Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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I

 
 
Ichikawa, K.; Tsutsumi, C.; Arai, N.; Akamatsu, T.; Shinke, T.; Hata, T.; Adulyanukosol, K. (detail)
   
2006
Dugong (Dugong dugon) vocalization patterns recorded by automatic underwater sound monitoring systems.
Jour. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 119: 3726-3733.
 
 
Ichikawa, Kotaro; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Shinke, Tomio; Adulyanukosol, Kanjana; Arai, Nobuaki (detail)
   
2011
Callback response of dugongs to conspecific chirp playbacks.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 129(6): 3623-3629. DOI: 10.1121/1.3586791. June 2011.
–ABSTRACT: Dugongs (Dugong dugon) produce bird-like calls such as chirps and trills. The vocal responses of dugongs to playbacks of several acoustic stimuli were investigated. Animals were exposed to four different playback stimuli: a recorded chirp from a wild dugong, a synthesized down-sweep sound, a synthesized constant-frequency sound, and silence. Wild dugongs vocalized more frequently after playback of broadcast chirps than after constant-frequency sounds or silence. The down-sweep sound also elicited more vocal responses than did silence. No significant difference was found between the broadcast chirps and the down-sweep sound. The ratio of wild dugong chirps to all calls and the dominant frequencies of the wild dugong calls were significantly higher during playbacks of broadcast chirps, down-sweep sounds, and constant-frequency sounds than during those of silence. The source level and duration of dugong chirps increased significantly as signaling distance increased. No significant correlation was found between signaling distance and the source level of trills. These results show that dugongs vocalize to playbacks of frequency-modulated signals and suggest that the source level of dugong chirps may be manipulated to compensate for transmission loss between the source and receiver. This study provides the first behavioral observations revealing the function of dugong chirps.
Ichinotani Research Group: SEE Abe et al., 1982. (detail)
ICZN: SEE International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. (detail)
 
 
Idris, F.; Karlina, I.; Herandarudewi, S. M. C.; Nugraha, A. H. (detail)
   
2020
Short communication: Dugong's presence confirmation in Bintan Island based on local ecological knowledge.
AACL Bioflux 13(2): 651-656.
Igarashi, Yaeko: SEE Furusawa et al., 1993; Kimura et al., 1995. (detail)
 
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Igarashi, Yaeko; Yahata, Masahiro; Kimura, Masaichi (detail)
   
2000
Fossil pollen stratigraphy of Miocene Tonokita Formation, Akan-cho, east Hokkaido. In: Inuzuka et al. (eds.), Evolution of Desmostylia ... (q.v.).
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 1: 85-90. 1 tab. 6 figs. Mar. 29, 2000.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. Repr.: Research report on Akan vertebrate fossils (first report), Akan City Board of Education, Akan Vertebrate Fossil Study Group, 2000, pp. 31-36.
 
 
Ihering, Hermann von (detail)
   
1904
O rio Juruá.
Rev. Museu Paulista (São Paulo) 6: 385-460.
–German ?summ.: Petermann's Geogr. Mitt. 11: 260-266, 1904?
 
 
Ihering, R. von (detail)
   
1967
Da Vidas dos Nossos Animais – Fauna do Brasil. 5ª. Edição.
São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Casa Editôra Rotermund S.A., 1-320.
–Describes manatee hunting, and gives indigenous names: "PEIXE-BOI ou, na linguagem indígena,'Guarabá', 'Guaraguá' ou 'Manaí' ['Manatí'?]." Figs. of manatee grazing and of a manatee skull on p. 50.
 
 
Ihering, Rodolpho von (detail)
   
1940
Dicionário dos animais do Brasil.
São Paulo, [Tipografia Brasil, Rothschild Loureiro & Cia. Ltda.]: 1-898. Illus.
–Sirs., 584 (504?).
Ijiri, Shoji: SEE ALSO Desmostylus Research Committee; Sato & Ijiri, 1977; Takai et al., 1952; Yabe et al., 1952; Yabe & Ijiri, 1954. (detail)
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1937a
On the tooth germ (Zahnkeim) of Desmostylus japonicus Tokunaga et Iwasaki. [Abstr.]
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 44(525): 532. June 20, 1937.
–In Japanese. Repr.: Jap. Jour. Geol. Geogr. 14(3/4): 59, Oct. 1937?
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1937b
Die Zahnformel von Desmostylus japonicus.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 44(528): 837-856. 2 pls. Sept. 30, 1937.
–In Japanese; German summ.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1937c
Über das Os sacculi dentis bei Desmostylus japonicus.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 44(531): 1177-1193. 9 figs. 1 pl.
–In Japanese; German summ.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1938a
Über den Zahnkeim M/2 (= m1/2) und das Os sacculi dentis von Desmostylus japonicus.
Proc. Imper. Acad. Japan 14(6): 225-230. 6 figs. June 1938.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1938b
The mammalian teeth morphogenetically considered with special reference to those of Desmostylus japonicus (invagination hypothesis).
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 45(538): 566-572. 9 figs. Pls. 12-13. July 20, 1938.
–In Japanese.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1939a
Histologische Untersuchung der Zähne des Desmostylus japonicus.
Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 1(1): 1-16. 13 figs. March 1939.
–In Japanese; German summ.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1939b
Histological study of the teeth of Desmostylus.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 46(548): 220-230. 13 figs. May 20, 1939.
–In Japanese; German summ.
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1939c
Microscopic structure of a tooth of Desmostylus.
Proc. Imper. Acad. Japan 15(5): 135-138. 6 figs. May 1939.
–Study of sections of an M/1 of D. japonicus. Comments that Desmostylus is an ungulate sensu lato and cannot be considered a monotreme, multituberculate, marsupial, or sirenian.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1940
A study on the variation in the teeth of Desmostylus.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 47(563): 318-327. 6 figs. Aug. 20, 1940.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. ?Abstr.: Jap. Jour. Geol. Geogr. 18: 28, 1941?
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1952a
On some question of S. Ogose's "On Desmostylus-bearing formation in Izumi-machi, Gifu Prefecture."
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 58(685): 494.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1952b
Desmostylid restored.
Science (Kagaku) 22(12): 621-626. 10 figs.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji (detail)
   
1954
Fossil of blood vessels.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 19: 2-6. 8 figs.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji; Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1989
[Extinct giant mammals in Japan.]
Tokyo, Tsukiji-Shokan Publ. Co., Ltd.: 1-242. Illus.
–In Japanese. Includes discussions of desmostylians, Dusisiren dewana, and Hydrodamalis.
 
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Ijiri, Shoji; Kamei, T. (detail)
   
1961
On the skulls of Desmostylus mirabilis Nagao from South Sakhalin and of Paleoparadoxia tabatai (Tokunaga) from Gifu Prefecture, Japan.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 53: 1-27. 1 tab. 22 figs. 6 pls.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. Engl. transl.: NTIS Document No. TT 74-53093.
Ijiri, Syozi: SEE Ijiri, Shoji. (detail)
x
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Ikebe, Nobuo; Takayanagi, Yokichi; Chiji, Manzo; Chinzei, Kiyotaka (detail)
   
1972
Neogene biostratigraphy and radiometric time scale of Japan - an attempt at intercontinental correlation.
Pacif. Geol. 4: 39-78. 8 figs.
–Discusses the stratigraphic ranges of Desmostylus japonicus and Paleoparadoxia tabatai in Japan (44-45, 47, 48, 65-66).
 
 
Ikeda, Kazuko; Mukai, Hiroshi (detail)
   
2012
Dugongs in Japan. Chap. 8 in: E. M. Hines et al. (eds.), Sirenian conservation: issues and strategies in developing countries (q.v.).
Gainesville, University Press of Florida (xiv + 326): 77-83. 1 tab. 1 map.
 
 
Iker, E. (detail)
   
1982
Look what we've done to our wetlands.
Natl. Wildlife 20: 42. June-July 1982.
Ikeuchi, Yasushi: SEE Yamazaki & Ikeuchi, 2000. (detail)
 
 
Ilangakoon, Anoukchika D.; Sutaria, Dipani; Hines, Ellen M.; Raghavan, Roopali (detail)
   
2008
Community interviews on the status of the dugong (Dugong dugon) in the Gulf of Mannar (India and Sri Lanka).
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 24(3): 704-710. 1 tab. 1 fig. July 2008.
 
 
Ilangakoon, Anoukchika D.; Tun, Tint (detail)
   
2007
Rediscovering the dugong (Dugong dugon) in Myanmar and capacity building for research and conservation.
Raffles Bull. Zool. 55(1): 195-199. 2 figs. Feb. 28, 2007.
Ilani, Giora: SEE ALSO Paz & Ilani, 1976. (detail)
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Ilani, Giora (detail)
   
1976
More about dugongs.
Israel - Land and Nature 1(4): 161. 1 fig. July 1976.
–Reports a pregnant female dugong caught in a fishing net in the Gulf of Aqaba, Jan. 7, 1976.
x
 
Illiger, Carl (Johann Karl Wilhelm) (detail)
   
1811
Prodromus systematis mammalium et avium additis terminis zoographicus utriusque classis, eorumque versione Germanica.
Berlin, sumptibus C. Salfeld: xviii + 302.
–Allen 523. Introduces the name Sirenia, applying it to a family within the "Ordo Natantia", and recognizes and diagnoses three monospecific genera: Manatus, Halicore (new name), and Rytina (new name) (140-141). These are based on, respectively, the nominal species Trichechus Manatus australis, T. Dugong, and T. Manatus borealis, but the implied new combinations are not printed. Halicore is preferred to the name Dugong because the latter is not of Greek or Latin origin (xvii). Rytina is an incorrect transliteration of the Greek but is nonetheless the "correct original spelling" of the generic name.
 
 
Illiger, Carl (Johann Karl Wilhelm) (detail)
   
1815
Ueberblick der Säugthiere nach ihrer Vertheilung über die Welttheile.
Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1804-1811: 39-159. 5 tabs. Read Feb. 28, 1811.
–Allen 544. Sirs., 53, 61, 64, 68, 70, 75, 79, 87, 91, 99, 103, 105, 110, 122; tabs. 1-5. The Family Sirenia is included with the Family Cete in the Order Natantia. Eight species are recognized: Manatus australis, M. Americanus, M. fluviatilis, M. sphaerurus, M.? Simia, Rytina borealis, R. cetacea, and Halicore cetacea. "M. australis" is placed in the Indian Ocean and Australia together with "H. cetacea", based on the testimony of Dampier. M. Americanus and M. fluviatilis are both attributed to South America; one of them (it is not specified which) is said to be found in large rivers and estuaries. M. sphaerurus is Adanson's Senegalese manatee. "M.? Simia" is Steller's "sea-ape". "R. borealis" and "R. cetacea" are used interchangeably. The name Trichechus appears in Tab. 5, together with Manatus, Halicore, and Rytina.
  Allen pungently comments of this work that "The lists are, so far at least as the Cete and Sirenia are concerned, worthless conglomerations, which, as in the case of other groups treated in the same connection, appear to contain some names coined for the occasion, without descriptions or textual references. The paper may be safely ignored so far as Cetology is concerned." See also I. von Olfers (1818).
Imai, Nobumi: SEE Tabuchi et al., 1974. (detail)
Imes, George D., Jr.: SEE Budiarso et al., 1979. (detail)
Inaki, Hiroyuki: SEE Pirika Sirenia Research Group, 1992. (detail)
x
 
Inan, Selim; Tasli, Kemal; Eren, Muhsin.; Inan, Nurdan; Koç, Hayati; Zorlu, Kivanç; Taga, Hidayet; Zorlu, Kemal; Arslanbaş, Okay; Demircan, Firat (detail)
   
2008
First finding of Metaxytherium (sea cow) in the Miocene limestones of the Erdemli (Mersin) area (S Turkey).
Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayi Bildirileri 61: 1-7. 5 figs.
–In Turkish; Engl. summ. Reports the first occurrence in Turkey of Metaxytherium medium, a partial skeleton (forelimb, vertebrae, and ribs) from the Langhian-Serravallian (Middle Miocene) Karaisali Formation.
 
 
Infantes, E.; Cossa, D.; Stankovic, M.; Panyawai, J.; Tuntiprapas, P.; Daochai, C.; Prathep, A. (detail)
   
2020
Dugong (Dugong dugon) Reproductive behaviour in Koh Libong, Thailand: observations using drones.
Aquatic Mammals https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.46.6.2020.603
 
 
Ingersoll, Ernest (detail)
   
1907
The life of mammals.
New York, Macmillan Co.: xi + 555.
 
 
Ingle, DN and Porter, ME (detail)
   
2016
Yield Strengths and Elastic Moduli of Vertebral Bodies in Cetaceans (Kogiidae and Delphinidae) and Sirenians (Trichechidae).
INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY 56: E306. March 2016.
 
 
Ingles, L. G. (detail)
   
1958
Notas acerca de los mamiferos mexicanos.
An. Inst. Biol. Mex. 29: 374-408.
–Sirs., 408.
Innis, Sheila M.: SEE Walsh et al., 1999. (detail)
 
 
Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA) (detail)
   
2001
Mamíferos aquáticos do Brasil: plano de ação. Ed. 2.
Brasília, IBAMA: 1-102.
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International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (detail)
   
1925
Opinion 90: Report on sixteen generic names of mammals for which suspension of rules was requested.
Smithson. Misc. Coll. 73(3): 34-40. Dec. 16, 1925.
–Rules that the name Rhytina be suppressed in favor of Hydrodamalis; a decision on Manatus vs. Trichechus is referred to a committee for a final decision (34, 38-40). See ICZN (1929).
x
 
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (detail)
   
1929
Opinion 112: Suspension declined for Manatus 1772 vs. Trichechus 1758.
Smithson. Misc. Coll. 73(6)(3016): 19. June 8, 1929.
–Recognizes Trichechus as the official generic name of the manatees and not of the walrus. See also F. Hemming (1952).
x
 
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (detail)
   
1989
Opinion 1535: Halianassa studeri von Meyer, 1838 (Mammalia, Sirenia): neotype designated; and Halitherium Kaup, 1838 (Mammalia, Sirenia): Pugmeodon schinzii Kaup, 1838 designated as the type species.
Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 46(1): 83-84. Mar. 1989.
–Pursuant to the petitions of Domning (1987b), Halitherium is deemed to be the correct original spelling of Halytherium; the holotype of Pugmeodon schinzii is designated as the neotype of Halianassa studeri; P. schinzii is designated as the type species of Halitherium; Halitherium and (Pugmeodon) schinzii are placed on the Official Lists of Names in Zoology; and Halianassa, Halytherium, and (Halianassa) studeri are placed on the Official Indexes of Rejected and Invalid Names. The main outcome of these actions is that the name Halianassa studeri is fixed as an objective junior synonym of the Oligocene species Halitherium schinzii, and Halianassa and H. studeri are thereby made unavailable for application to the Miocene specimens for which they have most often been used.
x
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International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (detail)
   
2009
Opinion 2232 (Case 3384): Cornwallius tabatai Tokunaga, 1939 (currently Paleoparadoxia tabatai; Mammalia, Desmostylia): proposed designation of a neotype not accepted.
Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 66(3): 295-296. Sept. 2009.
–The neotype fixation proposed by Hasegawa & Kohno (2007) is hereby declined and no action by the Commission is taken, on the grounds that the lectotype designation by Inuzuka (2005), which the proposal sought to set aside, was invalid to begin with. Accordingly, Shikama's (1966) designation of the Izumi skeleton as neotype of P. tabatai is maintained, as Hasegawa & Kohno desired.
 
 
International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) (detail)
   
1966-
Red data book. 1. Mammalia.
Morges (Switzerland), IUCN.
–Looseleaf compilation, periodically updated, of natural history, distributional, and status data on threatened and endangered species, based on published literature and original reports of various contributors. The 1972 Red data book was a completely new ed. It is continued by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Version 2010.4, 2010), www.iucnredlist.org.
Inuzuka, Norihisa: SEE ALSO Aizu Fossil Research Group; Ijiri & Inuzuka, 1989; Kamei et al., 1989; Kaneko & Inuzuka, 1992; Shimada & Inuzuka, 1994; Yamaguchi et al., 1981. (detail)
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1977
On the right third inferior molar of Paleoparadoxia tabatai from "Wainai" remains, Iwate Prefecture.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 31(4): 165-166. 2 figs. July 1977.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1980a
The skeleton of Desmostylus mirabilis from South Sakhalin. I. Atlas and thoracic vertebrae.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 34(4): 205-214. 2 tabs. 6 figs. 9 pls. July 1980.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1980b
The skeleton of Desmostylus mirabilis from South Sakhalin. II. Lumbar vertebrae, sacrum and coccygeal vertebrae.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 34(5): 247-257. 2 tabs. 5 figs. 6 pls. Sept. 1980.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1981a
The skeleton of Desmostylus mirabilis from South Sakhalin. III. Ribs, scapula and os coxae.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 35(1): 1-18. 2 tabs. 20 figs. 6 pls. Jan. 1981.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1981b
The skeleton of Desmostylus mirabilis from South Sakhalin. IV. Metacarpus.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 35(5): 240-244. 2 figs. 2 tabs. 1 pl. Sept. 1981.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1981c
A trial method of the mounting -- basis of the skeletal reconstruction of Desmostylus.
Fossil Club Bull. 14: 1-7.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1981d
[A newly restored Desmostylus.]
Geological News No. 327: 59-63.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1982a
The skeleton of Desmostylus mirabilis from South Sakhalin. V. Limb bones.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 36(3): 117-127. 1 tab. 8 figs. 2 pls. May 1982.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1982b
[Atlas of reconstructed desmostylians.]
Saitama (Japan), Assoc. for the Geological Collaboration in Japan: [1-18]. 32 figs.
–In Japanese. A compilation of 32 illustrations of skeletal and life restorations of desmostylians by various workers, with two pages of text. It originally appeared (with different text and two maps) in the abstracts volume of the Association's 36th annual meeting (Chichibu City, Aug. 7-9, 1982), pp. 44-61.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1984a
[Restoration of Desmostylus.]
Tokyo, Kaimeisha: 1-146. 1 tab. 38 figs. Sept. 1984.
–In Japanese. Review: T. Urushido, Modern Geology 9: 325-326, 1985.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1984b
Skeletal restoration of the desmostylians: herpetiform mammals.
Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyoto Univ., Ser. Biol. 9(2): 157-253. 11 tabs. 27 figs. 11 pls. Oct. 1984.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1984c
Studies and problems on the Order Desmostylia.
Monogr. Assoc. Geol. Collab. in Japan 28: 1-12. 3 tabs. 2 figs. May 1984.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. See also T. Kamei (1984).
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1984d
Morphological restoration of Desmostylus.
Monogr. Assoc. Geol. Collab. in Japan 28: 101-118. 2 tabs. 6 figs. 6 pls. May 1984.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. See also T. Kamei (1984).
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1985
Are "herpetiform mammals" really impossible? A reply to Halstead's discussion.
Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyoto Univ., Ser. Biol. 10(2): 145-150. 2 figs. Sept. 1985.
–Japanese transl.: Jour. Fossil Research 18(2): 69-72, 2 figs., Dec. 1985. See L. B. Halstead (1985).
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1986
Hyracoidea; Proboscidea; Desmostylia; Sirenia. In: M. Goto & N. Otaishi (eds.), Comparative odontology.
Tokyo, Ishiyaku-shuppan: 177-187.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1987a
[Evolutionary significance of primitive desmostylians.] In: Y. Hasegawa (ed.), [Study on fossil marine mammals from Japan. (Subject of study) Studies on biostratigraphy and paleontology of Cenozoic marine mammals.]
Japan, Ministry of Education, Aid for Scientific Study, Synthetic Study A, Subject No. 61304010: 35-43. 1 fig. March 1987.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1987b
Primitive desmostylians, Behemotops and the evolutionary pattern of the Order Desmostylia. In: Professor Masaru Matsui Memorial Volume.
Sapporo: 13-25. Pls. 1-2. May 1987.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. Coins the new familial name Behemotopsidae (16).
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1988a
The skeleton of Desmostylus from Utanobori, Hokkaido, I. Cranium.
Bull. Geol. Surv. Japan 39(3): 139-190. 6 tabs. 17 figs. 8 pls.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1988b
[Restoration of extinct mammals, desmostylians.]
Biomechanism 9: 7-19. 2 tabs. 19 figs.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1988c
[Re-examination of tooth identification of Desmostylus - type specimen of D. japonicus (Togari specimen).] In: Y. Hasegawa (ed.), [Study on fossil marine mammals from Japan. (Subject of study) Studies on biostratigraphy and paleontology of Cenozoic marine mammals.]
Japan, Ministry of Education, Aid for Scientific Study, Synthetic Study A, Subject No. 61304010: 107-122. 1 fig. March 1988.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1988d
[Body weight of Desmostylus.] In: Y. Hasegawa (ed.), [Study on fossil marine mammals from Japan. (Subject of study) Studies on biostratigraphy and paleontology of Cenozoic marine mammals.]
Japan, Ministry of Education, Aid for Scientific Study, Synthetic Study A, Subject No. 61304010: 123-124. March 1988.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1988e
What fossil burial posture speaks. The forefront excavation 9.
Anima 195: 106-109.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1989a
[III-2. Desmostylus and Behemotops. In: Report of research on the Ashoro marine mammal fauna.]
Ashoro (Japan), Ashoro Town Board of Education (201 pp.): 40-76. 1 tab. 52 figs. Mar. 31, 1989.
–In Japanese. An article entitled "Preparation and casting" by Kenichiro Eguchi in the same volume (pp. 121-153, 3 tabs., 53 figs.) describes the preparation and reproduction of the Behemotops bones.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1989b
Reconsideration of tooth class identification in Desmostylus, with special reference to the holotype of D. japonicus (Togari specimen).
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 95(1): 17-31. 1 tab. 14 figs. Jan. 1989.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1989c
[After the restoration of Desmostylus.]
Geological News No. 421: 1-4, 6-11. 6 figs. 8 pls. Sept. 1989.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1989d
[Reconstruction of Paleoparadoxia from Tsuyama.]
Bull. Tsuyama Local Mus. 1: 24-25.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1996
Body size and mass estimates of desmostylians (Mammalia).
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 102(9): 816-819. 1 tab. 4 figs. Sept. 1996.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
1997
Fossil footprints of desmostylians predicted from a restored skeleton.
Ichnos 5: 163-166. 2 tabs. 4 figs.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2000a
Research trends and scope of the Order Desmostylia. In: Inuzuka et al. (eds.), Evolution of Desmostylia ... (q.v.).
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 1: 9-24. 11 tabs. 9 figs. Mar. 29, 2000.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2000b
Primitive Late Oligocene desmostylians from Japan and phylogeny of the Desmostylia. In: Inuzuka et al. (eds.), Evolution of Desmostylia ... (q.v.).
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 1: 91-123. 6 tabs. 30 figs. Mar. 29, 2000.
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2000c
Aquatic adaptations in desmostylians.
Historical Biol. 14(1-2): 97-113. 13 figs. 3 appendices. Jan. 2000.
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2000d
Preliminary report on the evolution of aquatic adaptation in desmostylians (Mammalia, Tethytheria).
Oryctos 3: 71-77. 1 tab. 2 figs. Dec. 2000.
–French summ. This was a contribution to the conference on Secondary Adaptation to Life in Water II, Copenhagen, 1999.
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2000e
Methods of phylogenetic reconstruction and comparative functional morphology.
Acta Anatomica Nipponica 75(2): 189-196. 1 tab. 8 figs. Apr. 2000.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. Uses desmostylian teeth as examples to explain principles of systematics and cladistic analysis (191-194).
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2005
The Stanford skeleton of Paleoparadoxia (Mammalia: Desmostylia).
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 3: 3-110. 32 tabs. 110 figs. Mar. 2005.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2006
Postcranial skeletons of Behemotops katsuiei (Mammalia: Desmostylia).
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 4: 3-66. 18 tabs. 51 figs.
–Japanese summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2009
The skeleton of Desmostylus from Utanobori, Hokkaido, Japan, II. Postcranial skeleton.
Bull. Geol. Surv. Japan 60(5/6): 257-379. 20 tabs. 68 figs. 21 pls.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa (detail)
   
2013
Reconstruction and life restoration of Desmostylus and Paleoparadoxia.
Jour. Fossil Research 45(2): 31-43. 3 tabs. 9 figs. Feb. 2013.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. Summarizes osteological differences between the two genera and discusses their paleoecology.
x
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa; Iwamizama Research Group (detail)
   
1980
First discovery of Dugong (Dugonginae) from the Middle Miocene in Kogawa, Kitahiyama-cho, Hokkaido.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 86(9): 639-641. 2 figs. Sept. 1980.
–In Japanese. Describes an isolated tooth identified as a Dugong molar. I have suggested (in Barnes et al., 1985: 31-32 and Takahashi et al., 1986: 317) that it may instead represent Paleoparadoxia.
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa; Karasawa, Hiroaki (detail)
   
1986
Some fossils of Paleoparadoxia from Miocene calcareous sandstones on the Noto Peninsula, central Japan.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 40(4): 294-300. 1 tab. 7 figs. July 1986.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Murai, Takefumi (detail)
   
1980
On a left third inferior molar of Paleoparadoxia tabatai from the Moniwa Formation, Miyagi prefecture.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 34(2): 105-108. 1 tab. 4 figs. March 1980.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Akiyama, Masahiko; Ootsuki, Hideo (detail)
   
1977
Desmostylian molar found from Kamiatsunai, Urahoro-cho, Tokachi-gun, Hokkaido.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 83(2): 139-141. 1 tab. 3 figs.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Domning, Daryl Paul; Ray, Clayton Edward (detail)
   
1995
Summary of taxa and morphological adaptations of the Desmostylia.
The Island Arc 3(4): 522-537. 5 tabs. 11 figs. "Dec. 1994" (publ. Nov. 1995).
 
D
Inuzuka, Norihisa; et al. (eds.) (detail)
   
1984
Desmostylians and their paleoenvironment.
Monogr. Assoc. Geol. Collab. in Japan 28: 1-138. May 1984.
–In Japanese.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Kimura, Masaichi; Kohno, Naoki; Sawamura, Hiroshi (eds.) (detail)
   
2000
Evolution of Desmostylia: incorporating the Proceeding[s] of the Desmostylian Symposium of the Fossil Research Society of Japan 16th Annual Meeting held at the Ashoro Museum of Paleontology, Hokkaido, Japan, 22-23 August 1998.
Bull. Ashoro Mus. Pal. No. 1: 1-172. Mar. 29, 2000.
–Includes a Preface by the editors (p. 7), and 12 papers, 11 of which are listed in this bibliography under their authors: Inuzuka (2), Ogasawara, Yahata & Kimura, Yahata, Igarashi et al., Taru, Kohno, Uno, Yamazaki & Umeda, and Yamazaki & Ikeuchi. Another paper, by Akihiko Suzuki (pp. 57-66), is on Miocene molluscan faunas and mentions desmostylians only in fig. 2.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Sawamura, Hiroshi; Kawano, Shigenori; Kawano, Takashige (detail)
   
2009
Fossil footprints of a large tetradactyl mammal from the Lower Miocene in Hizen-cho, Karatsu city, Saga Prefecture, western Japan.
Jour. Fossil Research 41(2): 76-81. 1 tab. 8 figs.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Sawamura, Hiroshi; Watanabe, Hitoshi (detail)
   
2006
Paleoparadoxia and the Nishikurosawa specimen from Oga, Akita, northern Japan.
Ann. Rept. Akita Pref. Mus. No. 31: 1-28. 3 tabs. 14 figs. 1 pl. Mar. 2006.
 
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Inuzuka, Norihisa; Takayasu, Katsumi; Tanito, Shigeru (detail)
   
1985
A metatarsus of Desmostylus from Miocene Fujina Formation, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku) 39(6): 453-458. 1 tab. 3 figs. 1 pl. Nov. 1985.
–In Japanese.
Irvine, A. Blair: SEE ALSO Bachman & Irvine, 1979; Campbell & Irvine; Neal et al., 1979. (detail)
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair (detail)
   
1982
West Indian manatee. In: D. E. Davis (ed.), CRC handbook of census methods for terrestrial vertebrates.
Boca Raton (Florida), CRC Press (397 pp.): 241-242.
–Outlines aerial survey techniques suitable for manatees.
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair (detail)
   
1983
Manatee metabolism and its influence on distribution in Florida.
Biol. Conserv. 25(4): 315-334. 1 tab. 4 figs. Apr. 1983.
–The metabolic rates of 3 captive T. manatus were studied in relation to air and water temperature; rates were 15-22% of predicted values, and thermal conductances 117-229%. Body temperature averaged 36.4° C. Concludes that Florida is marginal habitat for manatees; 20° C is probably the minimum water temperature suitable for them.
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Campbell, Howard W. (detail)
   
1978
Aerial census of the West Indian manatee, Trichechus manatus, in the southeastern United States.
Jour. Mamm. 59(3): 613-617. 1 fig. Aug. 21, 1978.
–Repr. in Brownell & Ralls (1981: 17-21). Surveys in the winter and summer of 1976 located a maximum of 738 manatees in Florida and Georgia. Data are included on distribution in respect to temperature and salinity, number of young calves, and a possible spring calving season.
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Scott, Michael D. (detail)
   
1984
Development and use of marking techniques to study manatees in Florida.
Florida Scientist 47(1): 12-26. 2 tabs. 2 figs.
–Reports results of experiments with paint, freezebrands, spaghetti tags, peduncle straps, suture attachments, and sonic and radio tags. Data are given on dive times and manatee movements from telemetry; the maximum dive time recorded was 31 min. 5 sec.
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Caffin, John E. Kochman, Howard I. (detail)
   
1982
Aerial surveys for manatees and dolphins in western peninsular Florida.
Fish. Bull. 80(3): 621-630. 3 tabs. 3 figs.
–A revised and slightly abridged version of Irvine, Caffin & Kochman (1981). Surveys from Hernando to Monroe counties, July-December 1979, resulted in 554 manatee sightings. Group sizes, numbers of calves, and distribution with respect to habitat type and salinity are tabulated. No clear evidence for seasonal movements or reproductive trends was obtained.
n
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Caffin, John E.; Kochman, Howard I. (detail)
   
1981
Aerial surveys for manatees and dolphins in western peninsular Florida (with notes on sightings of sea turtles and crocodiles).
Washington, D.C., U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Office of Biol. Services, FWS/OBS-80/50: vi + 21. 3 tabs. 4 figs. Apr. 1981.
–See Irvine, Caffin & Kochman (1982).
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Neal, F. C.; Cardeilhac, Paul T.; Popp, James A.; White, Franklin H.; Jenkins, Robert L. (detail)
   
1980
Clinical observations on captive and free-ranging West Indian manatees, Trichechus manatus, in Florida.
Aquatic Mamms. 8(1): 2-10. 3 tabs. 2 figs. June 1980.
–Reports blood and urine values, skin lesions and bacterial infections, body lengths, weights, and weight changes in relation to temperature. Urine osmolarity varied with salinity; concludes that manatees may be able to drink salt water and concentrate urine.
x
 
Irvine, A. Blair; Odell, Daniel Keith; Campbell, Howard W. (detail)
   
1981
Manatee mortality in the southeastern United States from 1974 through 1977. In: R. L. Brownell, Jr., & K. Ralls (eds.), The West Indian manatee in Florida. Proceedings of a workshop held in Orlando, Florida 27-29 March 1978 (q.v.).
Tallahassee, Florida Dept. Nat. Res. (iv + 154): 67-75. 5 tabs. 1 fig.
–Describes the manatee carcass salvage program, and presents summaries of data on 185 carcasses salvaged in Florida, categorizing them by month and year of recovery, size, and cause of death (by month and by county). See also Beusse et al. (1981a).
 
 
Irvine, D. H. (detail)
   
1975
Workshop on manatee conservation.
Envir. Conserv. 2(2): 98.
 
 
Irvine, Frederick Robert (detail)
   
1947
The fishes and fisheries of the Gold Coast....
London, publ. on behalf of the Government of the Gold Coast by the Crown Agents for the Colonies: 1-352. Illus.
Irving, Laurence: SEE ALSO Scholander & Irving, 1941. (detail)
 
 
Irving, Laurence (detail)
   
1973
Aquatic mammals. In: G. C. Whittow (ed.), Comparative physiology of behaviour. 3. Special aspects of thermoregulation.
New York & London, Academic Press: 47-93.
x
 
Irving, Laurence; Scholander, P. F.; Grinnell, S. W. (detail)
   
1941
The respiration of the porpoise, Tursiops truncatus.
Jour. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 17(2): 145-168. 15 figs. Apr. 1941.
–Compares the breathing and diving of the manatee to those of Tursiops and other animals (m151, m158, 166). See also Scholander & Irving (1941).
 
 
Irwandi, Anny; Jarman, Yuni (detail)
   
1979
Notes on the dugong pool at the Jaya Ancol Oceanarium, Jakarta.
Jakarta, Jaya Ancol Oceanarium: 1-12. 8 tabs. 3 figs.
 
 
Irwin, David M.; Arnason, Ulfur (detail)
   
1994
Cytochrome b gene of marine mammals: phylogeny and evolution.
Jour. Mamm. Evol. 2(1): 37-55. 6 tabs. 4 figs. Mar. 1994.
–A mitochondrial DNA sequence from a dugong associated with that of an elephant, supporting the Tethytheria clade.
Isaacks, R. E.: SEE White et al., 1976, 1977. (detail)
 
 
Isakova, L. F. (detail)
   
2002
The fragments of Sea Cow in the Funds of the Irkutsk Provincial Museum. [In Russian.]
x
 
Isham, Charlotte H. (detail)
   
1978
Matilda Mae Manatee.
DeLand (Florida), Volusia Graphics: [16 pp.] 16 figs. Fall 1978.
–Children's story about the manatees of Blue Spring State Park, Florida. Includes drawings by Laurna Dutton Jaramillo and a 5-page insert of "Selected References."
Ishaya, P. D.: SEE Osakwe et al., 1988. (detail)
Ishida, Masao: SEE Shibata et al., 1981; Yamaguchi et al., 1981. (detail)
Ishii, J.: SEE Minato et al., 1957. (detail)
 
 
Issel, Arturo (detail)
   
1910
Alcuni mammiferi fossili dei Genovesato e del Savonese.
Atti Accad. Lincei, Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat. (Rome) (5)8: 191-224. Pls. 1-4. Read Jan. 16, 1910.
x
 
Issel, Arturo (detail)
   
1912
Un omero di Felsinotherium.
Atti Accad. Lincei, Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat. (Rome) (5)9: 119-125. 2 pls.
–Publ. 1913? Describes (119-121) and illustrates a humerus of "F. subappenninum" [sic] from Lower Pliocene beds in Genova, Italy, and compares it very briefly with other sirs. Mentions the existence of a dugong skeleton from Assab, Eritrea, in the Genova museum (121). The bibliography (123-125) evidently pertains to both this paper and Issel (1910), to which this paper is said to form an "appendix".
Itano, Kazuomi: SEE Miyazaki et al. (detail)
Itoh, Shingo: SEE ALSO Tsuyuki & Itoh, 1967. (detail)
x
 
Itoh, Shingo; Tsuyuki, Hideo (detail)
   
1974
Fatty acid component of Senegal manatee fats.
Sci. Rept. Whales Res. Inst. 26: 307-311. 2 tabs. Nov. 1974.
–Fatty acids of T. senegalensis found to be similar to those of the dugong.
 
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Itoigawa, J.; Nakamura, M. (detail)
   
1978
Historical research on the Mizunami Group; Part 2, From the Meiji Period to the 20th year of Showa.
Bull. Mizunami Fossil Mus. No. 5: 165-174. 1 tab. pls. Dec. 25, 1978.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
 
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Itoigawa, Junji (detail)
   
1984
Paleoenvironment in which Desmostylia lived reconstructed from fossil molluscan assemblages.
Monogr. Assoc. Geol. Collab. in Japan 28: 35-43. 6 figs. 2 yabs. May 1984.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ. See also T. Kamei (1984).
Iturralde-Vinent, Manuel A.: SEE MacPhee & Iturralde-V. (detail)
x
 
Iturralde-Vinent, Manuel A. (detail)
   
2001
Geology of the amber-bearing deposits of the Greater Antilles.
Carib. Jour. Sci. 17(3-4): 141-167. Illus.
–States that a photograph of a reported fossil ground sloth ("Parocnus sp.") from the Mioc. Yanigua Formation, Sierra del Agua, eastern Dominican Republic, appears instead to represent a sir., "probably Methaxytherium? [sic] sp." (m8=148?).
 
 
Iturralde-Vinent, Manuel A. (detail)
   
2007
La formación del Caribe y Cuba. Chap. 6 in: M. Iturralde-Vinent (ed.), Geología de Cuba para todos.
Havana (1-114): 45-54. 13 figs. Aug. 2007.
–Illustrates a rib of "Metaxitherium" from the Zaza locality, Cuba (50-51, Fig. 6.11).
IUCN: SEE International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. (detail)
x
 
Ivany, Linda C.; Portell, Roger W.; Jones, Douglas S. (detail)
   
1990
Animal-plant relationships and paleobiogeography of an Eocene seagrass community from Florida.
Palaios 5(3): 244-258. 10 figs. "June 1990" (mailed Oct. 9, 1990).
–Facsimile repr.: Florida Pal. Soc. Newsletter 8(1), Winter 1991. Describes plant and invertebrate fossils from a Middle Eocene seagrass bed in the Avon Park Formation, and notes their association with remains of Protosiren and cheloniid sea turtles. Discusses the Tethyan distribution patterns of these organisms, and hypothesizes that Late Pliocene cooling eliminated Thalassodendron and Cymodocea from the Caribbean.
 
 
Ivashin, M. V. (detail)
   
1965
[The sirens: fiction and reality.]
Priroda 1965(6): 104-108. 6 figs. June 1965.
–In Russian.
Iwahori, Shojiro: SEE ALSO Watanabe & Iwahori, 1952. (detail)
 
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Iwahori, Shojiro (detail)
   
1951
On the horizon of Desmostylus in the Toki basin, Gifu prefecture.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 57(672): 415-416. Sept. 1951.
–In Japanese. Engl. transl. done by Engineer Intelligence Division, Office of the Engineer, Headquarters U.S. Army Forces Far East, Tokyo, 1954; available from Military Geology Branch, U.S. Geological Survey?
Iwamizama Research Group: SEE Inuzuka et al., 1980. (detail)
Iwamoto, Yasunori: SEE Tabuchi et al., 1974. (detail)
 
 
Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Whishaw, Ian Q. (detail)
   
2000
On the origin of skilled forelimb movements.
Trends in Neurosciences 23(8): 372-376. Aug. 1, 2000.
Iwasaki, Chozo: SEE Tokunaga & Iwasaki, 1914; Yoshiwara & Iwasaki, 1902. (detail)
Iwasaki, Juzo: SEE Iwasaki, Chozo (detail)
 
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Iwata, Keiji; Uozumi, Satoru (detail)
   
1971
A comparative study of ultrastructure in fossil collagen - Studies on calcified tissue; III.
Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan 77(2): 71-76.
–In Japanese; Engl. summ.
Iwata, Matsumitsu: SEE Marshall et al., 2003. (detail)
Iziri, Syozi: SEE Ijiri, Shoji. (detail)

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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