Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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D

 
 
D'Affonsêca Neto, José Anselmo; Vergara-Parente, Jociery Einhardt (detail)
   
2006
Sirenia (peixe-boi-da-Amazônia, Peixe-boi-marinho). In: Z. S. Cubas, J. C. R. Silva, & J. L. Catão-Dias (eds.), Tratado de animais selvagens: medicina veterinária.
São Paulo, Editora Roca Ltda.: 701-714.
D'Alton, Eduard: SEE Pander & D'Alton, 1826. (detail)
 
 
D'Anastasio, Ruggero (detail)
   
2004
Idiopathic hyperostosis: epidemiology and phylogeny.
Jour. Paleopathology 16(3): 133-145. 3 tabs. 7 figs.
 
 
D'Orbigny, Charles Dessalines (detail)
   
1840
Keepsake d'histoire naturelle. Description des mammifères.
Paris, Bazouge-Pigoreau: i-xlviii.
–Consists of the "Introduction", apparently the only part of the projected work ever published. I cannot explain the citation in Palmer (1904: 398), referring to a mention of "Monatus" on pp. 256-257 and pl. 41, fig. 2.
 
 
D'Souza, Elrika; Patankar, Vardhan (detail)
   
2009
First underwater sighting and preliminary behavioural observations of Dugongs (Dugong dugon) in the wild from Indian waters, Andaman Islands.
Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(1): 49-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2002.49-53
 
 
D'Souza, Elrika; Patankar, Vardhan (detail)
   
2011
Ecological studies on the Dugong dugon of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands: a step towards species conservation.
Mysore, Nature Conservation Foundation: 1-19.
 
 
D'Souza, Elrika; Patankar, Vardhan; Arthur, R.; Alcoverro, T.; Kelkar, Nachiket (detail)
   
2013
Long-term occupancy trends in a data-poor dugong population in the Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago.
PLoS ONE 8(10): e76181. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076181
x
 
Dahl, Knut (detail)
   
1926
In savage Australia: an account of a hunting and collecting expedition to Arnhem Land and Dampier Land.
London, Philip Allan: xii + 326. Illus.
–Later ed.: Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1927. States that dugongs "were by no means infrequent" in Roebuck Bay (266).
 
 
Dailey, Murray D.; Brownell, Robert L., Jr. (detail)
   
1972
A checklist of marine mammal parasites. In: S. H. Ridgway (ed.), Mammals of the sea: biology and medicine.
Springfield (Illinois), Charles C Thomas (812 pp.): 528-589.
–Sir. parasites, 561-562.
x
 
Dailey, Murray D.; Vogelbein, Wolfgang; Forrester, Donald J. (detail)
   
1988
Moniligerum blairi n. g., n. sp. and Nudacotyle undicola n. sp. (Trematoda: Digenea) from the West Indian manatee, Trichechus manatus L.
Syst. Parasitol. 11(2): 159-163. 5 figs.
–The new taxa are described from a single manatee killed by a boat in Hobe Sound, Martin County, Florida.
 
 
Dal Piaz, Giambattista (detail)
   
1937
I mammiferi dell'oligocene veneto. No. 5. Halitherium sp.
Mem. Ist. Geol. Univ. Padova 11(5): 1-5.
 
 
Dal Piaz, Giorgio (detail)
   
1922
L'Istituto Geologico dell'Università di Padova nel 1922. Notizie sommarie.
Mem. Ist. Geol. Univ. Padova 6(2): 1-15. 8 figs.
–Skull of Halitherium, 12-13.
 
 
Daley, B.; Griggs, P.; Marsh, Helene D. (detail)
   
2008
Exploiting marine wildlife in Queensland: the commercial dugong and marine turtle fisheries, 1847-1969.
Australian Economic History Review 48(3): 227-265.
 
 
Dall, William Healey (detail)
   
1891
Notes on an original manuscript chart of Bering's expedition of 1725-1730, and on an original manuscript chart of his second expedition; together with a summary of a journal of the first expedition, kept by Peter Chaplin, and now first rendered into English from Bergh's Russian version.
Rept. U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey 1890: 759-774. Pls. 69-70.
–For discussion of the chart of the second expedition and its picture of Steller's sea cow, see L. Stejneger (1936: 516ff.).
 
 
Dalley, Cameo (detail)
   
2012
"Dugong Hunting as Changing Practice: Economic engagement and an Aboriginal ranger program on Mornington Island, southern Gulf of Carpentaria. Chap 15. in: Natasha Fijn, Ian Keen, Christopher Lloyd, Michael Pickering (eds.), Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies II" "Ed. 1"
The Australian National University: 4 figures.
Dalquest, Walter W.: SEE Hall & Dalquest, 1963. (detail)
Damarco, Piero: SEE Bagnato et al., 2000. (detail)
 
 
Dammermann, Karel Willem (detail)
   
1929
Resultats zoologiques de l'expedition scientifique neerlandaise à l'île de Buru en 1921 et 1922. In: Boeroe-Expeditie ....
Buitenzorg, Archipel Drukkerij.
–Dugong, 19-20.
Dampier, Cindy: SEE Chu & Dampier, 1990. (detail)
Dampier, William: SEE ALSO Stanbury, P. J., 1978. (detail)
 
 
Dampier, William (detail)
   
1703-05
A new voyage round the world. Describing particularly, the Isthmus of America, several coasts and islands in the West Indies, the Isles of Cape Verde, the passage by Terra del Fuego, the South Sea coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico; the isle of Guam one of the Ladrones, Mindanao, and other Philippine and East India islands near Cambodia, China, Formosa, Luconia, Celebes, &c. New Holland, Sumatra, Nicobar Isles; the Cape of Good Hope, and Santa Hellena. Their soil, rivers, harbours, plants, fruits, animals, and inhabitants. Their customs, religion, government, trade, &c. Vol. I. [Ed. 5, corrected, 1703.]
  Voyages and descriptions Vol. II. In three parts, viz. 1. A supplement of the Voyage round the World, describing the countries of Tonquin, Achin, Malacca, &c. their products, inhabitants, manners, trade, policy, &c. 2. Two voyages to Campeachy; with a description of the coasts, products, inhabitants, logwood-cutting, trade, &c. of Jucatan, Campeachy, New Spaine, &c. 3. A discourse of trade-winds, breezes, storms, seasons of the year, tides and currents of the torrid zone throughout the world: with an account of Natal in Africk, its products, Negro's, &c.... To which is added, a general index to both volumes. [Ed. 3, 1705.]
  A voyage to New Holland, &c. in the year, 1699. Wherein are described the Canary Islands, the Isles of Mayo and St. Jago. The Bay of All Saints, with the forts and town of Bahia in Brazil. Cape Salvadore. The winds on the Brazilian coast. Abrolho-Shoals. A table of all the variations observ'd in this voyage. Occurrences near the Cape of Good Hope. The course to New Holland. Shark's Bay. The isles and coast, &c. of New Holland. Their inhabitants, manners, customs, trade, &c. Their harbours, soil, beasts, birds, fish, &c. Trees, plants, fruits, &c. Illustrated with several maps and draughts; also divers birds, fishes, and plants, not found in this part of the world, curiously ingraven on copper-plates. Vol. III. [Ed. 1, 1703.]
London, James Knapton (3 vols.): Vol. 1: vi + 550. Several figs. 5 maps. Vol. 2: [4] + 184 + 132 + 112 + [36]. 4 maps. Vol. 3: [12] + 162 + [5]. 14 pls.
–Allen 151. Various later eds. Manatee material repr. in Durand (1983: 136-139; Spanish transl.) and in J. A. Murray (ed.), The islands and the sea ..., Oxford Univ. Press: 105-109, 1991. Allen explains his citation (repeated here) as follows: "In the set I have here collated, vols. ii and iii are bound together. Vol. i belongs to the 'fifth edition,' vol. ii to the 'third,', and vol. iii to the first.... I have references to a 1702 ed. which correspond exactly with the 1703 ed. here collated.
  "As is well known, Dampier was an acute natural-history observer as well as a bold navigator and adventurer, and his observations on the Beasts, Birds, and Fishes he met with during his long voyages are among the best and most trustworthy of his time. His work is of importance in the present connection for his very full account of the Manatee, which he met with at numerous and widely distant points....
  "Manatee, or Sea-cow, vol. i, pp. 33-37 - description of the animal, its habits, distribution, products, and the manner of its capture by the natives of Blewfield (or Bluefield) River [Nicaragua]; p. 41, in Darien River [Panama]; p. 321, its occurrence at Mindenao, in the East Indies; p. 381, do.; pp. 463, 469, its occurrence in New Holland [= Australia]; p. 547, the Manatee of Santa Hellena a Sea-Lyon [i. e., a Seal]. Vol. 2, pt. ii, pp. 73, 109, 128, in Campeachy, and near Vera Cruz [Mexico]....
  "Dampier's references to the 'Manatee, or Sea-cow,' as occurring in the East Indies and New Holland, relate, of course, to the Dugong. His statement that the Manatees of the West Indies are smaller than those of the American Isthmus and Guiana was seized upon by Buffon as indicating a diversity of species."
x
 
Dana, James Dwight (detail)
   
1864
On the classification of animals based on the principle of cephalization. III. Classification of herbivores.
Amer. Jour. Sci. (2)37(110): 157-183. March 1864.
–Discusses various characteristics of the Sirenia and concludes they are separate from cetaceans (160-161, 163, 168-169, 175, 183).
 
 
Dana, James Dwight (detail)
   
1874
Manual of geology, treating of the principles of the science with special reference to American geological history.
New York, Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.: xvi + 828. Illus.
–Ed. 1, 1863; several later eds. Discussion of Deinotherium.
x
 
Dandouau, André (detail)
   
1922
Ody et fanafody (charmes et remèdes). Pharmacopée Sakalave et Tsimihety.
Rev. d'Ethnogr. et des Trads. Pops. (Paris, Larose) 3(10): 111-128.
–Describes (119) Madagascar natives' use of the fat of a "cochon de mer" as a cure for deafness, and opines that the animal is a Physeter or sperm whale. Petit (1923: 83) thinks it more probably a dugong.
x
 
Dandouau, André (detail)
   
1924
Une tournée dans l'Île de Nossi-Bé (1917).
Bull. Économique de Madagascar 1924(1/2): 139-155. 2 maps.
–Account of dugong ("lamantin") hunting practices and rituals (151-153).
 
 
Daniel, João (detail)
   
1820
Quinta parte do thesouro descoberto no Rio Maximo Amazonas....
Rio de Janeiro, Impr. Regia: 1-152.
–Urges restriction of manatee exploitation to avoid the animal's extinction (150-151).
 
 
Daniel-Rentería, I. del Carmen; Serrano, Arturo; Sánchez-Rojas, G. (detail)
   
2012
Distribution of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in the Alvarado Lagoon System (Veracruz, Mexico).
Ciencias Marinas 38(2): 459-465. 2 figs. June 2012.
–Also ?published as "El Manatí (Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus, 1758) (Sirenia) una especie sombrilla, para el Sistema Lagunar de Alvarado, Veracruz", Cuadernos de Biodiversidad No. 33: 16-23, 3 figs., 2010.
 ABSTRACT: The Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) is considered endangered in Mexico. Local extinctions have been documented in the northern Gulf of Mexico, and the only remaining population with a northern distribution is found in the Alvarado Lagoon System (ALS). The objective of this study was to determine manatee distribution in ALS. The system covers an area of 267,010 ha and includes hundreds of lagoons, floodable areas, and dozens of rivers. To detect manatees, systematic line transects were done in a boat 7.6 m in length, totaling 332.6 h of search effort with an average of 7.38 h d–1 in 45 surveys. There was a total of 13 manatee sightings: seven direct sightings, five with hydrophones, and one with a side-scan sonar. For each record the geographical coordinates were taken and integrated in a geographical information system to analyze their distribution. Manatee distribution was not uniform throughout the study area. Manatees were sighted in very specific areas of ALS considered part of their habitat, mainly in areas with inland water bodies, in some estuarine and marshy areas, and in some wetlands with vegetation generally in appropriate condition. This lagoon system is very important for manatee conservation since it is the last site with viable populations in Veracruz and the northern Gulf of Mexico.
  RESUMO: El manatí antillano (Trichechus manatus manatus) es considerado una especie en peligro de extinción en México. En la zona norte del golfo de México se han documentado extinciones locales, y se sabe que la población remanente con distribución más norteña se encuentra en el Sistema Lagunar de Alvarado (SLA). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la distribución del manatí en el SLA. El sistema presenta una extensión de 267,010 ha que incluyen cientos de lagunas, áreas inundables y docenas de ríos. La localización de los manatíes se realizó mediante muestreos en transectos lineales sistemáticos en una lancha de 7.6 m de eslora. El esfuerzo de muestreo fue de 332.36 h, con un promedio de 7.38 h d–1 en 45 recorridos. En total se obtuvieron 13 avistamientos de manatíes: siete observados de manera directa, cinco detectados mediante el uso del hidrófono y uno mediante el uso de una ecosonda. En cada registro se tomaron las coordenadas geográficas y se integraron a un sistema de información geográfica para analizar su distribución. La distribución del manatí no se dio de manera uniforme en el área de estudio. Los manatíes se observaron en áreas muy específicas dentro del SLA, consideradas como parte de su hábitat, principalmente en zonas que cuentan con cuerpos de agua interiores, algunas otras áreas estuarinas y palustres, y algunos humedales generalmente con una vegetación en condiciones apropiadas. El SLA es de suma importancia para la conservación de los manatíes, ya que es el último sitio con poblaciones viables en Veracruz y en el norte del golfo de México.
Dapper, Olfert: SEE Montanus, A., 1673. (detail)
x
 
Darga, Robert; Böhme, Madelaine; Göhlich, Ursula B.; Rössner, Gertrud E. (detail)
   
1999
Reste höherer Wirbeltiere aus dem Alttertiär des Alpenvorlandes bei Siegsdorf/Oberbayern.
Mitt. Bayer. Staatssamml. Pal. Hist. Geol. 39: 91-114. 2 tabs. 4 figs. 2 pls. Dec. 15, 1999.
–Reports the proximal end of a sir. rib from the Upper Oligocene Molasse deposits (Thalberg-Schichten) in Upper Bavaria, Germany (104-105).
 
 
Darling, Kathy (detail)
   
1991
Manatee: on location.
New York, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books: 1-48. Illus.
–Children's book.
Darlu, P.: SEE Barriel et al., 1993. (detail)
 
 
Dart, Raymond A. (detail)
   
1923
The brain of the Zeuglodontidae (Cetacea).
Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923(3): 615-648, 652-654. 21 figs. Sept. 3, 1923.
–Sirs., 637.
x
 
Dartevelle, E. (detail)
   
1935
Les premiers restes de mammifères du Tertiaire du Congo: la faune Miocène de Malembe. (Première note sur les mammifères fossiles du Congo.)
C.R. 2e Congr. Natl. Sci. Belgique (Bruxelles): 715-720.
–Report of sir. rib fragments ("Halitherium sp.?") (717-718).
 
 
Darwin, Charles Robert (detail)
   
1854
A monograph on the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the species.
London, Ray Society (2 vols., 1851-54). 42 pls.
–Discusses Platylepas bissexlobata from Australia, Gambia, and Honduras (428, pl. 17).
Das, D. P.: SEE Basu et al., 1991. (detail)
x
 
Das, D. P.; Basu, P. K. (detail)
   
1994
Study of Palaeogene marine mammals of Kachchh, Gujarat.
Records Geol. Surv. India 127(2): 5.
–An abstract reporting on fossil cetaceans and sirs. from Kutch. Coins the nomina nuda "Eotheroides waghapadarensis sp. nov." (Middle Eoc.) and "Kotadasiren gracillis [sic] gen. et sp. nov." (Oligo-Mioc.).
 
 
Das, Debi P.; Basu, P. K. (detail)
   
1993
Study of fossil marine Palaeogene mammals of Gujarat.
Records Geol. Surv. India 126(2): 8.
 
 
Das, H. S. (detail)
   
1996
Status of seagrass habitats of the Andaman and Nicobar coast.
Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) (Coimbatore, India) Technical Report No. 4: iii +32. 10 tabs. 6 figs.
–DD, 16, 18-20, 32.
x
 
Das, H. S.; Dey, S. C. (detail)
   
1999
Observations on the dugong, Dugong dugon (Muller), in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
Jour. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 96(2): 195-198. 2 tabs. 2 figs. Aug. 1999.
–Interview and boat surveys, 1994-97, suggested that an estimated 40 dugongs may survive around the islands. Harpooning is no longer regularly practiced; mortality (in fishing nets) is now often unintentional. Population decline is attributed to habitat loss; conservation measures are suggested. External measurements of a lactating female are given.
Daubenton, Louis Jean Marie: SEE ALSO Buffon & Daubenton, 1765. (detail)
 
 
Daubenton, Louis Jean Marie (detail)
   
18??
Oeuvres complètes de Buffon, avec les descriptions anatomiques de Daubenton.... Mammifères.
Paris, Verdière & Ladrange (40 vols., 1824-31, + 8-vol. atlas).
Daudin, F. M.: SEE Lacépède & Daudin, 1802. (detail)
 
 
David, B.; Mura Badulgal Committee (detail)
   
2006
What happened in Torres Strait 400 years ago? Ritual transformation in an island seascape.
Jour. Island & Coastal Archaeology 1: 123-143.
 
 
Davidenkov, S. (detail)
   
1947
Types of nervous system in man, their heredity and evolution.
Jour. Mental Sci. 93: 262-272.
–Sirs., 267.
 
 
Davidson, W. V. (detail)
   
1974
Historical geography of the Bay Islands, Honduras: Anglo-hispanic conflict in the western Caribbean.
Birmingham (Ala.), Southern Univ. Press: 1-199.
–Reports that manatees are absent from the Bay Islands today.
Davies, A. G.: SEE Grubb et al., 1998. (detail)
x
 
Davies, J. H. (detail)
   
1830
Mermaids.
Mag. Nat. Hist. & Jour. of Zool. Bot., Min. Geol., & Meteorology (London) 3: 188.
–Repr.: Mirror of Literature, Amusement, & Instruction (London) 15: 215, 1830; Arcana of Science & Art (London) 4: 167, 1831; Dublin Penny Journal 3: 332, 1834-5.
  Includes a brief account of a dugong "brought to Portsmouth, which had been shot in the vicinity of the island of Mombass" [= Mombasa, East Africa?].
 
 
Davies, Nicola (detail)
   
2016
Manatee rescue.
Somerville (Massachusetts), Candlewick Press: 1-112. Illus. Jan. 5, 2016.
–Previously published in England (Walker Books, Aug. 1, 2013) as Manatee Baby. Children's book on manatee hunting and protection, set in an Amazonian village.
 
 
Davies, Wayne I. L.; Collin, Shaun P.; Hunt, David M. (detail)
   
2012
Molecular ecology and adaptation of visual photopigments in craniates.
Molecular Ecology 21(13): 3121-3158. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05617.x. July 2012.
–ABSTRACT: In craniates, opsin-based photopigments expressed in the eye encode molecular 'light sensors' that constitute the initial protein in photoreception and the activation of the phototransduction cascade. Since the cloning and sequencing of the first vertebrate opsin gene (bovine rod opsin) nearly 30 years ago (Ovchinnikov Yu 1982, FEBS Letters, 148, 179–191; Hargrave et al. 1983, Biophysics of Structure & Mechanism, 9, 235–244; Nathans & Hogness 1983, Cell, 34, 807–814), it is now well established that variation in the subtypes and spectral properties of the visual pigments that mediate colour and dim-light vision is a prevalent mechanism for the molecular adaptation to diverse light environments. In this review, we discuss the origins and spectral tuning of photopigments that first arose in the agnathans to sample light within the ancient aquatic landscape of the Early Cambrian, detailing the molecular changes that subsequently occurred in each of the opsin classes independently within the main branches of extant jawed gnathostomes. Specifically, we discuss the adaptive changes that have occurred in the photoreceptors of craniates as they met the ecological challenges to survive in quite differing photic niches, including brightly lit aquatic surroundings; the deep sea; the transition to and from land; diurnal, crepuscular and nocturnal environments; and light-restricted fossorial settings. The review ends with a discussion of the limitations inherent to the 'nocturnal-bottleneck' hypothesis relevant to the evolution of the mammalian visual system and a proposition that transition through a 'mesopic-bottleneck' may be a more appropriate model.
 
 
Davis, M. C.; Walsh, M. T. (detail)
   
2018
Sirenian Medicine. In: F. M. D. Gulland, L. A. Dierauf, & K. L. Whitman (eds.), CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine (3rd ed.).
Boca Raton, CRC Press, 949-967.
Davis, Randall W.: SEE St. Aubin & Lounsbury, 1990; Williams et al., 2000. (detail)
n
 
Davis, Stephen (detail)
   
1985
Aboriginal knowledge and use of the coast and sea in northern Arnhem Land. In: K. N. Bardsley, J. D. S. Davie, & C. D. Woodroffe (eds.), Coasts and tidal wetlands of the Australian monsoon region: a collection of papers presented at a conference held in Darwin, 4-11 Nov. 1984.
Darwin, Austral. Natl. Univ. North Austral. Res. Unit (Mangrove Monogr. No. 1) (1-375): 297-312. 4 figs.
–Sir. material (307) identical to that in Davis (1988).
 
 
Davis, Stephen (detail)
   
1988
Aboriginal tenure of the sea in northern Arnhem Land. In: F. Gray & L. Zann (eds.), Traditional knowledge of the marine environment in northern Australia. Proceedings of a workshop held in Townsville, Australia, 29 and 30 July 1985.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Workshop Ser. No. 8: 68-98. 3 figs.
–Hunting of sleeping dugongs, 79 (material identical to that in Davis, 1985).
x
 
Dawson, George M. (detail)
   
1894
The extinct northern sea-cow, and early Russian explorations in the North Pacific.
Ottawa Naturalist 7: 151-161.
–History of the discovery and destruction of Steller's sea cow (154-160).
x
 
Daxner-Höck, Gudrun (detail)
   
1971
Vertebrata (excl. Pisces) der Eggenburger Schichtengruppe. In: F. Steininger & J. Seneš (eds.), Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen: Miozän der zentralen Paratethys. Bd. II, M₁ Eggenburgien: Die Eggenburger Schichtengruppe und ihr Stratotypus.
Bratislava, Vydavatel'stvo Slovenskej Akadémie Vied: 761-777. 4 pls.
–Describes material of Metaxytherium krahuletzi from the vicinity of Eggenburg, Austria (761, 764-765, pls. 3-4).
x
 
Dayton, Paul K. (detail)
   
1975
Experimental studies of algal canopy interactions in a sea otter-dominated kelp community at Amchitka Island, Alaska.
Fish. Bull. 73(2): 230-237. 2 tabs. 2 figs. Apr. 1975.
–Rev.: R. M. May, Nature (London) 260(5549): 284, Mar. 25, 1976. Notes that Hydrodamalis gigas was formerly a major kelp consumer, and suggests that sea otters helped maintain sea cow populations by suppressing invertebrate herbivores (236-237).
 
 
De Beer, Gavin R. (detail)
   
1937
The development of the vertebrate skull.
Oxford, Clarendon Press: xxiv + 552. 143 pls.
–Sirs., 346-348.
 
 
De Felice, Cynthia C. (detail)
   
2005
The missing manatee.
Farrar, Straus & Giroux (A Sunburst Book): 1-181.
–A mystery novel for children.
x
 
de Foy, Karen (detail)
   
2011
The short, sad story of Steller's sea cow.
Cricket (Chicago) 38(9): 14-18. 3 figs. July/Aug. 2011.
–Pop. acc. of the sea cow's discovery and extermination, and of Florida manatee conservation.
De Giuli, Claudio: SEE Azzaroli et al., 1982. (detail)
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert: SEE ALSO Persoon & De Iongh, 1996. (detail)
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert (detail)
   
1996
Current status of dugongs in Aru, East Indonesia.
Nederl. Comm. Internatl. Natuurbescherming, Meded. No. 30: 75-86. 2 tabs. 1 fig.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert (detail)
   
1999
Optimizing the design of marine reserves to protect dugongs in a small island ecosystem.
Tigerpaper (Bangkok) 26(2): 6-13. Apr.-June 1999.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Bal, D. (detail)
   
2007
As we see it: harmonization of Red Lists in Europe: some lessons learned in the Netherlands when applying the new IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria version 3.1.
Endangered Species Research 3: 53-60.
x
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Bierhuizen, Barbara; Van Orden, Belinda (detail)
   
1997
Observations on the behaviour of the dugong (Dugong dugon Müller, 1776) from waters of the Lease Islands, eastern Indonesia.
Contributions to Zoology (Amsterdam) 67(1): 71-77. 2 tabs. 2 figs.
–French summ. Describes feeding behavior (including ?cultivation grazing of Halophila ovalis, foraging in rough water, making multiple feeding tracks per dive, and possibly eating lingulid brachiopods and Sipunculus sp.); diving times and behavior, including longer dives in deeper water (up to 10 m); and responses to boats and divers.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2014
The biological invasion of Sirenia into Australasia. Chap. 7 in: H. H. T. Prins and I. J. Gordon (eds.), Invasion biology and ecological theory: insights from a continent in transformation.
New York, Cambridge University Press (xiv + 528): 118-137. 3 figs.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Kiswara, W.; Bauer, H. (detail)
   
1996
Dietary preference of a captive-held dugong (Dugong dugon Müller 1776) in Surabaya Zoo, Indonesia. In: Plant-herbivore interactions between seagrasses and dugongs in a tropical small island ecosystem.
19-34.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Kiswara, W.; Kustiawan, W.; Loth, P. E. (detail)
   
 
A review of research on the interactions between dugongs (Dugong dugon Müller 1776) and intertidal seagrass beds in Indonesia.
Hydrobiologia 591(1): 73-83.
 
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Langeveld, Paul; Van der Wal, Mark (detail)
   
1998
Movement and home ranges of dugongs around the Lease Islands, East Indonesia.
Mar. Ecol. 19(3): 179-193. Third quarter, 1998.
x
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Wenno, Bob J., Meelis, E. (detail)
   
1995
Seagrass distribution and seasonal biomass changes in relation to dugong grazing in the Moluccas, East Indonesia.
Aquatic Botany 50(1): 1-19. 2 tabs. 14 figs.
–Studies of a seagrass bed at Ambon dominated by Halodule uninervis, and of biomass removal and recovery in natural and artificial dugong feeding tracks, indicated that the dugongs seemed to be maximizing their intake of rhizomes with high levels of total organic carbon, and therefore maximizing their net rate of energy intake.
x
 
De Iongh, Hendrik Huibert; Wenno, Bob J.; Bierhuizen, Barbara; Van Orden, Belinda (detail)
   
1995
Aerial survey of the dugong (Dugong dugon Müller, 1776) in coastal waters of the Lease Islands, East Indonesia.
Austral. Jour. Mar. Freshwater Res. 46(4): 759-761. 2 figs.
–Surveys in 1990 and 1992, totaling 3.5 hours of observation, sighted 5-11 dugongs per survey hour and resulted in a minimum population estimate of 22-37 animals, presumably part of a larger regional population.
 
 
De Jong, C. (detail)
   
1961
De zeekoevangst in Guyana in vroeger eeuwen. [Manatee hunts in Guiana in past centuries.]
De Surinamse Landbouw 9(3): 93-100. 1 fig.
–Engl. summ.
 
 
De Jong, C. (detail)
   
1962
Amsterdamse rederij op de zeekoevangst in Guyana.
Ons Amsterdam 14: 150-154. 2 figs.
–Text identical to De Jong (1961).
 
 
De Jong, C. (detail)
   
1971
Aantekingen over Jan Reeps in Suriname, 1693.
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids 48(2-3): 201-205.
–Discusses the export of manatee meat from the Guianas to the West Indies.
De Jong, Wilfried W.: SEE ALSO Czelusniak et al., 1990; Springer et al., 1997; Stanhope et al., 1998. (detail)
 
 
De Jong, Wilfried W. (detail)
   
1980
Use of eye lens a-crystallin sequences in mammalian phylogeny. [Abstr.]
Second Internatl. Congr. Syst. & Evol. Biol. (Vancouver, Univ. Brit. Columbia): 119.
x
 
De Jong, Wilfried W. (detail)
   
1998
Molecules remodel the mammalian tree.
Trends in Ecol. & Evol. 13(7): 270-275. 3 figs. July 1998.
–Reviews the present state of molecular phylogeny, noting that the grouping of Sirenia, Proboscidea, and Hyracoidea in a paenungulate clade is supported by all available DNA sequence data, but also noting that "[c]oncerns about the robustness of molecular findings remain justified."
x
 
De Jong, Wilfried W.; Goodman, Morris (detail)
   
1982
Mammalian phylogeny studied by sequence analysis of the eye lens protein a-crystallin.
Zs. Säugetierk. 47(5): 257-276. 2 tabs. 5 figs. Oct. 1982.
–Sequences of a-crystallin A indicate that paenungulates (Proboscidea, Hyracoidea, and Sirenia) are monophyletic and include the Tubulidentata, and are, together with the edentates, the oldest eutherian offshoots. The sir. data are based on 6 eye lenses of T. inunguis.
x
 
De Jong, Wilfried W.; Zweers, A. (detail)
   
1980
Confirmação da relação entre peixes-bois, "hyraxes" e elefantes, por meio do estudo da proteína das lentes dos olhos.
Acta Amazonica 10(4): 897-902. 1 tab. 2 figs. Dec. 1980.
–Engl. summ. Amino acid sequence analysis of ?A eye-lens crystallin confirms the monophyletic origin of the Sirenia, Hyracoidea, and Proboscidea and suggests that the former two are closest to each other; the Paenungulata are the oldest placental offshoot after the Edentata.
 
 
De Jong, Wilfried W.; Zweers, A.; Goodman, Morris (detail)
   
1981
Relationship of aardvark to elephants, hyraxes and sea cows from a-crystallin sequences.
Nature (London) 292(5823): 538-540. 1 tab. 2 figs. Aug. 6, 1981.
 
 
de Lima, Régis Pinto; Passavante, José Zanon (detail)
   
2015
Assessment of the first decade (1994-2004) of the West Indian manatee reintroduction (Trichechus manatus) program in the Northeastern coast of Brazil.
Natural Resources 5(1) DOI: 10.6008%2F1147.
–ABSTRACT: Thirteen captive manatees were released and tagged in three different northeastern coastal areas as part of the Brazilian Manatee Reintroduction Program from October 1994 to December 2004. All individuals were monitored locally with VHF transmitters and four were also tracked with satellite tags for different lengths of time. Manatees were tracked from Praia do Forte, Bahia state (12.538ºS/38.474ºW) to Macau, Rio Grande do Norte state (5.084ºS/36.682ºW) along 1200 coastal km of the northeast six states. To evaluate the re-adaptation process was the main objectives of this work, which will hopefully help researchers to make decisions in the future. Two release areas (RA) were beaches with shallow waters, seagrass beds, reefs and close to small rivers; and one was located inside a large estuary with few seagrass beds. Captivity time was not considered in this evaluation but can be an important factor on the success of the manatee reintroduction program. Five manatees occupied home ranges and each contained sites of high fidelity where they spent considerable time. Two manatees were re-captured shortly after release, having moved long distances, including offshore movements into deep waters. Six manatees had few tracked time. Although manatees had few age when released they have found natural conditions for them survival including reproductive behavior. The fidelity sites choose to release manatees in terms of environmental was very similar. A discontinuous occurrence area (RA2) has been used by some released manatees where a first released manatee female had her calf. We strongly recommend: Continuous of this Manatee Reintroduction Program, to protect this three released areas, develop studies in fidelity sites and one new release area in Ceara coast.
 
 
De María, Maite; Silva-Sanchez, Cecilia; Kroll, Kevin J.; Walsh, Michael T.; Nouria, Mohammad-Zaman; Hunter, Margaret E.; Ross, Monica; Clauss, Tonya M.; Denslow, Nancy D. (detail)
   
2021
Chronic exposure to glyphosate in Florida manatee.
Environment International 152: 3 tabs. 3 figs. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2021.106493 July 2021.
–ABSTRACT: Florida manatees depend on freshwater environments as a source of drinking water and as warm-water refuges. These freshwater environments are in direct contact with human activities where glyphosate-based herbicides are being used. Glyphosate is the most used herbicide worldwide and it is intensively used in Florida as a sugarcane ripener and to control invasive aquatic plants. The objective of the present study was to determine the concentration of glyphosate and its breakdown product, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), in Florida manatee plasma and assess their exposure to manatees seeking a warm-water refuge in Crystal River (west central Florida), and in South Florida. We analyzed glyphosate's and AMPA's concentrations in Florida manatee plasma (n = 105) collected during 2009–2019 using HPLC-MS/MS. We sampled eight Florida water bodies between 2019 and 2020, three times a year: before, during and after the sugarcane harvest using grab samples and molecular imprinted passive Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (MIP-POCIS). Glyphosate was present in 55.8% of the sampled Florida manatees' plasma. The concentration of glyphosate has significantly increased in Florida manatee samples from 2009 until 2019. Glyphosate and AMPA were ubiquitous in water bodies. The concentration of glyphosate and AMPA was higher in South Florida than in Crystal River, particularly before and during the sugarcane harvest when Florida manatees depend on warm water refuges. Based on our results, Florida manatees were chronically exposed to glyphosate and AMPA, during and beyond the glyphosate applications to sugarcane, possibly associated with multiple uses of glyphosate-based herbicides for other crops or to control aquatic weeds. This chronic exposure in Florida water bodies may have consequences for Florida manatees' immune and renal systems which may further be compounded by other environmental exposures such as red tide or cold stress.
x
 
De Pourtalès, Louis François (detail)
   
1877
Hints on the origin of the flora and fauna of the Florida Keys.
Amer. Naturalist 11: 137-144. Mar. 1877.
–Concludes that the occurrence of manatees in both Florida and the West Indies, and of "manatee" bone fragments in dredge samples off the Florida coast, indicates former migrations between Cuba and Florida (144). These may have been dugongid bones, however; see Reed et al., 2005.)
 
 
De Silva, G. S. (detail)
   
1969
The fauna conservation ordinance of Sabah.
Loris 11(5): 283-286.
–The law took effect in July 1964, protecting dugongs and other wildlife.
x
 
De Silva, J. A. (detail)
   
1959
A plea for the protection of the dugong.
Loris 8: 173-174. 1 fig. June 1959.
–Pop. acc. of dugongs and dugong hunting in the Indian Ocean; recommends "complete prohibition on the killing of the dugong" in Ceylon.
x
 
De Vis, Charles W. (detail)
   
1884
On a fossil calvaria.
Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 8(3): 392-395. Pl. 17. Read Aug. 29, 1883.
–Description of the supposed fossil sirenian Chronozoon Australe, n.gen.n.sp., based on a skull fragment from the Chinchilla (Darling Downs) drift deposits, southeastern Queensland. This specimen has been considered to represent a diprotodont marsupial, possibly the giant wombat Phascolonus gigas (see T. Edinger, 1975: 44), although it may represent a juvenile individual of some other diprotodontid. J. Louys & G. J. Price (Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60(3):551-572, Fig. 6E (2013), https://doi.org/10.4202/app.00042.2013) consider it a species inquirenda.
x
 
De Vis, Charles W. (detail)
   
1905
Fossil vertebrates from New Guinea.
Ann. Queensland Mus. No. 6: 26-31. Pls. 10-13.
–Describes Halicore brevirostris, n.sp., based on the rostral portion of a skull from alluvial deposits of unknown [but possibly subrecent] age on Murua or Woodlark Is., Papua New Guinea (27-30, pl. 10).
De Vries, T. J.: SEE Muizon & De Vries, 1985. (detail)
De Winton, W. E.: SEE Anderson and De Winton, 1902. (detail)
 
 
Debelius, H. (detail)
   
1993
Sirenia: Kühe mit Flossen.
Abenteuer Natur 2: 86-97.
 
 
Debenham, F. (detail)
   
1941
Bering's last voyage.
Polar Rec. (Cambridge) 3(22): 421-426. 1 pl.
–Reproduces the sea cow picture from Waxell's chart.
 
 
Debrot, Adolphe O.; Caicedo-Herrera, Dalila; Gómez-Camelo, Isabel; Moná-Sanabria, Yenyfer; Rosso, Camila; Tjalling van der Wal, Jan; Mignucci-Giannoni, Antonio A. (detail)
   
2022
The Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) along the Caribbean coast of Colombia: underused incidental records help identify present and past coastal?lowland hotspots.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12972
–ABSTRACT: The Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus; hereafter "manatee") ranges from Mexico and the Bahamas south to Brazil and is listed as Endangered by the IUCN (Self-Sullivan & Mignucci-Giannoni, 2008). Castelblanco-Martínez et al. (2012) compiled expert estimates to suggest a total meta-population size of 6,700 animals for the Western Atlantic region. Apart from the manatees in the Colombian Orinoco and Amazon drainage basins, only about 400 manatees are believed to persist in the subpopulations inhabiting the Colombian-Caribbean drainage basin (Castelblanco-Martínez et al., 2012) and occur principally in the river systems of the Magdalena, Sinú, and Atrato rivers. Manatees fulfil a unique niche in this freshwater ecosystem due to their extensive consumption of aquatic plants. The species may be especially important in recycling scarce nutrients and maintaining waterway quality for navigation, flood control, mosquito control, and fish habitat (Allen & Keith, 2015; Allsopp, 1969; Duplaix & Reichart, 1978; Etheridge et al., 1985; National Science Research Council of Guyana & National Academy of Sciences, 1974; United Nations Environment Programme, 1995). Unfortunately, all these benefits remain poorly appreciated and the animals continue to be frequently killed for consumption (Quintana-Rizzo & Reynolds, 2010). Inside Colombia, the species has been studied significantly only in the Orinoco (Castelblanco-Martínez, Bermúdez-Romero, et al., 2005) and inland freshwater areas of high manatee density such as in the Ciénaga de Paredes of the upper Magdalena River basin (Arévalo-González et al., 2014; Castelblanco-Martínez, Holguín, et al., 2005). More recently, manatee occurrence has also been studied in the middle to upper reaches of the Atrato River (Caicedo-Herrera et al., 2014), the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (Guerrero & Lugo, 2007) and in a 60 km lower section of the Magdalena River just before entering Barranquilla (Mahecha, 2013) (Figure 1). Most conservation, activity-pattern, and population-assessment research has focused on such areas of main population density. Very little is known about manatees in areas that are not designated as protected habitat or in areas of lower manatee densities, or seeming fringe or understudied habitat areas, which nevertheless are fundamental to understanding the ecology of this endangered species and its restoration (Hieb, et al., 2017; Pabody et al., 2009) reaches of the Atrato River (Caicedo-Herrera et al., 2014), the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (Guerrero & Lugo, 2007) and in a 60 km lower section of the Magdalena River just before entering Barranquilla (Mahecha, 2013) (Figure 1). Most conservation, activity-pattern, and population-assessment research has focused on such areas of main population density. Very little is known about manatees in areas that are not designated as protected habitat or in areas of lower manatee densities, or seeming fringe or understudied habitat areas, which nevertheless are fundamental to understanding the ecology of this endangered species and its restoration (Hieb, et al., 2017; Pabody et al., 2009).
 
 
Debrot, Adolphe O.; Eybrecht, Luigi; Dawson, Emily; Cremer, Jenny; Stelten, Ruud (detail)
   
2019
The Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in the southern Caribbean: A compilation and review of records for the Dutch Leeward Islands and the central Venezuelan coast.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12636. Jan. 2020; publ. online July 31, 2019.
 
 
Debrot, Adolphe O.; Van Buurt, G.; Caballero, Andy; Antczak, Andrzej A. (detail)
   
2006
A historical review of records of the West Indian manatee and the American crocodile in the Dutch Antilles.
Carib. Jour. Sci. 42(2): 272-280.
 
 
Decari, R. (detail)
   
1950
La faune malgache.
Paris, Payot.
 
D
Dechaseaux, Colette (detail)
   
1958
Sirenia [and] Desmostylia. In: J. Piveteau (ed.), Traité de paléontologie. Tome VI en deux volumes. L'origine des mammifères et les aspects fondamentaux de leur évolution. Mammifères. Évolution. Deuxième volume.
Paris, Masson et Cie. (962 pp.): 333-367. 41 figs.
–Sirenia, 333-361, 35 figs.; "Encéphales de Siréniens fossiles", 361-363, 1 fig.; Desmostylia, 364-367, 5 figs.
Decker, Susan J.: SEE Bossart et al., 2002; Miller et al., 2001. (detail)
Defretin, R.: SEE Duguy & Defretin, 1979. (detail)
Dehnhardt, Guido: SEE Bachteler & Dehnhardt, 1998, 1999. (detail)
 
 
DeKay, James Ellsworth (detail)
   
1842
Zoology of New-York, or the New-York fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the state of New-York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders, and accompanied by appropriate illustrations.... Part I. Mammalia. In: Natural History of New York.
Albany, printed by W. & A. White & J. Visscher (entire work: 6 parts in 5 vols., 1842-44): Vol. 1: xv + 146. 33 pls.
–Sirs., 122-123, pl. 30.
x
 
Dekeyser, P. L. (detail)
   
1952
Note sommaire sur la température rectale du lamantin (Trichechus senegalensis Link).
Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (Paris) (2)24(3): 243-246. May 1952.
–During periods out of water, the rectal temperature of a 1.5 m male manatee from Senegal varied between 25 and 28.5 degrees C, correlated only weakly with ambient air and water temperatures.
x
 
Dekeyser, P. L. (detail)
   
1955
Note sommaire sur la denture d'un jeune lamantin (Trichechus senegalensis).
Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire 17A(3): 921-925. 1 fig.
–Discussion of the dental formula and tooth succession in a 1.5 m manatee calf from Senegal, probably the same one studied in Dekeyser (1952). Illustrates the dentition prior to any tooth loss, and concludes that the anteromost lower tooth belongs to the permanent rather than the deciduous series.
 
 
Dekeyser, P. L. (detail)
   
1956
Les mammifères de l'Afrique Noire Français.
Initiations Africaines (Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire) 1: 1-426.
–Publ. 1955? Ed. 2? Sirs., 309-311.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1967a
Zeekoe, alias lamantijn, alias manati. [Title of parts II-IV:] Zeekoeien uit Suriname II [-IV].
Artis (Amsterdam) 12(5): 148-157, 12 figs.; 12(6): 184-191, 7 figs.; 13(1): 28-35, 8 figs.; 13(2): 58-65, 13 figs. Jan.-Feb. 1967, Mar.-Apr. 1967, May-June 1967; July-Aug. 1967.
–Account, in four installments, of the capture of manatees in Suriname for the Amsterdam zoo.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1967b
Zeekoeien.
Schakels (The Hague) S64: 21-24. 4 figs.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1971
Op zoek naar zeekoewijfjes. [In search of seacow females.]
Artis (Amsterdam) 17(1): 8-13; 17(2): 48-53; 17(3): 84-88. May-June 1971; July-Aug. 1971; Sept.-Oct. 1971.
x
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1974a
Transport of manatees Trichechus m. manatus.
Internatl. Zoo Yearbk. 14: 68-69.
–Account of the two-week transport by ship of four manatees from Suriname to Holland in Oct. 1966; two died (of cold?), two survived with bruises. Air transport is recommended for future attempts.
x
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1974b
On the natural history of manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) from Suriname for the Amsterdam Zoo.
Aquat. Mamms. 2(2): 1-3. Nov. 1974.
–Brief account of distribution, status, and food habits of Suriname manatees, and of the capture of 15 animals, all but one males.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1977a
Zeekoegeboorte: een unieke gebeurtenis. [Manatee birth: a unique occurrence.]
Artis (Amsterdam) 23(4): 111-119. 17 figs. Nov./Dec. 1977.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1977b
Manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) born at Artis Zoo, Amsterdam.
Internatl. Zoo News 24(8): 30-31.
 
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1978
Die Sirene von Amsterdam.
Der Zoofreund 27: 6-7.
x
 
Dekker, Dick (detail)
   
1980
Pre- and postnatal behaviour in the manatee (Trichechus manatus) in captivity.
Aquat. Mamms. 8(1): 21-26. 1 tab. 3 figs. June 1980.
–Describes attempts at copulation, genital swellings and mammary development in female, feeding, nursing, locomotor, respiratory, and protective behaviors, fright reactions, and growth of mother and male calf born at Amsterdam, Aug. 8, 1977.
Delaney, Judith: SEE ALSO Vallee, Judith Delaney. (detail)
 
 
Delaney, Judith; Hale, Wendy; Stone, Renee (detail)
   
1986
Manatees: An educator's guide to the natural history, habitat, problems, and conservation of the Order Sirenia.
Tallahassee, Florida Dept. of Nat. Resources: [1] + 1-25. Illus. Packaged with 2 leaflets and 17
–Superseded Fritz (1980-1984). Distributed free by the Florida Audubon Society and the Save the Manatee Committee. Rev.: D. P. Domning, Sirenews No. 6: 10-11, Oct. 1986. The booklet contains information on sir. natural history and conservation (emphasizing Florida manatees), aquatic ecology, and marine mammals in general; sources of further information; and puzzles and activities for students in primary and secondary schools. The leaflets comprise a "manatee fact sheet" of natural history data, a list of resource and conservation agencies and organizations in Florida, and a list of printed sources and audiovisual aids. The poster illustrates the Recent sirs. with a map of their distribution. "Also available" on request was "a 23 minute video tape program, 'Silent Sirens: Manatees in Peril'...."
  In the second ed. (1989), the leaflets are incorporated into the booklet (29 pp.; revised by Marjorie Lamphear). Ed. 3, 1992 (revised by Nancy Guzik); ed. 4, 1994 (revised by Nancy Sadusky, Judith Vallee, and Patti Thompson); ed. 5, 1996 (30 pp.; revised by Nancy Sadusky and Patti Thompson); ed. 6, 2001 (38 pp.; revised by Nancy Sadusky and Valerie Gohlke). These later eds. (starting with ed. ??) were published by the Save the Manatee Club.
Delcourt, A.: SEE Anglada et al., 1974. (detail)
x
 
Delfortrie, Eugène (detail)
   
1870
Les ossements entaillés et striés du Miocène aquitanien.
Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 27: 261-262. Pl. 14.
–Describes cetacean ribs scarred by fish teeth, noting that most bones from the Aquitanian deposits, including "maxillaires d'Halitherium", have similar scars.
 
 
Delfortrie, Eugène (detail)
   
1872
Étude sur les restes fossiles de siréniens du genre Halitherium dans le bassin de la Garonne.
Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 28(= (3)8): 281-324. Pls. 18-22.
–Rev.: Jour. Zool. (Paris) 1: 343-344? Also exists as a separate in 38 pp. + 5 pls., re-set with different page-breaks.
  By lumping a variety of Eocene, Oligocene, and Miocene specimens under the name Halitherium Cuvieri, this paper contributed little but confusion. Depéret & Roman (1920) are helpful in sorting out the correct ages and taxa of the localities mentioned here by Delfortrie.
 
 
Delfortrie, Eugéne (detail)
   
1873
Squelette entier de Rytiodus découvert par M. Delfortrie, vice-président.
Procès-Verbaux des Séances de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 29: clxv.
x
 
Delfortrie, Eugène (detail)
   
1875
Renseignements nouveaux sur le Rythiodus [sic].
Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 30, Proc.-verb.: cviii.
–Announces the receipt of additional fragments of a Rytiodus specimen from Saint-Morillon, indicating a tusk length of 28 cm.
x
 
Delfortrie, Eugène (detail)
   
1880
Découverte d'un squelette entier de Rytiodus dans le falun aquitanien.
Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 34(= (4)4): 131-144. 1 tab. Pls. 5-8.
–Abstrs.: Rev. Socs. Savs. (Paris) 9: 80-81, 1875; La Nature (Paris) 8(2)(386): 321-322, 1 fig., Oct. 23, 1880. Describes the skull of a skeleton which was for the most part destroyed by workmen. Considers Rytiodus closely related to Halitherium.
Delgado, Rolando: SEE Cruz & Delgado, 1986. (detail)
 
 
Delort, R. (detail)
   
1984
Les animaux ont une histoire.
Paris, Le Seuil.
 
 
Delsman, Hendricus Christoffel (detail)
   
1951
Dierenleven in Indonesië.
s'Gravenhage [& Bandung?], W. van Hoeve: 1-348. Illus.
Deméré, Thomas A.: SEE ALSO Domning & Deméré, 1984. (detail)
 
 
Deméré, Thomas A. (detail)
   
1981
Fossil whales of San Diego. Part II.
Environ. Southwest 493: 22-25. Illus. June 1981.
x
 
Deméré, Thomas A. (detail)
   
1993
Fossil mammals from the Imperial Formation (upper Miocene-lower Pliocene), Coyote Mountains, Imperial County, California. In: R. E. Reynolds & J. Reynolds (eds.), Ashes, faults and basins.
San Bernardino County Mus. Assoc., Special Publ. 93-1: 82-85. May 1993.
–Reports two indeterminate sir. rib fragments from the Latrania Sands in the Imperial Formation, Salton Trough of California (84). This deposit was formed in a Late Tertiary proto-Gulf of California.
Demoulin, V.: SEE Bay & Demoulin, 1989. (detail)
 
 
Dempster, R.; Shipman, W. (detail)
   
1969
The use of copper sulfate as a medicament for aquarium fishes and as an algaecide in marine mammal water systems.
Occas. Paper California Acad. Sci. 71: 1-6.
–Discusses the use of sequestered copper to control algae in tanks at the Steinhart Aquarium, San Francisco.
 
 
Denkinger, J. (detail)
   
2010
Status of the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) in the Cuyabeno Reserve, Ecuador.
Avances en Ciencias e Ingenerias 2: B29-B34.
x
 
Dennis, Jerry (detail)
   
1994
The call of the mermaid.
Wildl. Conserv. 97(5): 70-72. Sept./Oct. 1994.
–Pop. acc. of mermaid legends, with passing mention of sirs.
x
 
Denton, G. R. W. (detail)
   
1981a
The effect of diet on the heavy metal status of the dugong (Dugong dugon (Müller)). In: H. Marsh (ed.), The dugong. Proceedings of a seminar/workshop held at James Cook University of North Queensland 8-13 May 1979 (q.v.).
[Townsville (Australia)], James Cook Univ. (vii + 400): 169-174.
–Summary of Denton et al. (1980).
x
 
Denton, G. R. W. (detail)
   
1981b
Brief outline of procedures recommended for the collection and storage of dugong tissues for heavy metal, organochlorine pesticide and PCB analyses. In: H. Marsh (ed.), The dugong. Proceedings of a seminar/workshop held at James Cook University of North Queensland 8-13 May 1979 (q.v.).
[Townsville (Australia)], James Cook Univ. (vii + 400): 239.
–Two paragraphs on procedures for avoiding contamination of tissue samples.
x
 
Denton, G. R. W.; Breck, W. G. (detail)
   
1981
Mercury in tropical marine organisms from North Queensland.
Mar. Pollution Bull. 12(4): 116-121. 3 tabs. 2 figs. Apr. 1981.
–Reports that the mercury content of tissues of two dugongs from Cleveland Bay, Australia, was "extremely low" compared with other marine mammals.
x
 
Denton, G. R. W.; Marsh, Helene D.; Heinsohn, George Edwin; Burdon-Jones, C. (detail)
   
1980
The unusual metal status of the dugong Dugong dugon.
Marine Biology 57(3): 201-219. 6 tabs. 5 figs.
–Reports very high levels of iron and zinc found in dugong livers; levels of copper, cadmium, cobalt, and silver were also high in livers, and cadmium in kidneys; manganese concentrations were comparable to those in other marine mammals; nickel, lead, and chromium were not detected in any tissue. Concentrations of several metals varied with age of the dugongs. Seagrasses were probably the source of the iron, but anthropogenic pollution was not implicated.
Denton, Gary: SEE Heinsohn et al., 1985. (detail)
 
 
Dependorf, Theodor (detail)
   
1898
Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte des Zahnsystems der Marsupialier. In: R. W. Semon (ed.), Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel, Vol. 3.
Denkschr. Med.-natw. Ges. Jena 6(1): 243-402. 14 figs. Pls. 2-11.
–Sirs., 393, 397.
 
 
Dependorf, Theodor (detail)
   
1907
Zur Frage der sogenannten Konkreszenztheorie.
Jena. Zs. Natw. 42: 539-566. 19 figs.
–Sirs., 560.
x
 
Depéret, Charles (detail)
   
1895
Über die Fauna von miocänen Wirbelthieren aus der ersten Mediterranstufe von Eggenburg.
Sitzb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-natw. Cl. 104(1): 395-416. 2 pls.
–Describes Metaxytherium Krahuletzi, n.sp., on the basis of 6 isolated molars; lists other fossil sirs. and compares M. Krahuletzi with them. The associated fauna included Brachyodus onoideus, Testudo Noviciensis, Trionyx sp., and Crocodilus Eggenburgensis.
 
 
Depéret, Charles (detail)
   
1907
Les transformations du monde animal.
Paris, E. Flammarion (Bibl. de Philos. Sci.): 1-360.
–Repr.: Paris, 1922. Transls.: Engl., London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd., 1909; German, Stuttgart, E. Schweizerbart, 1909; Spanish, Buenos Aires, Editorial Impulso, 1945.
x
 
Depéret, Charles (detail)
   
1914
Sur la reconstitution d'un squelette de Felsinotherium Serresi, sirénien pliocène des sables de Montpellier.
C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 158: 1858-1862. 1 fig.
–Discusses the anatomy of F. Serresi, comparing it with other fossil sirs., and concludes that a steady increase in body size took place in a phyletic series from "Metaxytherium" [i.e., Halitherium] Christoli, M. Krahuletzi, and/or Halianassa Studeri, through F. Serresi, to F. Forestii and possibly Rhytina. M. fossile [= M. medium], however, is excluded from this lineage on account of its large size.
 
 
Depéret, Charles; Roman, F. (detail)
   
1920
Le Felsinotherium serresi des sables pliocènes de Montpellier et les rameaux phylétiques des siréniens fossiles de l'Ancien Monde.
Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Lyon 12(4): 1-56. 14 figs. 7 pls.
–Rev.: Bol. Soc. Españ. Hist. Nat. 20: 341-342? This noteworthy monograph, in addition to describing in some detail the osteology of F. serresi, provides an extremely useful summary of the then-known sir. fossil record and a handy guide to the European literature.
x
 
Depierre, Daniel; Vivien, Jacques (detail)
   
1992
Mammifères sauvages du Cameroun.
Fontainebleau, publié avec le concours du Ministère de la Coopération et du Développement: 1-250. Illus. June 1992.
–Gen. acc., partly inaccurate, of T. senegalensis in Cameroon (116-117, 1 fig.).
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1933
Cured marine products of Ceylon.
Bull. Ceylon Fish., Sect. C, 1933: 55.
–Notes that considerable quantities of dugong meat were exported in the past century.
x
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1948
Some scientific results of two visits to Africa.
Spolia Zeylanica 25(2): 1-42. 4 figs. 14 pls. Dec. 30, 1948.
–Mentions "sirenians" from the Lower Oligocene of the Fayum, Egypt (15), and lists four Eosiren specimens from the Fayum (16) collected by the author on the University of California African Expedition led by Wendell Phillips. Most if not all of the latter specimens were deposited in the University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley; the scapula was described by Reinhart (1959: 53, 55).
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1965a
A sanctuary for turtles, the dugong, whales and dolphins in the Indian and Southern oceans.
Loris 10(4): 246-250. 3 figs. Dec. 1965.
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1965b
Some aspects of the fauna of Ceylon.
Jour. Roy. Acad. Sci. Ceylon 9(2): 201-221.
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1967
Some new Miocene vertebrates from Ceylon. [Abstr.]
Proc. Ceylon Assoc. Adv. Sci., 23rd Ann. Session, Part 1: 50.
x
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1969a
Some aspects of the Tertiary Period in Ceylon.
Jour. Roy. Asiatic Soc. (Ceylon Branch) (2)12: 86-108. 5 figs. 3 pls. May 15, 1969.
–Very briefly describes Miodugong brevicranius [n.gen.n.sp.], based on a skull fragment from the Miocene Malu Member of the Jaffna Series, Ceylon (97, pl. 2). The photograph in the plate is useless. "Hypothetical reconstructions" (99) show both the dugong and a baleen whale with manatee-like tails. This appears to be the earliest of at least four publications of this and other new names in the same year; although it does not designate the names as "new", no prior publication of them is cited.
x
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1969b
Some of the earliest vertebrates of Ceylon.
Loris 11(5): 235-237. 8 figs. June 1969.
–Summarizes the fauna described in 1969a. Miodugong brevicranius and the cetothere are again "reconstructed" with manatee-like tails.
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1969c
A Miocene vertebrate faunule from the Malu member of Ceylon.
Spolia Zeylanica 31(2): 551-570. 3 figs. 4 pls.
–"Tentatively" proposes "?Miodugong brevicranius", n.gen.n.sp. (554, 562-563, pl. 4). This was perhaps intended to be the definitive publication of this and the other new names of fossil vertebrates.
 
 
Deraniyagala, Paulus Edward Pieris (detail)
   
1969d
Some Miocene vertebrates from Ceylon.
Jour. Pal. Soc. India 13: 20-23. Pl. 1.
–Mentions Miodugong (22).
DEREC: SEE Desmostylus Research Committee. (detail)
 
 
Dermastia, Marina (detail)
   
1997
[Florida manatees and their newly discovered relatives. Morphological studies using molecular biology data.]
Proteus 60(2): 79-81. Illus. Oct. 1997.
x
 
Derscheid, J. M. (detail)
   
1926
Les lamantins du Congo (Trichechus senegalensis Desm.) avec notes sur la répartition géographique et l'extermination des siréniens.
Rev. Zool. Africaine 14(2), Bull. Cercle Zool. Congolais 3(1-2): 23-31. 1 fig.
–Discusses manatees exhibited at Antwerp, sir. distribution in Africa (recognizing "T. senegalensis vogellii" in the Chad and Uele districts in contrast to "T. s. senegalensis" elsewhere), and hunting and protective legislation in the Congo.
 
 
Derville, Solène; Cleguer, Christophe; Garrigue, Claire (detail)
   
2022
Ecoregional and temporal dynamics of dugong habitat use in a complex coral reef lagoon ecosystem.
Sci. Repts. 12:552. 4 tabs. 5 figs. + online supplementary material. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-04412-3 Jan. 11, 2022.
–ABSTRACT: Mobile marine species display complex and nonstationary habitat use patterns that require understanding to design effective management measures. In this study, the spatio-temporal habitat use dynamics of the vulnerable dugong (Dugong dugon) were modelled from 16 satellite-tagged individuals in the coral reef lagoonal ecosystems of New Caledonia, South Pacific. Dugong residence time was calculated along the interpolated tracks (9371 hourly positions) to estimate intensity of use in three contrasting ecoregions, previously identified through hierarchical clustering of lagoon topographic characteristics. Across ecoregions, differences were identified in dugong spatial intensity of use of shallow waters, deeper lagoon waters and the fore-reef shelf outside the barrier reef. Maps of dugong intensity of use were predicted from these ecological relationships and validated with spatial density estimates derived from aerial surveys conducted for population assessment. While high correlation was found between the two datasets, our study extended the spatial patterns of dugong distribution obtained from aerial surveys across the diel cycle, especially in shallow waters preferentially used by dugongs at night/dusk during high tide. This study has important implications for dugong conservation and illustrates the potential benefits of satellite tracking and dynamic habitat use modelling to inform spatial management of elusive and mobile marine mammals.
DeSalle, Robert: SEE Greenwood et al., 2001. (detail)
x
 
Descourtilz, Michel Étienne (detail)
   
1809
Voyages d'un naturaliste, et ses observations faites sur les trois règnes de la nature, dans plusieurs ports de mer français, en Espagne, au continent de l'Amérique Septentrionale, à Saint Yago de Cuba, et à St.-Domingue, où l'auteur devenu le prisonnier de 40,000 noirs révoltés, et par suite mis en liberté par une colonne de l'armée française, donne des détailes circonstanciés sur l'expédition du général Leclerc....
Paris, Dufart, père (3 vols.): Vol. 2: 1-470. Illus.
–Account of manatees and manatee hunting (with nets, guns, and harpoons) on Santo Domingo, where the manatees can be ambushed as they come out of the rivers at noon to graze in the fields of maize and sweet potatoes (2: 274-276)! The author notes with regret that, despite having followed these instructions several times, he never succeeded in shooting one.
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan: SEE ALSO Harlan, R., 1824. (detail)
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1804
Tableau méthodique des mammifères.
Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (Paris, Deterville; 24 vols., 1803-04) 24: 5-38.
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1817a
Dugong.
Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (Paris, Deterville) 9: 603-604.
–Allen 553: "Résumé of its affinities as variously maintained by previous authors, with the recognition of the single species 'Trichecus dugong, Gmel.'"
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1817b
Lamantin.
Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (Paris, Deterville) 17: 258-264.
–Allen 554: "Spp. 2, Manatus americanus et M. senegalensis, Desm."
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1817c
Mammalogie.
Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (Paris, Deterville) 18: 483-542.
–Allen 555. Sirs.?
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1819
Rytine, Rytina Illig.
Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (Paris, Deterville) 29: 573-576.
–Allen 577.
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1822
Mammalogie ou description des espèces de mammifères. Seconde partie, contenant les ordres des rongeurs, des édentés, des pachydermes, des ruminans et des cétacés.
Paris, Mme. Veuve Agasse: viii + 277-556 (= Encyclopédie Methodique, vol. 182). 126 pls.
–Allen 611. The "Premiere Partie" (pp. viii + 1-276) appeared in 1820. Hippopotamus medius and Hippopotamus minimus, 388-389. Recent sirs., 506-511. Dugong and manatee, pl. 112.
 
 
Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (detail)
   
1827
Rytine; Rytina, Ill.
Dict. des Sci. Nat. 46: 476-477.
–Allen 694.
 
 
Desmarest, E.? (detail)
   
1839
Stellère, Stellurus.
Dict. Pittor. Hist. Nat. et des Phénom. de la Nature 9, livr. 657: 173.
–Allen 958.
x
D
Desmostylus Research Committee (DEREC) (detail)
   
1951
[The second skeleton of Desmostylus in Gifu Prefecture.]
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 57(672): 414. Sept. 1951.
–In Japanese. Engl. transl. done by Engineer Intelligence Division, Office of the Engineer, Headquarters U.S. Army Forces Far East, Tokyo, 1954; available from Military Geology Branch, U.S. Geological Survey?
  Brief account of the discovery (in October 1950), collection, and plans for the study of the Izumi desmostylian skeleton, provisionally identified here as Desmostylus but later recognized as Paleoparadoxia. This was the second desmostylian skeleton to be found, the first being the Desmostylus from Keton in Sakhalin.
  The Desmostylus Research Committee was established on July 3, 1950 to carry out a collaborative study of the Keton skeleton of Desmostylus and, later, the Izumi Paleoparadoxia. It consisted of H. Yabe (chairman), F. Takai, S. Ijiri, M. Minato, and T. Shikama, and was active from 1950 to 1953 (see also citations under the names of the committee members); "but afterwards it stopped its official activity owing to a cause not to be published" (Shikama, 1966b: 1, 10-14). The cause, apparently, was political dissension among the committee members. Ijiri was to describe the skulls, Shikama the limb bones and sterna, and Takai the remaining parts. This plan was only partly carried out in the publications of Ijiri & Kamei (1961) and Shikama (1966b); it remained for Inuzuka (1980-82) to complete the description of the Keton skeleton.
x
D
Desmostylus Research Committee (DEREC) (detail)
   
1952
[Re-excavation of desmostylids in Toki District, Gifu Prefecture, and its stratigraphical horizon.]
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 58(679): 144. Apr. 1952.
–In Japanese. Reports an unsuccessful attempt to relocate and recollect the locality of the Togari Desmostylus skull discovered in 1898 (see Yoshiwara & Iwasaki, 1902), and the enlargement of the excavation at the Izumi "Desmostylus" [= Paleoparadoxia] locality. Ten additional bone fragments plus associated fauna and flora were collected at the latter site. The two localities are assigned to the Togari and Yamanouchi members, respectively, of the Akeyo Formation [Miocene].
 
 
Desmoulins, Antoine (detail)
   
1824
Dugong, Trichechus Dugong, Gmel. In: Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle.
Paris, Rey et Gravier & Baudouin Frères: Vol. 5 (Cra-D): 640-641. Pl. 141.
–Allen 637. See also Saint-Hilaire (1826) and Lesson (1829). The illustration of the dugong on Pl. 141 is taken from Home (1820b: pl. 25).
 A copy of the 17-volume Dictionnaire classique was carried aboard H.M.S. Beagle during Charles Darwin's 1831-36 voyage.
 
 
Desnoyers, Jules Pierre Stanislas (detail)
   
1829
Observations sur un ensemble de dépôts marins plus récens que les terrains tertiaires du bassin de la Seine, et constituant une formation géologique distincte; précédées d'un aperçu de la non simultanéité des bassins tertiaires.
Ann. Sci. Nat. 16: 171-214, 402.
–Allen 722. Sirs., 446-448??
 
 
Desse, Jean; Desse-Berset, N. (detail)
   
1990
Failaka. La faune: les mammifères et les poissons. In: Y. Calvet & J. Gachet (eds.), Failaka, fouilles françaises 1986-1988.
Lyon, GDR-Maison de l'Orient; Paris, de Boccard (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient 8): 51-70.
DeTample, Craig: SEE Gallagher et al., 1989. (detail)
 
 
Detre, Cs.; Dudich, E., Jr.; Kecskemeti, T. (detail)
   
1971
Hungariae originalia animalia fossilia Eocaenica.
Magyar. Állami Földt. Intez., Evk. 54(1969), No. 4, Pt. 2: 161-178.
 
 
Dette, Kurt (detail)
   
1929a
Halitherium schinzi Kaup im norddeutschen Septarienton.
Zs. Deutsch. Geol. Ges. 81(10): 539.
 
 
Dette, Kurt (detail)
   
1929b
Seekuhrest im Septarienton von Köthen.
Serimunt (Blätter der Vereins Heimatmus. f. Köthen) 4(24).
x
 
Deutsch, Charles J.; Bonde, Robert K.; Reid, James P. (detail)
   
1998
Radio-tracking manatees from land and space: tag design, implementation, and lessons learned from long-term study.
Marine Technology Society Jour. 32(1): 18-29. 5 figs.
–Traces the development of the manatee radio-tag assembly, and describes how the technology has been implemented in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, including capture and tagging methods, strengths and weaknesses of the current tag design, relative merits of VHF and satellite-monitored PTT transmitters, contributions of radio-tagging to studies of manatee biology, and promising new developments in tag technology and analytical methods.
 
 
Deutsch, Charles J.; Reid, James P.; Bonde, Robert K.; Easton, Dean E.; Kochman, Howard I.; O'Shea, Thomas J. (detail)
   
2003
Seasonal movements, migratory behavior, and site fidelity of West Indian manatees along the Atlantic coast of the United States.
Wildlife Monographs No. 151: 1-77. Frontisp. 10 tabs. 19 figs. Jan. 2003.
 
 
Deutsch, Charles J.; Reynolds, John E., III (detail)
   
2012
Florida manatee status and conservation issues: a primer. Chap. 3 in: E. M. Hines et al. (eds.), Sirenian conservation: issues and strategies in developing countries (q.v.).
Gainesville, University Press of Florida (xiv + 326): 23-35. 2 tabs., 1 map.
–Includes box essays by Michael G. Sorice (p. 29, "Transforming manatee tourism into ecotourism"), Jim Brown (p. 30, "Role of law enforcement in conservation of the Florida manatee"), and Kari A. Rood, Sheri L. Barton, & Cathy A. Beck (p. 32, "Partnering for success: Florida manatee photo-identification").
x
 
Devillers, Ch. (detail)
   
1938
Sur la biologie du lamantin en captivité.
Mammalia 2(2): 84-88. 3 figs. June 1938.
–Describes the external anatomy, measurements, locomotor behavior, and captive diet of two T. inunguis brought to France from Manaus, Brazil.
x
 
Dewar, Heather (detail)
   
2012
At Crystal River Refuge, manatee protection is working.
Refuge Update (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service) 9(5): 4. 1 fig. Sept./Oct. 2012.
–Gen. acc. of managing human-manatee interaction at the Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, Florida.
 
 
Dexler, Hermann (detail)
   
1902
Bericht über eine Reise nach Australien zum Zwecke der Erwerbung anatomischen und entwicklungsgeschichtlichen Materiales vom Dugong.
Dt. Arbeit. Prag 1(7): 552-562. 1 pl.
 
 
Dexler, Hermann (detail)
   
1905
Queensland.
Leipzig: 1-200.
–Sirs., 200.
 
 
Dexler, Hermann (detail)
   
1912a
Das Rückenmark von Halicore dugong Erxl.
Ver. Internatl. Zool. Kongr. (Jena) 8: 527-534.
x
 
Dexler, Hermann (detail)
   
1912b
Das Hirn von Halicore dugong Erxl.
Morph. Jahrb. (Leipzig) 45(1): 97-190. 35 figs. Pls. 5-6.
–Detailed gross and microscopic description of the brains of eight Queensland dugongs.
 
 
Dexler, Hermann; Eger, O. (detail)
   
1911
Beiträge zur Anatomie des Säugerrückenmarkes. I. Halicore dugong Erxl.
Morph. Jahrb. (Leipzig) 43: 107-207. 27 figs. Pl. 7.
 
 
Dexler, Hermann; Freund, Ludwig (detail)
   
1906a
Zur Biologie und Morphologie von Halicore dugong.
Arch. Naturgesch. 72(1): 77-106. 1 fig. 3 pls.
x
 
Dexler, Hermann; Freund, Ludwig (detail)
   
1906b
Contributions to the physiology and biology of the dugong.
Amer. Naturalist 40(469): 49-72. Jan. 1906.
–Excellent treatise and literature review on dugong behavior, sense perception, locomotion, etc.
x
 
Dexler, Hermann; Freund, Ludwig (detail)
   
1906c
External morphology of the dugong.
Amer. Naturalist 40(476): 567-581. 5 figs. Aug. 1906.
–Detailed anatomical description and literature review.
Dey, S. C.: SEE Das & Dey, 1999. (detail)
 
 
Dhandapani, P.; Alfred, J. R. B. (detail)
   
1998
Conservation of marine mammals in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of India.
Indian Jour. Mar. Scis. 27(3-4): 506-508. Sept.-Dec. 1998.
 
 
Di Carlo, Giuseppe; Kenworthy, W. Judson (detail)
   
2008
Evaluation of aboveground and belowground biomass recovery in physically disturbed seagrass beds.
Oecologia 158(2): 285-298. 6 tabs. 5 figs. + online supplementary material.
–Describes, in addition to recovery from anthropogenic damage to seagrass beds in Florida and Puerto Rico, recovery from grazing by Antillean manatees in a Puerto Rican Thalassia bed.
 
 
Di Natale, Antonio (detail)
   
2001?
Il signore del fiume.
Cetacea Informa 10(18): 24-28. 8 figs.
–Gen. acc. of West African manatees in Mali.
x
 
Diard Duvaucel (detail)
   
1820
Sur le dugong.
Jour. de Physique, Chimie et Hist. Nat. 91: 159-160. Aug. 1820 (Read to Roy. Soc. London, June 15, 1820).
–Rev.: Ann. Philos. 16: 55. Summary of Raffles (1820), with other remarks on the internal anatomy of the dugong. Mentions (160) the seasonal occurrence of dugongs at Singapore (mostly during the northern monsoon).
Dias Vieira, João Pedro: SEE Vieira, João Pedro Dias. (detail)
 
 
Díaz-Berenguer, E.; Houssaye, A.; Badiola, A.; Canudo, J. I. (detail)
   
2020
The hind limbs of Sobrarbesiren cardieli (Eocene, Northeastern Spain) and new insights into the locomotion capabilities of the quadrupedal sirenians.
Jour. Mamm. Evol. 27, 649–675. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10914-019-09482-9.
–ABSTRACT: In the transition from a terrestrial to an aquatic environment, sirenian marine mammals reduced and lost their hind limbs and developed a horizontal caudal fin, the main propulsive organ in extant sirenians. Quadrupedal forms are only known from the Eocene and are represented by three different clades: the amphibious "prorastomids," the aquatic quadrupedal protosirenids, and Sobrarbesiren cardieli, a four-legged sirenian from the middle Eocene of Spain, considered the sister taxon of the fully aquatic Dugongidae. This ecological shift from terrestrial to an aquatic environment was naturally associated with adaptations, among others, of the skeleton. However, sirenian hind limb bones have been poorly studied because of the scarce material available in the fossil record. Here, we describe in detail the hind limb bones of Sobrarbesiren, analyzing their functional morphology and comparing them with other basal sirenians and cetaceans, and with related terrestrial mammals such as proboscideans and hyracoids. The hind limbs of Sobrarbesiren were capable of a great variety of movements. Based on the presence of a strong sacroiliac articulation, we propose that it swam by dorsoventral pelvic undulation combined with pelvic paddling analogous to extant otters and the "prorastomid" Pezosiren. We also conduct the first microanatomical analysis of hind limb bones of an Eocene sirenian. Data reveal extreme inner compactness in the Sobrarbesiren innominate and femur, with the first description of osteosclerosis in an amniote innominate combined with the highest degree of osteosclerosis observed in amniote femora. The results confirm that the microanatomical changes precede the external morphological changes in such ecological transitions. The process of adaptation of sirenians to an aquatic life was thus a more complex process than previously thought.
 
 
Diaz-Berenguer, Ester; Badiola, Ainara; Moreno-Azanza, Miguel; Canudo, José Ignacio (detail)
   
2018
First adequately-known quadrupedal sirenian from Eurasia (Eocene, Bay of Biscay, Huesca, northeastern Spain).
Nature Scientific Reports 8(5127):1-13. 11 figs. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-23355-w#ethics Mar. 23, 2018.
–ABSTRACT: Sirenians are the only extant herbivorous mammals fully adapted to an aquatic lifestyle. They originated in Africa during the Paleocene from an undetermined clade of afrotherian mammals, and by the end of the Eocene they were widely distributed across the tropical latitudes. Here we introduce Sobrarbesiren cardieli gen. et sp. nov. It is the first adequately-known quadrupedal sirenian from Eurasia and the oldest record of this clade from western Europe. Fossils have been recovered from the middle Lutetian (SBZ15) site of Castejón de Sobrarbe-41 (Huesca, Spain), and comprise many cranial and postcranial remains, including pelvic girdle and hind limb bones, from at least six sirenian individuals of different ontogenetic stages. Sobrarbesiren shows a suite of characters previously considered synapomorphies of different clades of derived sirenians, such as the presence of the processus retroversus of the squamosal and the pterygoid fossa, combined with ancestral characters such as the presence of an alisphenoid canal, a permanent P5, at least two sacral vertebrae, a primitive pelvis and functional femora and fibulae. Sobrarbesiren is recovered as the sister taxon of Dugongidae and represents a transitional stage of adaptation to aquatic life between the amphibious quadrupedal prorastomids and the aquatic quadrupedal protosirenids.
 
 
Diaz-Ferguson, Edgardo; Hunter, Margaret E.; Guzmán, Héctor M. (detail)
   
2017
Genetic composition and connectivity of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Panama.
Aquatic Mammals 43(4): 378-386. 2 tabs. 2 figs. doi:10.1578/AM.43.4.2017.378. July 10, 2017.
–ABSTRACT: Genetic diversity and haplotype composition of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) population from the San San Pond Sak (SSPS) wetland in Bocas del Toro, Panama, was studied using a segment of the mitochondrial DNA (control region). No genetic information to date has been published for manatee populations in Panama. Due to the secretive behavior and small population size of the species in the area, DNA extraction was conducted from opportunistically collected fecal (N = 20), carcass tissue (N = 4), and bone (N = 4) samples. However, after DNA processing, only 10 samples provided enough quality DNA for sequencing -- three fecal, four tissue, and three bone samples. We identified three haplotypes in total: J01 was previously published (N = 3), while the other two haplotypes, J02 (N = 3) and J03 (N = 4), are reported for the first time. The genetic diversity was similar to previous analyses conducted in the Caribbean with moderate values of nucleotide (pi = 0.00152) and haplotypic (Hd = 0.57) diversity. Connectivity assessment between the SSPS population with published range-wide manatee haplotypes was based on sequence similarity, genetic distance, and genetic differentiation. The identified J01 haplotype is also found in populations to the north along the Central American and Gulf of Mexico coasts indicating reduced differentiation (Fst = 0.0094). In contrast, comparisons between SSPS sequences and South American populations (not including Colombia), the West Indies, and Florida showed fewer similarities (Fst = 0.049 and 0.058, respectively). These results corroborate previous phylogeographic patterns already established for manatee populations and situate the manatee population in Panama within the Belize/Mexico cluster. In addition, these findings provide a baseline for comparative studies of manatees in other areas of Panama and Central America. These results can assist with management decisions regarding conservation of genetic diversity, future introductions, connectivity, and effective population size of manatee populations along the Central American corridor.
 
 
Dick, Heather (detail)
   
1975
Hugh Manatee.
Ranger Rick, Mar. 1975: 35-37. 4 figs.
x
 
Dick, Thomas M. (detail)
   
1982
The Florida manatee.
Underwater Naturalist (Bull. Amer. Littoral Soc.) 13(4): 19-22. 4 figs. Spring 1982.
–Pop. acc. of manatee behavior and conservation problems.
 
 
Dickerson, R. E.; Merill, E. D.; McGregor, R. C.; Schultze, W.; Taylor, E. H.; Heere, Albert W. C. T. (detail)
   
1928
Mammals in the Philippines. Distribution of life in the Philippines.
Manila, Bureau of Printing.
–Dugong, 273-280.
 
 
Dickey, Beth (detail)
   
1988
For manatees, KSC is paradise found.
Spaceport News (John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida) 27(7): 4-5. 4 figs. Mar. 25, 1988.
 
 
Dieckman, L. E. (detail)
   
1972
Manatees!!!
Bull. Audubon Soc. Belize 4(7): 1.
–Short description of apparent mating in T. manatus.
 
 
Diedrich, Cajus G. (detail)
   
2008
The food of the miosiren Anomotherium langenwieschei [sic] (Siegfried) - indirect proof of seaweed or seagrass by xenomorphic oyster fixation structures in the Upper Oligocene (Neogene [sic]) of the Doberg, Bünde (NW Germany) and comparisons to modern Dugong dugon (Müller) feeding strategies.
Senckenbergiana Maritima 38(1): 59-73. 12 figs. May 9, 2008.
 
 
Diedrich, Cajus G. (detail)
   
2010
Palaeoecology of Placodus gigas (Reptilia) and other placodontids - Middle Triassic macroalgae feeders in the Germanic Basin of central Europe - and evidence for convergent evolution with Sirenia.
Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 285(3-4): 287-306. 18 figs. Jan. 15, 2010 (available online Nov. 24, 2009).
 
 
Diedrich, Cajus G. (detail)
   
2011
Fossil Middle Triassic "sea cows" - placodont reptiles as macroalgae feeders along the north-western Tethys coastline with Pangaea and in the Germanic Basin.
Natural Science 3(1): 9-27. 11 figs. DOI: :10.4236/ns.2011.31002. Jan. 2011.
–ABSTRACT: The descriptions of fossil Triassic marine placodonts as durophagous reptiles are revised through comparisons with the sirenia and basal proboscidean mammal and palaeoenvironment analyses. The jaws of placodonts are convergent with those of Halitherium/Dugong or Moeritherium in their general function. Whereas Halitherium possessed a horny oral pad and counterpart and a special rasp-like tongue to grind seagrass, as does the modern Dugong, placodonts had large teeth that covered their jaws to form a similar grinding pad. The Sirenia also lost their anterior teeth during many millions of years and built a horny pad instead and specialized tongue to fed mainly on seagrass, whereas placodonts had only macroalgae available. Indirect evidence for Triassic macroalgae is provided by benthic palaeocommunities from different layers and extended European regions in the Germanic Basin. Studies of tooth wear stages for Placodus indicate that anterior teeth may have been used in a similar manner to the procumbent front teeth of modern Dugong. Paraplacodus and Placodus seem to have used these teeth as spatulas to dig out seaplants. Cyamodus and other placodonts such as Placochelys had smaller or reduced anterior teeth. The scarcity of highly worn palatine or maxillary and lower jaw dentary Placodus or Cyamodus teeth (less then 0.5%) suggests that they had a relatively soft diet. The seaplants would only have been squeezed in a similar feeding strategy to that of modern Dugong feeding on seagrass without jaw rotation and grinding. The phylogenetic trend in tooth reduction within the placodonts Paraplacodus, Placodus, especially in Cyamodus but also Placochelys, and Henodus within 11 My appears to have been a result of this plant-feeding adaptation and may even explain the origin or at least close relationship of the earliest Upper Triassic turtles as toothless algae and jellyfish feeders, in terms of the long-term convergent development with the sirens.
 
 
Diedrich, Cajus G. (detail)
   
2013a
The most northerly record of the sirenian Protosiren and the possible polyphyletic evolution of manatees and dugongs.
Natural Science 5(11): 1154-1164. 4 figs. DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.511142 Nov. 4, 2013.
–ABSTRACT: Newly discovered remains of the early Middle Eocene (Lutetian) sirenian Protosiren (Protosirenidae) in shark tooth rich conglomerates from a coastal delta environment northwest of the European Rhenish Massif at Fürstenau (northwestern Germany), represent the most northerly occurrence of this genus whose global distribution was generally restricted to warm waters. Its presence of the remains so far north can be explained by seasonal inflow of warm Tethys surface water into the cool, upwelling-influenced, basin. The existence of two discrete centers of sirenian evolution can be explained by the opening of the Atlantic and the upwelling that separated the North American warm water faunal province from those of Africa and Eurasia. A slightly modified evolutionary model is presented in which the oldest Early Eocene manatee sirenians evolved in the Caribbean of Central America. Protosiren, however, appears to have developed polyphyletically along the African coastline of the Tethys, and represents the oldest known dugong ancestor. Younger (Oligocene) European sirenian skeletons of Halitherium and Anomotherium are included in the phylostratigraphic model in which sirenians had generally reduced their teeth by 28 Ma as an adaptation for feeding on sea-plants (macroalgae/seagrass). Teeth from early megatooth sharks, which preyed on sirenians, have been recorded from shallow marine Eocene and Oligocene coastlines of the southern proto-North Sea Basin, and shark bite marks have been found on sirenian skeletons.
 
 
Diedrich, Cajus G. (detail)
   
2013b
Evolution of white and megatooth sharks, and evidence for early predation on seals, sirenians, and whales.
Natural Science 5(11): 1203-1218. 6 figs. DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.511148 Nov. 13, 2013.
 
 
DiEdwardo, Judy Alexandra (detail)
   
2000
Follow the manatee trail.
RoadSmart (Amoco Motor Club), Winter 2000: 22-25. 4 figs.
–Pop. acc. of Florida manatees and places to see them.
Dierauf, Leslie A.: SEE ALSO Bossart & Dierauf, 1990. (detail)
 
 
Dierauf, Leslie A. (detail)
   
1990
From fish to fin to flipper: the evolution of marine mammals. In: L. A. Dierauf (ed.), CRC handbook of marine mammal medicine: health, disease, rehabilitation.
Boca Raton (Florida), CRC Press, Inc. (735 pp.): 381-397. 7 figs.
–Presents a slightly garbled summary of sir. phylogeny (381-385, 391).
  Other chapters in this volume listed here are by Bossart & Dierauf, Spotte, Stoskopf, White & Francis-Floyd, and Williams et al. Sirs. are also mentioned in other chapters by Dierauf (list of manatee parasites; 93), Janette Roletto & Jeff Mazzeo (identification of T. manatus; 448-449), Graham A. J. Worthy (energetics; m490), and Brian E. Joseph, Edward D. Asper, & James E. Antrim (transport techniques; 550). Rev. of volume: C. A. Harms, 1996, Mar. Mamm. Sci. 12(1): 157-160, Jan. 2, 1996.
 
 
Diesing, Carl Moritz (detail)
   
1838
Abbildungen neuer Gattungen brasilianischer Binnenwürmer (Entozoën). [Abstr.]
Ber. XV. Versamml. Deutsch. Naturf. u. Aerzte (Prague, Sept. 1837): 189. Read Sept. 21, 1837.
–Mentions the occurrence of the parasites Lobocephalus heterolobus and Amphistoma fabaceum in the stomach and intestine, respectively, of Manatus australis. Both names of parasites were nomina nuda.
x
 
Diesing, Carl Moritz (detail)
   
1839
Neue Gattungen von Binnenwürmern nebst einem Nachtrage zur Monographie der Amphistomen.
Ann. Wiener Mus. Naturgesch. 2: 219-242. Pls. 14-20. Feb. 1839.
–Describes the nematode Heterocheilus tunicatus, n.gen.n.sp., from the stomach and small intestine of "Manatus exunguis Natt." from Brazil (229-232, pls. 15, 19). The description of the host, given in a footnote on p. 280, is an account by Natterer in which he uses the name exunguis instead of the later-published spelling inunguis. M. exunguis is also contrasted with M. americanus. (See R. V. Melville [1985] for the disposition of the name exunguis.) Also describes the trematode Amphistoma fabaceum n.gen.n.sp., likewise from the intestines of the Amazonian manatee (236, pl. 20).
x
 
Diesing, Carl Moritz (detail)
   
1850-51
Systema helminthum... Vol. II.
Vienna, Wilhelm Braumüller: vi + 588.
–Vol. I (1850) lists Amphistomum fabaceum Diesing as a parasite of "Manatus exunguis" (403-404). Vol. II (1851) lists "Ascaris Rytinae Brandt" [new name], "Ascaris Dugonis Brandt" [new name], and Heterocheilus tunicatus Diesing as sir. parasites, the latter found in "Manatus exunguis" (190-191, 209, 502).
 
 
Diesing, Carl Moritz (detail)
   
1861
Revision der Nematoden.
Sitzb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-natw. Kl. 42(28): 595-736. 1 pl.
–Includes Ascaris Halicoris, 662.
 
 
Dietz, Tim (detail)
   
1992
The call of the siren: manatees and dugongs.
Golden (Colorado), Fulcrum Publishing: xii + 196. Illus.
–Pop. acc. of sirs. and sir. research.
 
 
Dight, I. J.; Gladstone, W. (detail)
   
1994
Torres Strait Baseline Study: pilot study final report, June 1993. Trace metal concentrations in sediments and selected marine biota as indicator organisms and food items in the diet of Torres Strait Islanders and coastal Papuans.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Research Publ. 29: viii + 259. Illus.
 
 
Dilbone, R. P. (detail)
   
1965
Mycosis in a manatee.
Jour. Amer. Veter. Med. Assoc. 147: 1095-1097.
 
 
Dilg, Carl (detail)
   
1909
Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Morphologie und postembryonalen Entwicklung des Schädels bei Manatus inunguis Natt.
Gegenbaurs Morph. Jahrb. 39(1): 83-145. 1 fig. Pls. 8-13. Mar. 2, 1909.
–An Inaugural-Dissertation presented to the Universität Bern, Feb. 29, 1908, also published as a separate (Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1909). The latter version includes a title-page, a dedication to Th. Studer (Dilg's professor), and two paragraphs of acknowledgements not published in Morph. Jahrb.
x
 
Dill, William A. (detail)
   
1961
Some notes on the use of the manatee (Trichechus) for the control of aquatic weeds.
U.N. Food & Agric. Organization Fisheries Biology Tech. Paper No. 13: 1-6. Sept. 1961.
–Concludes that the present state of knowledge does not justify recommendation of the use of manatees for weed control. Quotes Allsopp (1960) in full (3-4).
x
 
Dimock, Anthony W. (detail)
   
1907
The art of catching the manatee.
Century Mag. 73 (= n.s. 51): 848-853. 4 figs. Apr. 1907.
–Account of attempts to capture a Florida manatee for the New York Aquarium. See also C.H. Townsend (1907).
 
 
Dimock, Anthony W. (detail)
   
1908
Big game hunting at sea: hunting the manatee.
Illus. London News (5)11: 333-334. figs.
–Account of the capture of an adult and baby T. manatus for the New York Aquarium.
 
 
Dimock, Anthony W. (detail)
   
1909
Capturing a manatee.
Recreation 29: 163-168. Apr. 1909.
 
 
Dimock, Anthony W. (detail)
   
c. 1910?
Dick in the Everglades.
Peekamose (New York), A. W. Dimock. 32 figs.
 
 
Dimock, Anthony W.; Dimock, Julian A. (detail)
   
1909
Florida enchantments.
London, Hodder & Stoughton: 1-318. Illus.
–Earlier ed.: New York, The Outing Publ. Co., 1908. Revised eds. (by A. W. Dimock; photographs by J. A. Dimock): Peekamose (New York), A. W. Dimock, 1915 (x + 338); New York, Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1926. Contains material republished from a variety of magazines.
  Chap. 3, "The capture of the manatee", is on pp. 29-59 of the 1908 ed., and on pp. 39-59 of the 1915 ed., with 7 figs. and a cover photo. It tells the story of capturing 3 manatees for the New York Aquarium and photographing a fourth. The first animal, a large, pregnant female, died in the course of capture; the other two captives survived for some time at the Aquarium (see also Townsend, 1907).
  A short article by Nina J. Root on the work of this father-and-son writer-photographer team appeared in Nat. Hist. 105(8): 78-81, Aug. 1996.
 
 
Dinesen, Zena (detail)
   
1998
Management of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. In: J. G. Greenwood & N. J. Hall (eds.), Australian Coral Reef Society 75th Anniversary Conference, held at Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef, 2nd-6th October 1997: Proceedings.
Brisbane, Univ. of Queensland School of Marine Science (viii + 286 pp.): 67-76. Illus.
x
 
DiPerna, Paula (detail)
   
1984
Manatee management: a question of freedom.
Calypso Log (Cousteau Society) 11(3): 16-17. 3 figs. Sept. 1984.
–Pop. acc. of a proposal (by Dr. Jesse White) to restock the Florida manatee population by large-scale captive breeding.
 
 
Divin, V. A. (detail)
   
1957
Vtoraya Sibirsko-tikhookeanskaya ekspeditsiya i voprosy khozyaistvennavo osvoyeniya Dalnevo Vostoka. [The Second Siberia-Pacific Ocean Expedition and questions of the economic development of the Far East.]
Letopis Severa 2: 157-175.
–Sirs., 168-169.
Dixon, Harold L.: SEE Donovan et al., 1990. (detail)
Djedo, F.: SEE Silva et al., 1999. (detail)
Djunarlin: SEE Erftemeijer et al., 1993. (detail)
Dobbs, K.: SEE Eros et al., 2000. (detail)
 
 
Dobbs, K.; Fernandes, L.; Slegers, S.; Jago, B.; Thompson, L.; Hall, L.; Day, J.; Cameron, D.; Tanzer, J.; Macdonald, F.; Marsh, Helene D.; Coles, Robert (detail)
   
2008
Incorporating dugong habitats into the marine protected area design for the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Queensland, Australia.
Ocean & Coastal Management 51: 368-375.
 
 
Dobbs, Kirstin; Lawler, Ivan; Kwan, Donna (detail)
   
2012
Dugongs in Australia and the Pacific. Chap. 11 in: E. M. Hines et al. (eds.), Sirenian conservation: issues and strategies in developing countries (q.v.).
Gainesville, University Press of Florida (xiv + 326): 99-105. 1 tab. 1 map.
 
 
Dockery, David T., III (detail)
   
1982
Lesueur's Walnut Hills fossil shells.
Mississippi Geol. 2(3): 7-13. Illus.
–Publishes, for the first time, plates of Lower Oligocene fossils collected from the future site of Vicksburg, Miss., by Charles A. Lesueur in 1828. Included are possible sir. rib fragments. These plates were also reproduced by Dockery as Appendix II of Mississippi Bur. Geol. Bull. 123: 5-261, 1982 (see pp. 240-241).
Dodds, W. Jean: SEE Medway, Dodds et al., 1982. (detail)
Döderlein, Ludwig: SEE Steinmann & Döderlein, 1890. (detail)
 
 
Dodman, Tim (detail)
   
1999a
West African manatee: a flagship species for wetlands.
Wetlands 8: 18.
 
 
Dodman, Tim (detail)
   
1999b
Meeting to discuss the status of manatees in West Africa.
Fadama 1: 7.
 
 
Dodman, Tim; Ndiaye Mame Dagou, D.; Sarr Khady (eds.) (detail)
   
2007
A preliminary conservation strategy for the West African manatee.
Nairobi & Dakar, UNEP & PRCM/Wetlands International.
x
 
Doig, Fiona; Dyson, Steve (detail)
   
1988
Satellite tracking: a new direction for research.
Austral. Nat. Hist. 22(10): 437-441. 8 figs. Spring 1988.
–Pop. acc. of applications of the Argos tracking system, including studies of dugongs in Queensland (438-439). Includes 3 photos showing capture of a dugong by hoop-net (436-437).
Dolar, L. L.: SEE Leatherwood et al., 1992. (detail)
 
 
Dollfus, Robert Ph. (detail)
   
1950
Trématodes récoltés au Congo Belge par le Professeur Paul Brien (mai-août 1937).
Ann. Mus. Congo Belge C (Zool.) (5)1(1): 1-136.
–Reports Zygocotyle sp. in the caecum of a Dugong from Djibouti (94-96).
 
 
Dollfus, Robert Ph. (detail)
   
1955
Parasites. In: G. Petit, Ordre des siréniens. In: P.-P. Grassé (ed.), Traité de Zoologie.
Paris, Masson et Cie., 17(1): 981-983.
–Sir. parasites.
 
 
Dollman, Guy (detail)
   
1933a
Dugongs from Mafia Island and a manatee from Nigeria.
Nat. Hist. Mag. (London) 4(28): 117-125. 7 figs. Oct. 1933.
–Discussion of dugong teeth, natural history, and abundance in East Africa, and of distribution and hunting of T. senegalensis in Nigeria.
x
 
Dollman, Guy (detail)
   
1933b
On two dugongs from Mafia Island.
Proc. Linn. Soc. London 145: 16-17. Read Nov. 10, 1932.
–Comments on dugongs in general and on two skulls from Tanganyika sent by B. W. Savory.
 
 
Dollo, Louis (detail)
   
1889a
Le vol chez les vertébrés.
Rev. Quest. Sci. 26: 146-207, 410-485.
–Sirs., 188.
x
 
Dollo, Louis (detail)
   
1889b
Première note sur les siréniens de Boom (résumé).
Bull. (Proc.-verb.) Soc. Belge Géol. Pal. Hydrol. 3: 415-421. 2 figs. Session of Oct. 30, 1889.
–Abstr.: Dollo (1890). Describes Miosiren Kocki, n.gen.n.sp., from the Miocene of Belgium, and compares it briefly with other sirs.
n
 
Dollo, Louis (detail)
   
1890
Sur un sirénien miocène de Boom.
Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 14(1): 65-66. Session of Oct. 24, 1889.
–Abstract of Dollo (1889b). The new generic name Miosiren is mentioned, but not the specific name.
 
 
Dollo, Louis (detail)
   
1892
Sur la morphologie des côtes.
Bull. Sci. France Belgique 24: 113-129.
–Sirs., 118.
 
 
Dollo, Louis (detail)
   
1922
Les céphalopodes déroulés et l'irréversibilité de l'évolution.
Bijdr. Dierk. (Amsterdam) 22 (Feestnum. Max Weber): 215-226. Pl. 7.
 
 
Domínguez-Tejo, H. M. (detail)
   
2019
History and conservation status of the Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus in Hispaniola.
Oryx doi.org/10.1017/500306-05319000140-2019.12.05 [INCORRECT URL]
x
 
Dominici, Stefano; Danise, Silvia; Benvenuti, Marco (detail)
   
2018
Pliocene stratigraphic paleobiology in Tuscany and the fossil record of marine megafauna.
Earth-Science Reviews 176: 1-34. 6 tabs. 11 figs. Publ. online Sept. 28, 2017.
–ABSTRACT: Tuscany has a rich Pliocene record of marine megafauna (MM), including mysticetes, odontocetes, sirenians and seals among the mammals, and six orders of sharks among the elasmobranchs. This is reviewed with respect to paleogeography and sequence-stratigraphy in six different basins. Conditions at the ancient seafloor are explored by means of sedimentary facies analysis, taphonomy and multivariate techniques applied to a large quantitative dataset of benthic molluscs. MM is rare or absent in most basins during the Zanclean, except in one basin, and most abundant in Piacenzian deposits in all six basins. MM occurs preferentially in fine-grained, shelfal highstand-deposits of small-scale depositional sequences, or at condensed horizons of the maximum flooding interval. It is rare in shallow marine paleonvironments and nearly absent in bathyal paleosettings. Paleogeographic and paleoecological evidence and a comparison with modern patterns of marine upwelling suggest that a wedge of nutrient-rich waters sustained in the offshore during the Pliocene a high biomass of primary producers and a community of apex consumers and mesopredators, similarly to the modern northwestern Mediterranean Sea, with a species-richness higher than the modern and a more complex trophic structure. The highest MM diversity coincides with the mid-Piacenzian warm period, suggesting that facies control does not obscure a link between climate and diversity. We underline however that not all marine environments were suitable for marine mammal preservation. Buoyant carcasses were preferentially dismembered and destroyed in high-energy shallow waters, with the possible exception of delta front deposits, where sudden sediment input occasionally buried pristine carcasses. We hypothesise that carcasses sunken on the seafloor below the shelf break underwent destruction through the activity of a whale-fall biota of modern type, specialised in the consumption of decomposing tissues, both soft and mineralised. A taphonomic window was left between storm wave base and the shelf break. Here water pressure is high enough to prevent the formation of decomposing gases and the resurfacing of carcasses, while the lack of a specialised whale-fall biota slows down bone degradation with respect to deeper settings. Sedimentation rate was high enough to cover skeletal material before its complete destruction. An estimate of paleobathymetries based on multivariate techniques suggests that the preferential depth for the inclusion of MM in the fossil record was 30–300 m. The results are compared with major Mesozoic and Cenozoic MM records worldwide. Available evidence suggests that the late Neogene radiation of large whales, true ecosystem engineers, and their size increase, triggered the radiation of a bone-eating fauna that hampered, and hampers, MM preservation in the deep sea. Stratigraphic paleobiology and an ecosystem-level approach deliver useful insights to the nature of the fossil record.
  Metaxytherium subapenninum, 7-8, 14, 16, 18, 21, 24.
Domning, Daryl Paul: SEE ALSO Aranda-Manteca et al., 1994; Bajpai & Domning, 1997; Barnes et al., 1985; Bradley et al., 1983; Brandt, J. F., 1974; Buffrénil et al., 1990; Bullock et al., 1977, 1980, 1981; Delaney et al., 1985; Donovan et al., 1990; Farmer et al., 1979a, 1979b; Garcia-Rodriguez et al., 1998; Gingerich et al., 1994; Goodwin et al., 1998; Haley, D., 1980; Hoffmann & Domning (eds.), 1998; Inuzuka et al., 1995; Ketten et al., 1992; Marine Mammal Commission, 1986; Muizon & Domning, 1985; Packard, Rathbun et al., 1984; Pervesler et al., 2000; Ray & Domning, 1986; Ray et al., 1994; Savage et al., 1994; Shikama & Domning, 1970; Takahashi et al., 1979, 1986; Thewissen & Domning, 1992; Toledo & Domning, 1991; Williams & Domning, 2004; Appendix 1, _Sirenews_. (detail)
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1971a
Sirenians as guide fossils in West Coast Late Tertiary correlation - a prospectus. [Abstr.]
Geol. Soc. Amer. Abstrs. With Programs (Cordilleran Section, Riverside, Calif.) 3(2): 110-111. Feb. 1971 (read Mar. 27, 1971).
–Reviews known Pacific history of hydrodamalines and suggests their possible stratigraphic utility. The new combination Metaxytherium allisoni is used (110), and the Subfamily Hydrodamalinae is expanded in usage to include Miocene forms.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1971b
Sirenian evolution in the North Pacific and the origin of Steller's sea cow.
Proc. 7th Ann. Conf. Biol. Sonar & Diving Mammals (Menlo Park, Calif., Stanford Research Institute): 217-220. Read Oct. 24, 1970.
–Proposes a hypothetical history of hydrodamaline evolution in response to cooling of climate. Suggests that the extermination of Hydrodamalis by aborigines influenced the development of North Pacific aboriginal whaling.
x
D
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1972a
Sirenians and desmostylians in West Coast Miocene stratigraphy.
Proc. Pacif. Coast Mioc. Biostrat. Symp. (47th Ann. Pacif. Sect. Convention, Soc. Econ. Paleont. Mineral., Bakersfield, Calif., Mar. 9-10, 1972): 146-149. 1 fig. Read Mar. 10, 1972.
–Abstr.: Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 57(2): 432, Feb. 1973. Summarizes geographic and stratigraphic distributions of North Pacific desmostylians and sirs., discusses their use in stratigraphy, and points out a discrepancy in southern California geological mapping.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1972b
Steller's sea cow and the origin of North Pacific aboriginal whaling.
Syesis 5: 187-189.
–Suggests that prehistoric human predation on Hydrodamalis not only led to the latter's extermination on the Asian and American mainlands, but also aided in the development of whaling technology by North Pacific natives.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1974
Fossil seacows of the Southeast.
Rocky Echoes (Jackson, Miss., Mississippi Gem & Mineral Soc.) 14(7): 7-9. Jan. 1974.
–Pop. acc. of the stratigraphic and geographic distribution of fossil sirs. in the southeastern USA and Caribbean.
x
D
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1975
Ecology and evolution of North Pacific sirenians. [Abstr.]
Amer. Zool. 15(3): 824. Summer 1975 (read to Soc. Syst. Zool., Aug. 21, 1975).
–Abstr. of Domning (1977b). Proposes that Metaxytherium allisoni, a bottom-feeder, died out due to a decline of North Pacific seagrasses and competition with desmostylians; a surface-feeding dugongid lineage, in contrast, gave rise to the kelp-eating Hydrodamalis.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1977a
Observations on the myology of Dugong dugon (Müller).
Smithson. Contrib. Zool. No. 226: iii + 57. 2 tabs. 54 figs. Jan. 5, 1977.
–The skeletal muscles of a female Palauan dugong are described, illustrated (with maps of muscle attachments), and compared with other published descriptions of manatee and dugong musculature. Body measurements and data on skin thickness are also given, and the functional anatomy of the facial region, jaws, spine, and flippers is discussed. (For corrigenda, see Domning, 1978a: 56.) In overall body form, dugongs appear to be more specialized and efficient swimmers than manatees. The chief myological differences are in the shoulder region.
x
D
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1977b
An ecological model for Late Tertiary sirenian evolution in the North Pacific Ocean.
Syst. Zool. 25(4): 352-362. 5 figs. "Dec. 1976" (publ. Feb. 8, 1977; read Aug. 21, 1975).
–Abstr.: Domning (1975). Outlines a set of principles and postulates for interpreting sir. paleoecology; briefly describes the phyletic history of North Pacific sirs.; and summarizes the interpretations presented in detail in Domning (1978b) regarding their diet, functional anatomy, possible competition with desmostylians, evolutionary pattern, and the role of North Pacific paleogeographic and climatic change in their evolution.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1977c
Criar filhotes de peixe-boi pode ser um mal negócio para você e para o filhote de peixe-boi.
A Crítica (Manaus, Brasil), Aug. 7, 1977, Vida, p. 3. 3 figs.
–Feature in the Sunday magazine supplement of a Manaus newspaper. Condemns the practice, by wealthy citizens of Manaus, of buying orphaned T. inunguis calves as "pets", and describes the intensive efforts required to keep such animals alive and the history of such efforts at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1978a
The myology of the Amazonian manatee, Trichechus inunguis (Natterer) (Mammalia: Sirenia).
Acta Amazonica 8(2), Supl. 1: 1-81. 8 tabs. 50 figs. June 1978.
–Portuguese summ. The skeletal muscles of several young Amazonian manatees are described, illustrated (with maps of muscle attachments), and compared with those of other sirs. The functional anatomy of the bristles of the upper lip, the nostrils, jaws, neck, and forelimb is discussed (57-71); a vector analysis of jaw mechanics is presented (57-67), as are data on muscle weights (67) and corrigenda to Domning, 1977a (56). Interspecific myological differences among manatees seem to be confined to the mm. rectus capitis lateralis and biceps brachii. The jaw apparatus is dominated by a very large temporalis muscle, which produces unresolved forces that are resisted at a joint between the mandible and the strong pterygoid process. T. inunguis is more specialized for surface-feeding and swimming than T. manatus.
x
D
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1978b
Sirenian evolution in the North Pacific Ocean.
Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol. Sci. 118: xi + 176. 27 tabs. 37 figs. 18 pls. Sept. 8, 1978.
–Summarizes all available information on sirs. from the North Pacific basin and describes all known sir. fossils from that region, listing (in an appendix) their locality data and associated faunas, and interprets their paleoecology, functional anatomy, and phylogeny. The contents of the former dugongid subfamily Halianassinae are redistributed between the Halitheriinae and the expanded and redefined Hydrodamalinae. Seven sir. species are recognized in the North Pacific, including one halitheriine (Dioplotherium allisoni, n.comb.; Middle Miocene) and six hydrodamalines: Dusisiren, n.gen., D. reinharti, n.sp. (Middle Miocene), D. Sp. B (new; Late Miocene), D. jordani, n.comb. (Late Miocene-Early Pliocene), D. Sp. D (new; Early Pliocene), Hydrodamalis cuestae, n.sp. (Middle-Late Pliocene), and H. gigas (Pleistocene-Recent). The hydrodamalines are interpreted to constitute a single, unbranching evolutionary lineage which progressively adapted to colder and more exposed habitats and a diet of kelp. Possible competitive interactions between North Pacific sirs. and desmostylians are also discussed. Reviews data on the historical distribution of H. gigas, and concludes that it was in fact exterminated ca. A.D. 1768. Includes (163-165) translations by George V. Shkurkin of two Russian eyewitness accounts of Hydrodamalis-hunting on Bering Island (by P. Yakovlev, 1754-55, and S. Cherepanov, 1759-60) which had not previously been published in English.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BE76A8A9-7924-4C97-A099-0BD35D26A269
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1978c
Sirenia. Chap. 28 in: V. J. Maglio & H. B. S. Cooke (eds.), Evolution of African mammals.
Cambridge & London, Harvard Univ. Press (xiii + 641 pp.): 573-581. 1 fig.
–Reviews the sir. fossil record, emphasizing occurrences in Africa and Madagascar, and presents a simplified phylogeny of sirs. For update, see Domning et al., 2010.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1980
Feeding position preference in manatees (Trichechus).
Jour. Mamm. 61(3): 544-547. 2 tabs. Aug. 20, 1980.
–Experiments comparing feeding behavior of captive T. inunguis and T. m. latirostris showed that both prefer to feed as low as possible in the water column. This is interpreted to mean that all sirs., due to their subterminal mouths and regardless of rostral deflection, find it more energetically efficient to feed lower in the water column. This in turn suggests a possible selective value for evolutionary changes in rostral deflection.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1981a
Distribution and status of manatees Trichechus spp. near the mouth of the Amazon River, Brazil.
Biol. Conserv. 19(2): 85-97. 3 figs. Jan. 1981.
–Concludes that the range of T. manatus in Brazil is disjunct (north and south of the Amazon), with T. inunguis occurring in the Amazon estuaries; the ranges of the two species are nearly or entirely mutually exclusive. Also provides notes on food plants, hunting and utilization, and conservation of manatees in the region.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1981b
Manatees of the Amazon.
Sea Frontiers 27(1): 18-23. 3 figs. Jan.-Feb. 1981.
–Notice: Oro-Bio (Mag. of Dental Res. Inst., Univ. of California, Los Angeles) 3(1): 1-2, 1 fig., Fall 1981. Pop. acc. of research on T. inunguis at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Brazil.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1981c
Manati Steller, 1774 and Trichechus exunguis (Natterer in Diesing, 1839) (Mammalia, Sirenia): proposal to place these names on the Official Indexes of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology.
Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 38(2): 130-133. Apr. 30, 1981.
–Also proposes placing Hydrodamalis Retzius, 1794 and H. gigas (Zimmermann, 1780) on the Official Lists of valid names. These proposals were accepted; see Opinion 1320 (R.V. Melville, 1985).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1981d
Sea cows and sea grasses.
Paleobiology 7(4): 417-420. Dec. 17, 1981.
–Discusses the use of the sir. fossil record in constructing hypotheses about the evolution of marine and freshwater floras in the Caribbean, North Pacific, South America, and Mediterranean.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1982a
Commercial exploitation of manatees Trichechus in Brazil c. 1785-1973.
Biol. Conserv. 22(2): 101-126. 12 tabs. 1 fig. Feb. 1982.
–Compilation and analysis of published statistics on commerce in meat, lard, and hides of T. inunguis. Records of meat-hunting of T. manatus in Alagoas (in 1959) and Bahia (in 1964) are also noted.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1982b
Evolution of manatees: a speculative history.
Jour. Paleont. 56(3): 599-619. 9 figs. May 1982.
–Reviews all records of fossil trichechids and possible trichechids, and proposes an evolutionary scenario for the family, based on Tertiary changes in South American drainage patterns and the evolution of floating meadows. Reports new material of: Potamosiren sp., Miocene, Colombia (601-602); Ribodon limbatus, Miocene, Argentina (602-603); Ribodon sp., ?Pliocene, North Carolina (604); Trichechus sp., Plio-Pleistocene, Brazil (603-604) and Florida (604-605) and Pleistocene, Louisiana (605). Illustrates for the first time Funderburg's (1960) Pleistocene Trichechus from North Carolina (605). Discusses the homology of cheek teeth in Trichechus (607-608), the importance of a gramineous diet in the manatees' evolution of horizontal tooth replacement (609-612), possible trichechid-dugongid competition in the Caribbean (613-614), and the present adaptive status of manatees (615-616). Suggests that root hypsodonty in Dugong is recently evolved (614). Concludes that trichechids probably evolved in South America from a protosirenid ancestor, and adapted there to a diet of freshwater grasses by the evolution of supernumerary molars.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1982c
Fossil Sirenia from the Sahabi Formation.
Garyounis Scientific Bull. (Benghazi) Special Issue No. 4: 29-32. 2 figs.
–Reports Metaxytherium serresii from the Early Pliocene Sahabi Formation, Libya, and suggests that this species was dwarfed due to suboptimal conditions for seagrasses in the post-Messinian Mediterranean.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1983
Marching teeth of the manatee.
Nat. Hist. (New York) 92(5): 8, 10-11. 1 fig. May 1983.
–Pop. acc. of tooth replacement, dental adaptation, and evolution of manatees and their possible competition with extinct Caribbean dugongids.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1984a
Sea cow discovery.
Nature (London) 308(5959): 500. Apr. 5, 1984.
–Comments on V. Rich (1983), pointing out the potential importance of a supposedly associated Hydrodamalis skeleton found on Bering Island in view of the incomplete knowledge of the species' osteology.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1984b
Sea cows of the Chesapeake Bay.
Bugeye Times (Calvert Marine Museum, Solomons, Maryland) 9(1): 5-6. 1 fig. Spring 1984.
–Pop. acc. of Metaxytherium calvertense and other fossil and Recent sirs. recorded from the Chesapeake area.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1984c
Fossil sirenians from the Pamunkey River, Virginia. In: L. W. Ward & K. Krafft (eds.), Stratigraphy and paleontology of the outcropping Tertiary beds in the Pamunkey River region, central Virginia coastal plain.
Atlantic Coastal Plain Geol. Assoc. (Guidebook, 1984 Field Trip, Oct. 6-7, 1984): 224-225. 1 pl.
–Reports sir. remains resembling Metaxytherium calvertense from the Middle Miocene Calvert Formation on the Pamunkey River.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1985a
Potential biochronologic utility of European sirenians. [Abstr.]
Abstrs. VIIIth Congress, Regional Committee on Mediterranean Neogene Stratigraphy, Symposium on European Late Cenozoic Mineral Resources (Budapest, 15-22 Sept. 1985): 183.
–Points out that the European species of Halitherium and Metaxytherium appear to form an Oligocene-Pliocene sequence of chronospecies having potential use in stratigraphic correlation.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1985b
Habitat protection: the only hope.
Save the Manatee Club News (Florida Dept. Nat. Resources & Florida Audubon Soc.), Dec. 1985: [2].
–Essay on the need to protect manatee habitat in Florida.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1987a
Sea cow family reunion.
Nat. Hist. (New York) 96(4): 64, 66-71. 2 figs. Apr. 1987.
–Pop. acc. of the history of study, paleoecology, and evolution of the Sirenia of the North Pacific Ocean.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1987b
Halianassa studeri von Meyer, 1838 (Mammalia, Sirenia): proposed designation of a neotype, and proposed conservation of Halitherium Kaup, 1838 by designation of a type species.
Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 44(2): 122-125. June 1987.
–In order to suppress the name Halianassa studeri, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature is asked to designate as its neotype the holotype of Pugmeodon schinzii, and to designate P. schinzii as type species of Halitherium, thereby making Halianassa studeri a junior objective synonym of Halitherium schinzii. The formal rejection of the names Halianassa and studeri is requested, as well as a ruling that the correct original spelling of Halytherium be deemed to be Halitherium. These proposals were accepted; see Opinion 1535 (ICZN, 1989).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1987c
How long have manatees been in Florida?
Save the Manatee Club News (Florida Dept. Nat. Resources & Florida Audubon Soc.), Aug. 1987: [1-2].
–Brief pop. acc. of the sir. fossil record in Florida, showing that (contrary to a current rumor) manatees were not recently introduced into the state. See also Domning (2005).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1988
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. I. Metaxytherium floridanum Hay, 1922.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 8(4): 395-426. 12 tabs. 12 figs. Dec. 14, 1988.
–Describes the history of study of fossil sirs. from the Bone Valley area, Polk and Hillsborough Cos., Florida; the geology and age of the Bone Valley deposits; the osteology of a large sample of M. floridanum from Bone Valley and a few specimens from elsewhere in Florida; and the phylogenetic relationships of the species. M. floridanum is considered to be Middle-Late Miocene in age, and a senior synonym of M. ossivallense. Reports of M. calvertense and "Hesperosiren" in the Bone Valley Formation actually pertain to M. floridanum.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1989a
Kelp evolution: a comment.
Paleobiology 15(1): 53-56. "Winter 1989" (mailed June 13, 1989).
–Comments on Estes & Steinberg (1988), arguing that kelps radiated prior to the Middle Miocene and were subject to intense marine-mammal herbivory from the Late Oligocene on. See also Estes & Steinberg (1989).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1989b
Fossil sirenians from the Suwannee River, Florida and Georgia. In: G.S. Morgan (ed.), Miocene paleontology and stratigraphy of the Suwannee River basin of north Florida and south Georgia.
Southeastern Geol. Soc. Guidebook No. 30: 54-60. 2 figs. Oct. 7, 1989.
–Describes the discoveries, relationships, and probable feeding habits of "Halitherium" olseni, Dioplotherium manigaulti, and Metaxytherium sp. found in the Miocene of the Suwannee River basin. See also G. S. Morgan (1989).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1989c
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. II. Dioplotherium manigaulti Cope, 1883.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 9(4): 415-428. 2 tabs. 6 figs. Dec. 19, 1989.
–Describes the history of study of fossil sirs. from the South Carolina phosphate beds; the age of beds in South Carolina and Florida yielding Dioplotherium; the osteology of available specimens of D. manigaulti, including a skull from the Lower Miocene of Florida; and the cladistic relationships of the species, which is formally referred to the Rytiodontinae together with Rytiodus and "Halitherium" olseni. Rytiodontines are hypothesized to have fed primarily on large seagrass rhizomes, and a similar adaptation is suggested for the ancestors of Dugong dugon.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1989d
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. III. Xenosiren yucateca, gen. et sp. nov.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 9(4): 429-437. 1 tab. 7 figs. Dec. 19, 1989.
–Describes a partial skull from the Upper Miocene or Lower Pliocene of Yucatan, Mexico; it is considered a rytiodontine and a direct descendant of Dioplotherium. Its cranial specializations are interpreted as adaptations for uprooting seagrass rhizomes using both jaws and tusks.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DC4F2A71-A983-481D-B064-64381E78A7C8
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1990a
Sirenian rhizivory studies. In: L. W. Lefebvre & J. A. Powell, Jr., Manatee grazing impacts on seagrasses in Hobe Sound and Jupiter Sound in southeast Florida during the winter of 1988-89.
NTIS Document No. PB 90-271883 (vi + 36): 34-36.
–Describes observations and experiments conducted to determine how thoroughly manatees can excavate and remove seagrass rhizomes, and how effective tusks of extinct dugongids might have been for this purpose. Results of experiments on the latter topic were published by Domning & Beatty (2007).
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1990b
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. IV. Corystosiren varguezi, gen. et sp. nov.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 10(3): 361-371. 1 tab. 4 figs. Sept. 20, 1990.
–Describes a skull from the Early Pliocene of Yucatan, and skull fragments and tusks from possibly correlative deposits in Florida. The new form is considered a rytiodontine and possible sister taxon of Rytiodus.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1991a
Sexual and ontogenetic variation in the pelvic bones of Dugong dugon (Sirenia).
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 7(3): 311-316. 2 figs. July 1991 (mailed Aug. 15, 1991).
–Describes variation in innominate bones of 41 male and 29 female dugongs from Queensland, and presents a key for assigning such bones to broad categories of sex, age, and sexual maturity.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1991b
A new genus for Halitherium olseni Reinhart, 1976 (Mammalia: Sirenia).
Jour. Vert. Pal. 11(3): 398. Sept. 30, 1991.
–Names and diagnoses the new genus Crenatosiren, and creates the new combination C. olseni.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DCCD0F6A-B948-439D-9AC4-043D80102E96
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1991c
Why save the manatee? In: J. E. Reynolds, III & D. K. Odell, Manatees and dugongs.
New York, Facts on File (xiv + 192): 167-173. Oct. 1991.
–An essay based on ideas originally outlined by Domning in Sirenews No. 3: 1-4 (April 1985). Lists and discusses a graded series of reasons for protecting manatees and other endangered species and their habitats.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1993a
[Letter to the editor.]
Nat. Hist. 102(9): 2. "Sept. 1993" (mailed Aug. 1993).
–Points out that Steller's sea cow and not the blaauwbock was the first "large-bodied mammalian species" to become extinct in historic times, contrary to a statement by S. J. Gould.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1994a
West Indian tuskers.
Nat. Hist. (New York) 103(4): 72-73. 1 fig. Apr. 1994.
–Errata: Nat. Hist. 103(5): 6, May 1994. Pop. acc. of fossil dugongines and other sirs. in the Caribbean and their implications for the paleoecology and evolution of seagrass communities.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1994b
A phylogenetic analysis of the Sirenia. In: A. Berta & T. A. Deméré (eds.), Contributions in marine mammal paleontology honoring Frank C. Whitmore, Jr.
Proc. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 29: 177-189. 2 tabs. 4 figs. May 1, 1994.
–Revs.: S. A. McLeod, Jour. Vert. Pal. 16(1): 183-185, Mar. 19, 1996; J. E. Heyning, Mar. Mamm. Sci. 12(2): 326-329, "Apr. 1996" (publ. Mar. 29, 1996). Presents the results of a cladistic analysis of 36 species and subspecies of sirs. using cranial and dental characters. Formally refers the subfamily Miosireninae to the Trichechidae, and introduces the name Trichechinae for the remaining trichechids. Dugong dugon is placed within the clade previously called the Rytiodontinae, and the senior name Dugonginae is extended to include this entire clade. A revised provisional classification of the Sirenia is presented.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:718B06CF-3876-4FEA-864A-AC940980DC2C
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1995
What do we know about the evolution of the dugong? In: Mermaid Symposium: First International Symposium on Dugong and Manatees. November 15-17, 1995, Toba, Mie, Japan. Abstracts.
Toba (Japan), Toba Aquarium: 23-24.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1996a
Bibliography and index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia.
Smithson. Contrib. Paleobiol. No. 80: iii + 611. Frontisp. July 25, 1996.
–The first publication of the present database. Lists approximately 4,590 titles alphabetically by author; many entries annotated. Covers the neobiology, paleobiology, and ethnobiology of the Sirenia and Desmostylia, 1494-1994. The index employs 1,059 subject headings and cross references, including all Linnean names and combinations ever used for sirs. and desmostylians, plus names of all reported sir. food plants and parasites. More than 40% of the main entries are fully indexed, and many others are partially indexed, yielding over 13,950 index entries, most of which are themselves annotated and include page references. Six appendices list serial publications devoted to the Sirenia, additional sources for the history of sirenology and sir. conservation, and coins and postage stamps depicting sirs., and provide a classification and synonymy of the Sirenia and Desmostylia, a summary of the nomenclature of the Recent sirs., and an alphabetical list of species-group names of sirs. and desmostylians.
  Only original nomenclatural acts appearing for the first time in this publication are indexed here. These comprise new synonymies of Halitherium schinzii lareolensis Pilleri with H. schinzii (Kaup) (385), of Metaxytherium riveroi Varona with M. crataegense (Simpson) (386), of M. krahuletzi excelsum Pilleri with M. krahuletzi Depéret (386), of M. catalaunicum Pilleri with M. medium (Desmarest) (387), and of Prototherium solei Pilleri and P. montserratense Pilleri with "P." intermedium Bizzotto (388); also emendation of the spelling of "Metaxytherium" kachchhense Bajpai, Singh, and Singh (386).
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1996b
Common patterns of evolution among ungulates evolving into marine mammals: examples from Cetacea and Sirenia. (Abstr.) In: J. E. Repetski (ed.), Sixth North American Paleontological Convention Abstracts of Papers. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. June 9-June 12, 1996.
Pal. Soc. Special Publ. No. 8: 105. Read June 12, 1996.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1997a
Sirenia. Chap. 23 in: R. F. Kay, R. H. Madden, R. L. Cifelli, & J. J. Flynn (eds.), Vertebrate paleontology in the Neotropics: the Miocene fauna of La Venta, Colombia.
Washington & London, Smithsonian Inst. Press (xv + 592): 383-391. 4 figs.
–Spanish summ. Describes new sir. specimens from the Middle Miocene of Colombia, referring all the La Venta specimens (including the holotype of Metaxytherium ortegense Kellogg, 1966) to Potamosiren magdalenensis Reinhart, 1951. A Late Miocene tooth from the Río Acre (Brazil-Peru border) described by Frailey (1986) is interpreted as a fourth lower deciduous premolar of Ribodon. Potamosiren is considered ancestral to all other trichechines, and its thick molar enamel is interpreted as an adaptation to eating soft but increasingly abrasive aquatic plants.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1997b
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. VI. Crenatosiren olseni (Reinhart, 1976).
Jour. Vert. Pal. 17(2): 397-412. 9 tabs. 9 figs. June 19, 1997.
–Redescribes the species on the basis of the holotype and new material from the Late Olig. of Florida and South and North Carolina. It is regarded as the most primitive member of the Dugonginae and the sister group of all other known dugongines. This subfamily evidently arose in the West Atlantic-Caribbean region during the Oligocene.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1997c
Marine mammals. In: F. F. Steininger, S. Iaccarino, & F. Cati (eds.), In search of the Paleogene/Neogene boundary. Part 3: The global stratotype section and point. The GSSP for the base of the Neogene (the Paleogene/Neogene boundary).
Giornale di Geologia (3)58(1/2): 177-180.
–Briefly discusses the biostratigraphic utility of the lineages of Cetacea, Pinnipedia, Sirenia, and Desmostylia that are known to have ranged across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary. Considers the fossil records of these taxa to be insufficiently known for them to be used for more than crude stratigraphic correlations.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1999a
Fossils explained 24: Sirenians (seacows).
Geology Today 15(2): 75-79. 6 figs. Mar.-Apr. 1999.
–Gen. acc. of sirs. and their fossil record and evolutionary history.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1999b
Endangered species: the common denominator. Chap. 15 in: J. R. Twiss, Jr. & R. R. Reeves (eds.), Conservation and management of marine mammals.
Washington & London, Smithsonian Inst. Press (xi + 471 pp.): 332-341. Sept. 1999.
–Rev.: P. Shaughnessy, Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16(4): 843, Oct. 3, 2000.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1999c
Sirenians. In: R. Singer (ed.), Encyclopedia of paleontology. Vol. 2: M-Z.
Chicago & London, Fitzroy Dearborn Publs. (xiii + 689-1435): 1089-1090.
–Vol. 1 = pp. xix + 1-687. Short gen. acc. of sirs. and sir. evolution.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
1999d
Oligocene Sirenia of the Caribbean region. Appendix 1 (p. 29) in: H. L. Dixon & S. K. Donovan. Report of a field meeting to the area around Browns Town, parish of St. Ann, north-central Jamaica, 21st February, 1998.... with appendices by Daryl P. Domning and Paul D. Taylor.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Jamaica 33: 24-30.
–Summarizes the Oligocene sir. taxa recorded from the wider Caribbean region, and reports Late Olig. rib frags. from the Browns Town Formation.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2000
The readaptation of Eocene sirenians to life in water. In: J.-M. Mazin, V. de Buffrénil, & P. Vignaud (eds.), Secondary adaptation of tetrapods to life in water.
Historical Biology (Special Issue) 14(1-2): 115-119. 1 fig.
–Describes in general terms the evolution of hydrostatic and hydrodynamic locomotor and diving adaptations in sirs., tracing the changes in gross body form exhibited by the four families and comparing them with convergent changes seen in contemporary cetaceans.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2001a
Sirenians, seagrasses, and Cenozoic ecological change in the Caribbean. In: W. Miller III & S. E. Walker (eds.), Cenozoic palaeobiology: the last 65 million years of biotic stasis and change.
Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. (Special Issue) 166(1-2): 27-50. 2 figs. Feb. 1, 2001.
 
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2001b
Evolution of the Sirenia and Desmostylia. In: J.-M. Mazin & V. de Buffrénil (eds.), Secondary adaptation of tetrapods to life in water.
Munich, Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil (367 pp.): 151-168. 7 figs. Apr. 10, 2001?
–Review: B. L. Beatty, Jour. Vert. Pal. 23(2): 474-475, June 17, 2003.
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2001c
The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian.
Nature (London) 413(6856): 625-627. 2 figs. https://doi.org/10.1038/35098072 Oct. 11, 2001.
–Notices: New Scientist No. 2312: 27, Oct. 13, 2001; C. Reed, Geotimes 46(12): 8, 1 fig., Dec. 2001; C. Sagne, Universalia (Encyclopaedia Universalis France, Paris): 282, 1 fig., 2002; S. K. Donovan, Geology Today 18(2): 42, Mar./Apr. 2002; D. R. Prothero, Geotimes 47(7): 24, July 2002; Science Year (The World Book Annual Science Supplement) 2003: 245, 1 fig., 2002. Domning et al. Jour. Vert. Paleontology 21:45A, Jan. 2001 (abstr.).
  Describes Pezosiren portelli n.gen. n.sp., a prorastomid from the early Middle Eocene of Jamaica.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:873AB4C9-05D8-48A4-B93D-DBDD00B9FB5D
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2001d
Supposedly unique features of the desmostylian tibia are also found in other mammals.
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. 2: 23-26. 1 tab. 1 fig. Mar. 30, 2001.
–Compares the tibiae of desmostylians with those of diverse fossil & Recent mammals, with regard to torsion of the tibia and tilt of the ankle joint relative to the axis of the tibial shaft. Concludes that desmostylians are not outside the range of variation in these characters seen in other mammals, and were probably adapted for slow ambulatory locomotion on land.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2001e
Sirenia (dugongs and manatees). In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.
London, Macmillan.
–Also published online in Aug. 2000; online version revised in March 2004, March 2005, and March 2012.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2002a
New "intermediate form" ties seacows firmly to land.
Repts. Natl. Center for Science Education (Berkeley, Cal.) 21(5-6): 38-42. 1 fig. "Sept.-Dec. 2001" [mailed Mar. 2002].
–Describes how Pezosiren portelli and other fossil sirs. demonstrate the fact of major evolutionary change in a group of mammals.
 
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2002b
The terrestrial posture of desmostylians. In: R.J. Emry (ed.), Cenozoic mammals of land and sea: tributes to the career of Clayton E. Ray.
Smithson. Contr. Paleobiol. 93: 99-111. 6 figs. Dec. 18, 2002.
 
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Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2002c
Desmostylia. In: W.F. Perrin, B. Würsig, & J.G.M. Thewissen (eds.), Encyclopedia of marine mammals.
San Diego, Academic Press (xxxviii + 1414): 319-322. 1 tab. 2 figs.
–Ed. 2 (2009): pp. 307-310.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2002d
Sirenian evolution. In: W.F. Perrin, B. Würsig, & J.G.M. Thewissen (eds.), Encyclopedia of marine mammals.
San Diego, Academic Press (xxxviii + 1414): 1083-1086. 3 figs.
–Ed. 2 (2009): pp. 1016-1019, 4 figs. Ed. 3 (2018): pp. 856-859, 4 figs.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2002e
Sirenia. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Ed. 9.
Apr. 16, 2002.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2005
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. VII. Pleistocene Trichechus manatus Linnaeus, 1758.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 25(3): 685-701. 4 tabs. 8 figs. https://doi.org/10.1671/0272-4634(2005)025[0685:FSOTWA]2.0.CO;2 Sept. 30, 2005.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2008b
Sirenia. Chap. 36 in: C.M. Janis, G.F. Gunnell, & M.D. Uhen (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America. Vol. 2: Small mammals, xenarthrans, and marine mammals.
Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press (viii + 795): 629-638. 3 figs. June 12, 2008.
 
D
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2008c
Desmostylia. Chap. 37 in: C.M. Janis, G.F. Gunnell, & M.D. Uhen (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America. Vol. 2: Small mammals, xenarthrans, and marine mammals.
Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press (viii + 795): 639-644. 3 figs. June 12, 2008.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2012
The early years of the Amazonian manatee project at INPA, Manaus, Brazil.
Aquatic Mammals 38(2): 204-222. 11 figs.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2013
Order Sirenia – Dugongs, Manatees. In: J. Kingdon, D. Happold, M. Hoffmann, T. Butynski, M. Happold, & J. Kalina (eds.), Mammals of Africa. Volume I. Introductory Chapters and Afrotheria.
London, Bloomsbury Publishing: 201-202. 3 figs. Feb. 2013.
–Introduction to the sir. chapter; subsequent parts of the chapter (pp. 203-212) are by J. E. Reynolds III, H. Marsh, P. Dutton, and J. A. Powell, Jr. Illustrations include sketches by J. Kingdon.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2018
Fossil Sirenia (Mammalia) of the Miocene Chesapeake Group, Eastern United States. In S. J. Godfrey (ed.), The geology and vertebrate paleontology of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland, USA.
Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology No. 100: 241-265. 3 tabs. 9 figs.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2021
Case 3829 – Halitherium Kaup, 1838 and Halitherium schinzii (Kaup, 1838) (Mammalia, Sirenia): proposed conservation of current usage by designation of a neotype for Halitherium schinzii.
Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 78: 167-174. Dec. 30, 2021.
–ABSTRACT: The purpose of this application, under Article 75.5 of the Code, is to conserve the current usage of the generic name Halitherium Kaup, 1838 and the specifc name of its type species, Pugmeodon schinzii Kaup, 1838 (currently Halitherium schinzii), for a taxon of fossil sirenian from Europe by designating a neotype for this nominal species. This is in response to a recent contention that, as nomina dubia, these two names are inapplicable to the two sympatric species of this genus purported to occur around the type locality of H. schinzii in the Mainz Basin and elsewhere in Europe. The existing holotype is an isolated premolar that is not unambiguously determinable to species, but the name Halitherium schinzii has been used in a substantial body of literature extending over nearly two centuries, to the near exclusion of other names, and without taxonomic ambiguity because of reference to other specimens than the type. The desired ends can be attained without sacrifcing stability of nomenclature by designating the most suitable reference specimen as the neotype of Pugmeodon schinzii Kaup, 1838 under the plenary power and continuing to use the name Kaupitherium bronni (Krauss, 1858), with its own, different name-bearing type, for the other species.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2022
What can we infer about the behavior of extinct sirenians? Chap. 1 in: H. Marsh (ed.), Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sirenia.
Springer Nature Switzerland: 1-17. 3 figs.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Buffrénil, Vivian de (detail)
   
1991
Hydrostasis in the Sirenia: quantitative data and functional interpretations.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 7(4): 331-368. 5 tabs. 18 figs. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.1991.tb00111.x Oct. 1991.
–Analyzes the distribution of skeletal mass in T. m. latirostris and the positions of the centers of gravity and buoyancy in T. inunguis, concluding that increased volume and density of bones (= "pachyosteosclerosis", a term introduced here) do indeed serve in sirs. as ballast to maintain horizontal trim and neutral buoyancy. The design and position of the lungs also seem to serve this purpose. Selection for maintenance of trim and maximization of turning moments of the flippers may help account, respectively, for loss of hind limbs and shortening of the neck. The gross anatomy of a sir. (T. inunguis) is illustrated in serial cross sections for the first time. Summarizes the distribution of pachyosteosclerosis in various fossil sirs., and concludes that this condition is fully adaptive and in no sense "pathological".
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Clark, James M. (detail)
   
1993
Jamaican Tertiary marine Vertebrata. In: R. M. Wright & E. Robinson (eds.), Biostratigraphy of Jamaica.
Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 182: 413-415. Dec. 1993.
–Reviews the occurrences of Prorastomus sirenoides in Early and Middle Eocene rocks of Jamaica (414).
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Deméré, Thomas A. (detail)
   
1984
New material of Hydrodamalis cuestae (Mammalia: Dugongidae) from the Miocene and Pliocene of San Diego County, California.
Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 20(12): 169-188. 4 tabs. 7 figs. Nov. 20, 1984.
–Reviews the geology and biostratigraphy of the San Mateo and San Diego Formations, and describes new cranial and postcranial specimens of H. cuestae from both; confirms the supposed abnormality of the holotype and the large size of the species in the southern part of its range.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Frye, Fredric L. (detail)
   
1975
Pathology of two fossil sea cows (Mammalia: Sirenia).
PaleoBios (Berkeley, Univ. Calif. Mus. Pal.) No. 18: 1-4. 2 pls. July 10, 1975.
–Reprinted in a bound vol. of the early issues of PaleoBios, 1980. Describes fractures, osteomyelitis, and ossifying spondylosis in Metaxytherium jordani and osteitis deformans or osteitis fibrosa in Hydrodamalis n.sp. from California.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Furusawa, Hitoshi (detail)
   
1995
Summary of taxa and distribution of Sirenia in the North Pacific Ocean.
The Island Arc 3(4): 506-512. "Dec. 1994" (publ. Nov. 1995).
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Gingerich, Philip D. (detail)
   
1994
Protosiren smithae, new species (Mammalia, Sirenia), from the late Middle Eocene of Wadi Hitan, Egypt.
Contr. Mus. Pal. Univ. Michigan 29(3): 69-87. 3 tabs. 11 figs. Nov. 30, 1994.
–urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:ECD2ED1E-6AAD-4691-B33A-FC40E818E9A4
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Hayek, Lee-Ann C. (detail)
   
1984
Horizontal tooth replacement in the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis).
Mammalia (Paris) 48(1): 105-127. 7 tabs. 7 figs. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.1984.48.1.105 Mar. 5, 1984.
–French summ. Analysis of tooth-loss data from captive manatees indicates rates of tooth movement on the order of 1 mm/month. The rates vary directly with food (especially grass) consumption, and are probably controlled by the mechanical stress of chewing. The replacement process seems adapted to a diet that is both tough and abrasive, and does not work as well when (as in Florida manatees) these two factors are decoupled.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Hayek, Lee-Ann C. (detail)
   
1986
Interspecific and intraspecific morphological variation in manatees (Sirenia: Trichechus).
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 2(2): 87-144. 7 tabs. 4 figs. . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.1986.tb00034.x Apr. 1986.
–Discusses the external and internal characteristics of the living manatee species, with an extensive statistical analysis of measurements and qualitative features of the skull and mandible. No significant sexual dimorphism was found (97). Salient ontogenetic changes in the skull are briefly noted (97-99). The subspecies T. m. manatus and T. m. latirostris are found to be morphologically distinguishable and taxonomically valid; the vernacular name "Antillean manatee" is proposed for the former (125). Cold weather in the northern Gulf of Mexico and strong currents in the Straits of Florida are suggested as causes of the apparent genetic isolation of Florida manatees. Alleged subspecies of T. senegalensis are considered to be baseless (126). Detailed diagnoses are given for all the species and subspecies (126-130). The functional significance of diagnostic cranial differences is discussed (130-131). Cladistic analysis suggests that T. manatus and T. senegalensis are each other's closest relatives (132-136); the senegalensis-like features of a Pleistocene skull from South Carolina illustrate the general primitiveness of the African species.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Magor, Diana Marion (detail)
   
1977
Taxa de substituição horizontal de dentes no peixe-boi.
Acta Amazonica 7(3): 435-438. Sept. 1977.
–Preliminary report on tooth replacement in T. inunguis. Toothrow movement, initiated by weaning, is on the order of 1 mm/month in captive animals and is directly proportional to intake of solid food.
  The cover of this issue depicts Domning bottle-feeding a manatee calf.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Myrick, Albert C., Jr. (detail)
   
1980
Tetracycline marking and the possible layering rate of bone in an Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis). In: W. F. Perrin & A. C. Myrick, Jr. (eds.), Age determination of toothed whales and sirenians.
Repts. Internatl. Whaling Comm., _ Special Issue 3: 203-207. 3 figs.
–The successful marking of a rib, using a 7.1-8.5 mg/kg dosage of Terramycin, suggests a periosteal bone deposition rate of one layer per year. Layering in ribs and mandibles of T. manatus is also discussed.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Pervesler, Peter (detail)
   
2001
The osteology and relationships of Metaxytherium krahuletzi Depéret, 1895 (Mammalia: Sirenia).
Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 553: 1-89. 19 tabs. Frontisp. 10 figs. 20 pls. Mar. 20, 2001.
–German summ.
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Ray, Clayton Edward (detail)
   
1986
The earliest sirenian (Mammalia: Dugongidae) from the eastern Pacific Ocean.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 2(4): 263-276. 1 tab. 6 figs. Oct. 1986.
–A partial skull and mandible from the Early Miocene Nye Mudstone in Oregon is referred to Halitheriinae gen. et sp. indet. The possible entry of sirs. into the North Pacific in the Late Oligocene and Early Miocene is discussed in terms of climate and paleogeography (273-274).
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Thomas, Herbert (detail)
   
1987
Metaxytherium serresii (Mammalia: Sirenia) from the Early Pliocene of Libya and France: a reevaluation of its morphology, phyletic position, and biostratigraphic and paleoecological significance. In: N. T. Boaz, A. El-Arnauti, A. W. Gaziry, J. de Heinzelin, & D. D. Boaz (eds.), Neogene paleontology and geology of Sahabi.
New York, Alan R. Liss (xv + 401 pp.): 205-232. 12 tabs. 13 figs.
–Arabic, French, and German summs. Reviews the history of the name Metaxytherium serresii (206-207); summarizes the record of Metaxytherium in Europe (207-209); describes the material of M. serresii from Sahabi, Libya (209-223); presents a cladistic analysis of European Halitherium and Metaxytherium (223-228); and reviews the stratigraphic context of M. serresii at Montpellier, France (228-229). Concludes that H. christolii, M. krahuletzi, M. medium, M. serresii, and M. forestii form a single lineage, probably derived from H. schinzii. The small size of M. serresii is attributed to dwarfing caused by poor nutrition, due in turn to reduced diversity, quality, and/or quantity of seagrasses in the post-Messinian Mediterranean.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Aguilera, Orangel A. (detail)
   
2008a
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. VIII. Nanosiren garciae, gen. et sp. nov. and Nanosiren sanchezi, sp. nov.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 28(2): 479-500. 8 tabs. 16 figs. June 12, 2008.
–urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:275238E1-E31A-4BEE-8404-C9D5D77B993E
 
D
Domning, Daryl Paul; Barnes, Lawrence G. (detail)
   
2007
A new name for the 'Stanford skeleton' of Paleoparadoxia (Mammalia, Desmostylia).
Jour. Vert. Pal. 27(3): 748-751. 2 figs. Sept. 12, 2007.
–Names Paleoparadoxia repenningi, n.sp.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:65BDBF6E-F0DA-49D6-B8E4-1F164C005B4E
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Beatty, Brian Lee (detail)
   
2007
Use of tusks in feeding by dugongid sirenians: observations and tests of hypotheses. In: J.S. Reidenberg & J.T. Laitman (eds.), Anatomical adaptations of aquatic mammals.
Anat. Rec. 290(6): 523-538. 1 tab. 6 figs. 10.1002/ar.20540 June 2007 (Mailed week of May 21, 2007).
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Beatty, Brian Lee (detail)
   
2019
Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean region. XII. Stegosiren macei, gen. et sp. nov.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 39(3): e1650369 (13 pages). 3 tabs. 8 figs. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2019.1650369. "May 2019" (publ. online Sept. 13, 2019).
–ABSTRACT: Stegosiren macei, a new genus and species of halitheriine dugongid from the mid-Oligocene of South Carolina, U.S.A. (Ashley and Chandler Bridge formations, late Rupelian–late Chattian), represents a stage of halitheriine evolution more derived than that of the Old World early Oligocene Eosiren imenti and Halitherium schinzii, but slightly less derived than the West Atlantic late Oligocene Metaxytherium albifontanum. It is more comparable in stage of evolution to its early Oligocene contemporaries Caribosiren turneri and Priscosiren atlantica and may be a sister taxon of these two. It is distinguished autapomorphically from all other sirenians by a notably broadened frontal roof and a thickened anterior tip of the frontal, which formed a butt joint with the premaxilla. Analogous (independently evolved) joints in several other sirenians (principally dugongines) are correlated with enlarged upper tusks thought to be used for excavating seagrass rhizomes. This suggests that large tusks also may have been present (although not preserved) in Stegosiren, which is only the second halitheriine in which such a feature has been observed. Stegosiren macei brings to at least seven the number of potentially sympatric sirenian species lineages known from the West Atlantic-Caribbean Oligocene (six or more from South Carolina alone). This extraordinary sirenian diversity, unmatched elsewhere in the world, poses problems for ecomorphology and feeding-niche partitioning.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Gingerich, Philip D.; Simons, Elwyn L.; Ankel-Simons, Friderun A. (detail)
   
1994
A new Early Oligocene dugongid (Mammalia, Sirenia) from Fayum Province, Egypt.
Contr. Mus. Pal. Univ. Michigan 29(4): 89-108. 3 tabs. 7 figs. Nov. 30, 1994.
–Describes Eosiren imenti, n.sp.
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:37EE7A1C-99F8-444A-B9FF-92E51FD773A7
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Heal, Geoffrey J.; Sorbi, Silvia (detail)
   
2017
Libysiren sickenbergi, gen. et sp. nov.: a new sirenian (Mammalia, Protosirenidae) from the middle Eocene of Libya.
Jour. Vert. Pal. 37(2): https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2017.1299158. 4 tabs. 16 figs. + online supplementary material. Published online Apr. 28, 2017.
–ABSTRACT: Fossil sirenian specimens collected in 1964 by the late R. J. G. Savage's expeditions in north-central Libya are described. They come from early middle Eocene (lower Lutetian, 47.8–43.6 Ma) deposits at the locality of Bu el Haderait and represent a new genus and species, Libysiren sickenbergi. This animal is the largest known protosirenid, and the largest Eocene sirenian known to date (condylobasal length >420 mm). Its dental formula was apparently 3.1.5.3, with five premolar loci as in all other Eocene sirenians, but the teeth are mostly not preserved. Its postcranial skeleton is unknown except for the atlas, a thoracic vertebra, and rib fragments. Stable isotopes indicate a mostly seagrass diet and a habitat of fully marine salinity. The Protosirenidae presently comprise the genera Protosiren, Ashokia, and Libysiren, with their interrelationships unresolved. Together, they are most parsimoniously regarded as a paraphyletic group basal to both Trichechidae and Dugongidae. However, as more of their morphology and diversity are revealed, they may prove to be more closely allied to the former and may shed crucial light on the still-mysterious origins of the trichechids (manatees).
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Morgan, Gary Scott; Ray, Clayton Edward (detail)
   
1982
North American Eocene sea cows (Mammalia: Sirenia).
Smithson. Contrib. Paleobiol. No. 52: iii + 69. 3 tabs. 34 figs. Sept. 3, 1982.
–Briefly reviews the worldwide Eocene sir. record, and reports in detail on the 22 known New World Eocene localities (1-17). New specimens from Florida (18-39) and North Carolina (39-59) are described, compared with other sirs., and referred to Protosiren sp. New records of Pleistocene Trichechus manatus from the Waccasassa River, Florida (18), and of Protosiren n.sp. from the Late Eocene of Egypt (55-56, 59), are also reported. The primitive sir. dental formula is confirmed to have been 3.1.5.3, and the significance of this for eutherian phylogeny is pointed out (59-60). The pan-Tethyan distribution of Eocene sirs. and its biostratigraphic potential, the possible sequence of sir. adaptive radiations (60-61), and the probable seagrass diet of Eocene sirs. (61-62) are discussed; concludes that the distribution of fossil sirs. is a more reliable guide to the past presence of seagrasses than are the distributions of Foraminifera or other organisms.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Pervesler, Peter (detail)
   
2013
The sirenian Metaxytherium (Mammalia: Dugongidae) in the Badenian (Middle Miocene) of Central Europe.
Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 105(3): 125-160. 10 tabs. 11 figs. "2012" (publ. Spring 2013).
–German summ.
 
D
Domning, Daryl Paul; Pyenson, Nicholas D. (detail)
   
2008
"Snagging" teeth and premolar homologies in Paleoparadoxiidae (Mammalia: Desmostylia).
Jour. Vert. Pal. 28(3): 923-927. 4 figs. Sept. 12, 2008.
x
D
Domning, Daryl Paul; Ray, Clayton Edward; McKenna, Malcolm Carnegie (detail)
   
1986
Two new Oligocene desmostylians and a discussion of tethytherian systematics.
Smithson. Contrib. Paleobiol. No. 59: iii + 56. 23 figs. May 28, 1986.
–Describes Behemotops, n.gen. (6), B. proteus (6) and B. emlongi (23), n.spp. from Washington and Oregon, respectively, as the most primitive known desmostylians. Reviews at length the history of desmostylian and tethytherian systematics, and presents a cladistic analysis of the Tethytheria (36-38), concluding that the Desmostylia and Proboscidea are sister-groups whose next closest relatives are the Sirenia. Moeritherium, Anthracobune, and Minchenella are also discussed in detail (38-45); the latter is considered a possible ancestor of both Proboscidea and Desmostylia. Desmostylians are regarded as herbivores that fed intertidally and subtidally (47-48).
  urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:39E15956-FB66-41FB-A440-29DC05DD83DA
x
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Rice, Dale W.; Shoshani, Jeheskel; Hoffmann, Robert S. (detail)
   
1982
Order Sirenia. In: J. H. Honacki, K. E. Kinman, & J. W. Koeppl (eds.), Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference.
Lawrence (Kansas), Allen Press & Assoc. Systematics Colls. (ix + 694 pp.): 305-306.
–Ed. 2: see D. E. Wilson (1993). Gives very brief nomenclatural and distributional notes on the Recent sirs., citing their current conservation status under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the U.S. Endangered Species Act, and their International Species Inventory System (ISIS) numbers.
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Sorbi, Silvia (detail)
   
2011
Rytiodus heali, sp. nov., a new sirenian (Mammalia: Dugonginae) from the Miocene of Libya.
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(6): 1338-1355. 1 tab. 13 figs. "Nov. 2011" (publ. online Nov. 8, 2011; mailed Dec. 29, 2011).
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Thomason, James; Corbett, Debra G. (detail)
   
2007
Steller's sea cow in the Aleutian Islands.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 23(4): 976-983. 2 figs. Oct. 2007.
–See also Turner, L.M. (2008).
 
 
Domning, Daryl Paul; Zalmout, Iyad Saleh; Gingerich, Philip D. (detail)
   
2010
Sirenia. Chap. 14 in: L. Werdelin & W. J. Sanders (eds.), Cenozoic mammals of Africa.
Berkeley, Univ. of California Press (xxi + 986): 147-160. 1 tab. 5 figs.
–Updates Domning, 1978c.
 
 
Donà, Maria Gabriella; Rehtanz, Manuela; Adimey, Nicole M.; Bossart, Gregory D.; Jenson, Alfred Bennett; Bonde, Robert K.; Ghim, Shin-je (detail)
   
2011
Seroepidemiology of TmPV-1 infection in captive and wild Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris).
Jour. Wildlife Diseases 47(3): 673-684. 5 tabs. 2 figs. + cover photo. July 2011.
 
 
Donati, Annabelle (detail)
   
1993
I wonder if sea cows give milk: and other neat facts about unusual animals.
Racine (Wisconsin), Western Publishing Co., Inc.: 1-32. Illus.
–Children's book, including a cover illustration and one other illustration of manatees on a 2-page spread, with a brief but accurate text on manatees and other sirs. (8-9).
 
 
Donder, Vic de (detail)
   
1992
Le chant de la sirène.
Paris, Gallimard (Coll. Découvertes Gallimard no. 152).
 
 
Donder, Vic De; Gomez-Passamar, Nadine; Guiomar, Myette; Goubet, Pierre (detail)
   
1999
Sirènes et siréniens.
BT Magazine Documentaire (Cannes, Publications de l'École Moderne Française) 1106: 2-37. Illus. Mar. 1999.
 
 
Dong, Jinhai; Song, Guangze; Wang, Guangjie (detail)
   
1992
Preliminary study on anatomy and histology of larynx, trachea and lung of Dugong dugon.
Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica 23(4): 433-437. 1 tab. 2 figs. 2 pls. July 1992.
–In Chinese; Engl. summ.
 
 
Donndorff, Johann August (detail)
   
1792
Zoologische Beyträge zur XIII. Ausgabe des Linnéischen Natursystems.... Erster Band. Die Säugthiere.
Leipzig, Weidmannschen Buchhandlung: xx + 840.
–Allen 424. Vol. 2 (birds) publ. 1794-95. "Trichechus Manatus", including all the then-known species of sirs., 128-131.
Donovan, Stephen K.: SEE ALSO Miller & Donovan, 1996; Domning, 2001c. (detail)
x
 
Donovan, Stephen K.; Domning, Daryl Paul; Garcia, Frank A.; Dixon, Harold L. (detail)
   
1990
A bone bed in the Eocene of Jamaica.
Jour. Paleont. 64(4): 660-662. 1 tab. 3 figs. "July 1990" (publ. Sept. 1990).
–Describes an exposure of the early Middle Eocene Chapelton Formation at Dump, near Christiana, Manchester Parish, which yielded a new specimen of Prorastomus sirenoides as well as other fossil vertebrates. This specimen, a partial skeleton, was the first specimen of Prorastomus collected in situ.
 
 
Donovan, Stephen K.; Portell, Roger W.; Domning, Daryl Paul (detail)
   
2007
Contrasting patterns and mechanisms of extinction during the Eocene-Oligocene transition in Jamaica. Chap. 8 in: W. Renema (ed.), Biogeography, time, and place: distributions, barriers, and islands.
Dordrecht, Springer (xii + 414): 247-273. 9 figs.
Pezosiren portelli and other sirs.; 248, 259-261, 265.
 
 
Dooley, Alton C., Jr. (detail)
   
2005
Miocene vertebrate fossils from the Potomac River, Westmoreland County, Virginia. In: L.W. Ward & A.C. Dooley, Jr. (eds.), Geology and paleontology of the Stratford Hall Plantation and Westmoreland State Park. 35th Annual Virginia Geological Field Conference September 23-25, 2005.
Virginia Mus. Nat. Hist. Guidebook No. 5: 23-42?
–Fossil of "manatus" collected by John Finch (1833) at Stratford Hall, Virginia, not in Maryland as stated by Harlan (1825b) (32).
 
 
Dophin, Yannicke (detail)
   
1984
Mise en évidence d'une structure prismatique dans l'émail d'un reptile archosaurien actuel: Alligator mississippiensis (Daudin).
C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Sér. II: Mec.-Phys., Chim., Sci. Terre, Sci. Univ. 298(20): 911-914. Illus. May 1984.
–Engl. summ. Mention of Metaxytherium.
 
 
Doran, Alban H. G. (detail)
   
1878
Morphology of the mammalian ossicula auditûs.
Trans. Linn. Soc. London (2)1: 371-497. Pls. 58-64.
–Sirs., 464-470, pl. 63.
x
 
Doran, Alban H. G. (detail)
   
1884
On the auditory ossicles of Rhytina stelleri.
Jour. Linn. Soc. London (Zool.) 17: 366-370. 3 figs. Read Dec. 20, 1883.
–Compares the ossicles of Rhytina with those of Halicore and Manatus.
 
 
Dorantes de Carranza, Baltasar (detail)
   
1902
Sumaria relación de las cosas de la Nueva España, con noticia individual de los descendientes legítimos de los conquistadores y primeros pobladores españoles.
Mexico, Impr. del Museo Nacional: viii + 491.
–Written in 1604. The manatee material (pp. 136ff.) is copied from Gómara and Las Casas, with and without acknowledgment, respectively (reprinted by Durand, 1983: 69-70, 90).
 
 
Dorozynski, A. (detail)
   
1974
Les sirènes de Colomb.
Quebec Sci. 12(9): 7. 2 figs.
 
 
Dosch, Friedrich (detail)
   
1915
Bau und Entwicklung des Integuments der Sirenen.
Jena. Zs. Natw. 53(= n.s. 46)(4): 805-854. 15 figs. Oct. 4, 1915.
–Engl. transl.: Natl. Research Council of Canada Tech. Transl. No. 1626, 1973, by D. A. Sinclair.
Dougherty, M. M.: SEE Miller et al., 2001. (detail)
 
 
Douglas, Sue (detail)
   
1982a
Florida's manatee mystery: scientists puzzle over a sudden die-off.
Defenders 57(4): 12-15. 6 figs. + back cover illus. Aug. 1982.
 
 
Douglas, Sue (detail)
   
1982b
To save a vanishing Floridian.
Oceans 15(6): 8-15. Cover illus. + 7 figs. Nov.-Dec. 1982.
 
 
Douvillé, H. (detail)
   
1911
La Peninsule Ibérique. A. Espagne.
Heidelberg.
–Sirs., 104.
Douzery, Emmanuel: SEE Lavergne et al., 1996. (detail)
Downing, John A.: SEE Silva & Downing, 1995. (detail)
 
 
Drasche, R. von (detail)
   
1884
Revision der in der Nematoden-Sammlung des k. k. zoologischen Hofcabinetes befindlichen Original-Exemplare Diesing's und Molin's.
Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 33: 107-118.
–Redescription of Heterocheilus tunicatus.
x
D
Drewes, Harald; Fraser, G. D.; Snyder, G. L.; Barnett, H. F., Jr. (detail)
   
1961
Geology of Unalaska Island and adjacent insular shelf, Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull. 1028-S: 583-676. 3 tabs. Figs. 81-103. Pls. 75-78.
–Considers remains of ?Cornwallius and Mya cf. truncata from Unalaska to be indicative of a cool shallow-water environment in the Late Oligocene or Early Miocene (606-607, 667).
 
 
Driscoll, C. P. (detail)
   
1999
Legislation, regulation, and conservation of wild marine mammals.
Jour. Amer. Vet. Med. Assoc. 214(8): 1187-1191. Apr. 15, 1999.
 
 
Drummond de Mello, Daniela Magalhães; Silva, Vera Maria Ferreira da; Rosas, Fernando César Weber (detail)
   
2011
Serum biochemical analytes in captive Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis).
Veterinary Clinical Pathology 40(1): 74-77. 1 tab. DOI:10.1111/j.1939-165X.2011.00297.x March 2011.
–ABSTRACT: Background: Establishment of reference values for serum biochemical analytes is important for monitoring health and physiological status of captive animals.
 Objective: The purpose of this study was to measure and report ranges for serum biochemical analytes in Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis).
 Methods: Blood samples were collected from 24 healthy captive Amazonian manatees that comprised a mixture of adults, subadults, and calves and males and females; serum analytes were measured and analyzed using a dry reagent bench-top chemical analyzer. Comparisons were made between sexes and with previously published values of closely related species.
 Results: Medians and ranges (minimum–maximum) of values for the analytes were: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), 151 (111–278) U/L (n=20); creatine kinase, 144 (76–315) U/L (n=11); alanine aminotransferase, 10 (2–28) U/L (n=18); aspartate aminotransferase, 14 (5–28) U/L (n=21); ?-glutamyltransferase, 47 (36–73) U/L (n=21); amylase, 1428 (1010–1874) U/L (n=21); alkaline phosphatase, 73 (36–141) U/L (n=19); total protein, 6.8 (6.2–8.0) g/dL (n=24); albumin, 3.3 (2.6–4.1) g/dL (n=21); cholesterol, 188 (101–399) mg/dL (n=21); triglycerides, 126 (60–236) mg/dL (n=21); glucose, 47 (22–69) mg/dL (n=21); urea, 43 (21–69) mg/dL (n=21); uric acid, 1.1 (0.5–1.8) mg/dL (n=22); creatinine, 2.2 (1.5–3.3) mg/dL (n=22); total bilirubin, 0.2 (0.2–2.0) mg/dL (n=21); calcium, 12.7 (10.2–18.6) mg/dL (n=24); iron, 282 (207–457) ?g/dL (n=13); and magnesium, 6.9 (4.3–8.9) mg/dL (n=20). With the exception of LDH, no differences were observed between sexes.
 Conclusions: The ranges obtained in this study provide important preliminary estimates for concentrations and activities of serum analytes in Amazonian manatees until a larger reference interval study can be conducted.
 
 
Du Bocage, J. V. Barbosa (detail)
   
1890
Mammifères d'Angola et du Congo.
Jour. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa (2)2(5): 1-32.
–Sirs., 29-30.
 
 
Du Bus, Bernard-Amé-Léonard, Vicomte (detail)
   
1868
Note sur une découverte paléontologique faite à Boom.
Bull. Acad. Sci. Belgique (2)26: 20.
–Mention of Halitherium, Belgium. See also T. Lefèvre (1889).
x
 
Du Chaillu, Paul Belloni (detail)
   
1861a
[Descriptions of new species of mammals discovered in western equatorial Africa.]
Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 7: 358-367. Read Nov. 7, 1860.
–Tentatively proposes the new specific name Manatus Oweni, which "probably" is synonymous with M. Vogelii, if the latter be valid(!). Gives the vernacular name manga from the "Camma country", with a short description and measurements of a manatee that lacked nails; notes that the species eats leaves fallen from the banks and aquatic grass, and avoids salt water (367). See also J.E. Gray (1862).
x
 
Du Chaillu, Paul Belloni (detail)
   
1861b
Explorations & adventures in equatorial Africa; with accounts of the manners and customs of the people, and of the chace of the gorilla, crocodile, leopard, elephant, hippopotamus, and other animals.
London, John Murray: xviii + 479. Illus. 1 map.
–Lists "Manatus Oweni" among "Species Discovered by F. [sic] B. Du Chaillu" (471). See also J.E. Gray (1861).
Duarte, Carlos A.: SEE Hemminga & Duarte, 2000. (detail)
 
 
Dubois, Alain (detail)
   
1991
Miscellanea nomenclatorica batrachologica (XVIII).
Alytes 8(3-4): 107-120. 4 figs.
–In French; Engl. summ. Traces the convoluted origins of the names Siren lacertina and Siren bartholini (both coined by Linnaeus' sudent Oesterdam, 1766), and the connection of the latter name with Trichechus (109, 117). It stems ultimately from a manatee from the "sea of Brazil" dissected by P. Paw (P. Pavius) in Leiden; fig. 4 reproduces a plate from Bartholin (1654: 189) showing its forelimb and manus skeleton and a rib, doubtless of a West Indian manatee.
Dubois, Thierry: SEE Jacquet et al., 1989. (detail)
Dubrovo, Irina Aleksandrovna: SEE ALSO Sinel'nikova et al., 1985. (detail)
x
D
Dubrovo, Irina Aleksandrovna; Sinel'nikova, Valentina Nikolayevna (detail)
   
1971
Desmostilidy neogena Kamchatki. [Neogene desmostylids of Kamchatka.]
Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (Earth Sci. Sects.) 199(3): 670-673. 2 figs. Aug. 1971 (presented June 5, 1970).
–This serial is also published in Engl. by the Amer. Geol. Inst. Describes Desmostylus hesperus teeth from deposits in Kamchatka considered Miocene in age on the basis of the Desmostylus and molluscs. Considers all other species of Desmostylus, as well as Kronokotherium, synonyms of D. hesperus.
Dudich, E., Jr.: SEE Detre et al., 1971. (detail)
Due, Tananarive: SEE Hiaasen et al., 1997. (detail)
 
 
Duerden, J. E. (detail)
   
1901
The marine resources of the British West Indies.
West Indian Bull. (Imper. Dept. Agric. for the West Indies) 2: 121-127.
–Manatee, 125, 127.
 
 
Duff, Robert (detail)
   
1866
British Guiana: being notes on a few of its natural productions, industrial occupations, and social institutions.
Glasgow, T. Murray & Son: viii + 394. Illus.
–Sirs., 135-139.
Duffield, D. A.: SEE Cornell et al., 1982; White et al., 1976, 1977. (detail)
Duffy, Noel: SEE Duignan et al., 1995. (detail)
Dufresne, John: SEE Hiaasen et al., 1997. (detail)
 
 
Dugong Network Okinawa (detail)
   
2000
For the protection of dugongs offshore Okinawa (material).
Ginowan (Okinawa), Dugong Network Okinawa: 1-38 + separate unbound 24-page Appendix. "July 2000" [publ. Aug. 14, 2000]; Appendix publ. Aug. 25, 2000.
–Compilation of articles, resolution, news clippings, and stranding data relating to dugongs in Okinawa.
Duguy, R.: SEE ALSO Van Bree & Duguy, 1977. (detail)
 
 
Duguy, R.; Cyrus, J.-L. (detail)
   
1976
Catalogue des mammifères marins conservés au Muséum de Marseille.
Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille 36: 37-39.
 
 
Duguy, R.; Defretin, R. (detail)
   
1979
Catalogue des collections de mammifères marins du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Lille.
Ann. Soc. Sci. Nat. Charente-Marit. 6(6): 475-481.
x
 
Duhamel du Monceau, Henri Louis (detail)
   
1782
Traité général des pêches, et histoire des poissons qu'elles fournissent, tant pour la subsistance des hommes, que pour plusieurs autres usages qui ont rapport aux arts et au commerce.
Paris, Veuve Desaint: Vol. 4 (Dixieme Section): 1-73. 15 pls.
–Allen 370. Entire work authored by H. L. Duhamel du Monceau & L. H. de La Marre: Traité général des pesches [sic], ..., Paris, Saillant & Nyon, & Desaint, 4 vols., 1769-82. The name of De La Marre appears only on title-page of part I, section 1 (1769). This work is rejected for nomenclatural purposes because the author did not apply the principles of binominal nomenclature (ICZN Opinion 859).
  Manatee, Article VIII ("Du Lamentin"), 56-59, pl. 13. This account is chiefly remarkable for the report that a female manatee and calf were once stranded by a storm on the coast of Haute-Normandie, half a league from Dieppe (56-57). The local fishermen are said to have been unacquainted with this species, although Duhamel later goes on to say that fishermen from Dieppe and Dunkerque used to sail to the Amazon River to hunt manatees, which they preserved and transported to the Antilles to sell. He gives a detailed account of the techniques of capturing manatees and salting or drying their flesh. Finally, he mentions a reported manatee occurrence in the St. Lawrence River in Canada, but seems uncertain of its veracity; he notes that his Canadian informants did not know the name "Lamentin", but allowed that manatees there might be known by some other name (59).
 
 
Duignan, Pádraig J.; House, Carol; Walsh, Michael T.; Campbell, Terry; Bossart, Gregory D.; Duffy, Noel; Fernandes, Peter J.; Rima, Bert K.; Wright, Scott D.; Geraci, Joseph R. (detail)
   
1995
Morbillivirus infection in manatees.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 11(4): 441-451. 1 tab. 1 fig. Oct. 26, 1995.
Duke, K. L.: SEE Mossman & Duke, 1973. (detail)
 
 
Duke-Elder, S. (Ed.) (detail)
   
1957
System of ophthalmology. Vol. 1. The eye in evolution.
London, Henry Kempton.
–Sirs., 446, 472-473, 480, 493-496, 502-503.
Dukeman, Angela K.: SEE Kadel, Dukeman & Patton, 1991. (detail)
x
 
Dulvy, Nicholas K.; Pinnegar, John K.; Reynolds, John D. (detail)
   
2009
Holocene extinctions in the sea. Chap. 6 in: S. T. Turvey (ed.), Holocene extinctions.
Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press: 129-000. Illus.
–Brief comments on overexploitation of HG, DD, and TM; 137, 145.
Duméril, André Marie Constant: SEE ALSO Cuvier, G., 1800-05. (detail)
 
 
Duméril, André Marie Constant (detail)
   
1806
Zoologie analytique, ou méthode naturelle de classification des animaux, rendue plus facile à l'aide de tableaux synoptiques.
Paris, Allais: xxxii + 344.
–Allen 478. "XIIIe. Famille, Amphibies" [= Pinnipedia + Sirenia], including Dugong and Manatus, 26-27.
 
 
Duméril, André Marie Constant (detail)
   
1837
Communication sur le même sujet [Dinotherium giganteum].
C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 4(12): 427. Read Mar. 20, 1836.
–?Abstr.: L'Institut 5: 94? Comment on de Blainville (1837).
Dumont D'Urville, J.: SEE Pucheran & Jacquinot, 1853; Quoy & Gaimard, 1830. (detail)
 
 
Dumont, Maitena; Laurin, Michel; Jacques, Florian; Pellé, Eric; Dabin, Willy; Buffrénil, Vivian de (detail)
   
2013
Inner architecture of vertebral centra in terrestrial and aquatic mammals: a two-dimensional comparative study.
Jour. Morphol. 274(5): 570-584. Illus. + online supporting information. DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20122 May 2013 (publ. online Feb. 8, 2013).
–ABSTRACT: Inner vertebral architecture is poorly known, except in human and laboratory animals. In order to document this topic at a broad comparative level, a 2D-histomorphometric study of vertebral centra was conducted in a sample of 98 therian mammal species, spanning most of the size range and representing the main locomotor adaptations known in therian taxa. Eleven variables relative to the development and geometry of trabecular networks were extracted from CT scan mid-sagittal sections. Phylogeny-informed statistical tests were used to reveal the respective influences of phylogeny, size, and locomotion adaptations on mammalian vertebral structure. The use of random taxon reshuffling and squared change parsimony reveals that 9 of the 11 characteristics (the two exceptions are total sectional area and structural polarization) contain a phylogenetic signal. Linear discriminant analyses suggest that the sampled taxa can be arranged into three categories with respect to locomotion mode: a) terrestrial + flying + digging + amphibious forms, b) coastal oscillatory aquatic taxa, and c) pelagic oscillatory aquatic forms represented by oceanic cetaceans. Pairwise comparison tests and linear regressions show that, when specific size increases, the length of trabecular network (Tt.Tb.Le), as well as trabecular proliferation in total sections (Pr.Tb.Tt), increase with positive allometry. This process occurs in all locomotion categories but is particularly pronounced in pelagic oscillators. Conversely, mean trabecular width has a lesser increase with size in pelagic oscillators. Trabecular orientation is not influenced by size. All tests were corrected for multiple testing. By using six structural variables or indices, locomotion mode can be predicted with a 97.4% success rate for terrestrial forms, 66.7% for coastal oscillatory, and 81.3% for pelagic oscillatory. The possible functional meaning of these results and their potential use for paleobiological inference of locomotion in extinct taxa are discussed.
x
 
Duncan, J. F. (detail)
   
1908
Capt. Parkinson's manatee.
Forest & Stream 71(16): 611-612. Oct. 17, 1908.
–Account of a male manatee, "between twelve and fifteen feet long and estimated to weigh between fifteen hundred and two thousand pounds," which was caught at Ocean View, Virginia, but escaped. (See also Anon., 1908a.)
Dunigan, D. D.: SEE Sweat et al., 2001. (detail)
 
 
Dupon, J. F. (detail)
   
1969
Recueil de documents pour servir à l'histoire de Rodrigues.
Port-Louis, R. Coquet.
x
 
Dupuy, André R. (detail)
   
1972
Le Parc national des Oiseaux du Djoudj (République du Sénégal).
Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Sér. A, Sci. Nat. 34(3): 774-781. 7 figs. 1 map.
–Notes that T. senegalensis is "very rare" in the park, sometimes ascending small rivers at the flood stage (780).
 
 
Dupuy, André R. (detail)
   
1973
Premier inventaire des mammifères du Parc national de Basse Casamance (Sénégal).
Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Sér. A, Sci. Nat. 35(1): 186-197.
 
 
Dupuy, André R.; Maigret, J. (detail)
   
1976
Les mammifères marins des côtes du Sénégal. 1. Bilan des observations signalées entre 1960 et 1976.
Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Sér. A, Sci. Nat. 38(4): 921-928. 4 figs.
 
 
Dupuy, André R.; Maigret, J. (detail)
   
1978
Les mammifères marins des côtes du Sénégal. 2. Observations signalées en 1977.
Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Sér. A, Sci. Nat. 40(2): 457-465.
 
 
Dupuy, André R.; Verschuren, J. (detail)
   
1977
Wildlife and parks in Senegal.
Oryx 14(1): 36-46. 10 figs.
–Discusses T. senegalensis in Djoudj National Park, 41-43.
 
 
Durand, José (detail)
   
1950a
Ocaso de sirenas; manatíes en el siglo XVI.
México, Tezontle: 1-129. Illus.
–Ed. 2: Ocaso de sirenas: esplendor de manatíes, México, Edit. Fondo de Cultura Económica, May 1983: 1-239, illus. Comparison and discussion of the early accounts of manatees. The expanded 1983 ed. is notable for its annotated reproductions of illustrations of manatees by Oviedo, Hernández, Clusius, Rochefort, du Tertre, Exquemelin, Guzmán, Labat, Gumilla, Buffon, Caulín, Pennant, Home, Cuvier, Stannius, and Wislocki; of dugongs by Leguat, Renard, Camper, Home, and Cuvier; of Hydrodamalis by Plenisner and Brandt; and of hippos and "mermaids" by Tachard, Leguat, Valentyn, and Renard.
 
 
Durand, José (detail)
   
1950b
Manatí, mato, manato.
Nueva Revista de Filología Española (México) 4: 274-276.
Duret, Laurent: SEE Graur et al., 1997. (detail)
 
D
Durham, J. Wyatt (detail)
   
1950
Megascopic paleontology and marine stratigraphy. In: The 1940 E. W. Scripps cruise to the Gulf of California, Part 2.
Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 43: 1-216.
 
D
Durham, J. Wyatt; Allison, Edwin C. (detail)
   
1960
The geologic history of Baja California and its marine faunas. In: Symposium: The biogeography of Baja California and adjacent seas. Part 1: Geologic history.
Syst. Zool. 9: 47-91.
Dutton, T. P.: SEE Tinley et al., 1976. (detail)
 
 
Dutton, T. P. (detail)
   
1997
Mermaids in distress.
African Wildlife 51(6): 22-23.
Duvall, David: SEE Mackay-Sim et al., 1985. (detail)
Duvaucel: SEE Diard & Duvaucel. (detail)
x
 
Duvernoy, Georges-Louis (detail)
   
1835a
Plusieurs notes sur quelques ossemens fossiles de l'Alsace et du Jura.
Mém. Soc. Mus. Hist. Nat. Strasbourg 2, Mém. GG: 1-12. 1 pl. Read Aug. 4, 1835.
–Allen 847. The first note, "I. Sur un cétacé fossile, voisin des dugongs et des lamantins, trouvé à Roedersdorf, dans le Département du Haut-Rhin" (1-9, pl.), describes a headless skeleton from the "calcaire grossier" (age?).
x
 
Duvernoy, Georges-Louis (detail)
   
1835b
Tableaux des ordres, des familles et des genres de mammifères, adoptés pour le cours de zoologie de la Faculté des Sciences.
Mém. Soc. Mus. Hist. Nat. Strasbourg 2, Mém. KK: 1-10. 5 unnumbered tabs.
–Allen 846. "Ordre XIV. Amphibies trirèmes.... Fam. des Lamantins" comprises Manatus americanus, Halicore Dugung, and Rytina or St[ellerus]. borealis (8, tab. 4); the table includes diagnoses in hierarchical form.
 
 
Duvernoy, Georges-Louis (detail)
   
1835c
Sur le squelette d'un cétacé fossile découvert dans une carrière de Roedersdorf, village du département du Haut-Rhin.
L'Institut 3(126): 326-327. Oct. 7, 1835.
–Allen 848. Abstr., Froriep's Notizen 46: 275-277? Probably a summary of Duvernoy (1835a).
 
 
Dybas, Cheryl Lyn (detail)
   
2003
Harmful algal blooms: biosensors provide new ways of detecting and monitoring growing threat in coastal waters.
Bioscience 53(10): 918-923.
x
 
Dybowski, Benedikt (detail)
   
1883
Notice sur la différence sexuelle entre les crânes de la Rhytina stelleri.
Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1883(1): 72-73. June 1883 (read Feb. 20, 1883).
–Mentions several supposed points of difference, due mainly to the more robust build of the presumed male. The Aleuts are said to distinguish the male skulls by the term "Byk" (bull).
Dyson, Steve: SEE Doig & Dyson, 1988. (detail)

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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