support the close alliance of Hyracoidea, Sirenia, and Proboscidea, but within this grouping they suggest the associations of Sirenia + Proboscidea and Sirenia + Hyracoidea, respectively (104-107, 113).
Novacek, Michael J.; Wyss, André R.; McKenna, Malcolm Carnegie (detail)
The major groups of eutherian mammals. In: M. J. Benton (ed.), The phylogeny and classification of the tetrapods, Volume 2: Mammals.
Systematics Assoc. Special Vol. No. 35B: 31-71. 4 tabs. 5 figs.
Novacek, Michael J. (detail)
Higher mammal phylogeny: the morphological-molecular synthesis. In: B. Fernholm, K. Brenner, & H. Jörnvall (eds.), The hierarchy of life.
Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (Biomedical Division): 421-435. 4 figs.
Novacek, Michael J. (detail)
Morphology, paleontology, and the higher clades of mammals. In: H. H. Genoways (ed.), Current mammalogy. Vol. 2.
New York, Plenum Publ. Corp.: 507-543. 2 tabs. 2 figs.
Novacek, Michael J. (detail)
Fossils, topologies, missing data, and the higher level phylogeny of eutherian mammals.
Syst. Biol. 41(1): 58-73. 2 tabs. 12 figs. Mar. 1992.
–Concludes that the Tethytheria (Sirenia, Proboscidea, and Desmostylia) are cladistically a well-supported and stable grouping, and that the Paenungulata (Tethytheria + Hyracoidea) are supported when fossil data are included but are considerably less stable than the Tethytheria.
Asher, Robert J.; Novacek, Michael J.; Geisler, Jonathan H. (detail)
Relationships of endemic African mammals and their fossil relatives based on morphological and molecular evidence.
Jour. Mamm. Evol. 10(1/2): 131-194. June 2003.
–ABSTRACT: Analyses of anatomical and DNA sequence data run on a parallel supercomputer that include fossil taxa support the inclusion of tenrecs and golden moles in the Afrotheria, an endemic African clade of placental mammals. According to weighting schemes of morphological and molecular data that maximize congruence, extinct members of the afrotherian crown group include embrithopods, Plesiorycteropus, desmostylians, and the "condylarths" Hyopsodus, Meniscotherium, and possibly Phenacodus. By influencing the optimization of anatomical characters, molecular data have a large influence on the relationships of several extinct taxa. The inclusion of fossils and morphological data increases support for an elephant-sea cow clade within Paenungulata and identifies ancient, northern elements of a clade whose living members in contrast suggest an historically Gondwanan distribution. In addition, maximally congruent topologies support the position of Afrotheria as well-nested, not basal, within Placentalia. This pattern does not accord with the recent hypothesis that the divergence of placental mammals co-occurred with the tectonic separation of Africa and South America.

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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