Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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D

Defecation: SEE Excretion and Defecation ( 0 )
Deinotherium Kaup, 1829 ( 8 )
(Proboscidea)
1837 Blainville, H.M. de
1837 Duméril, A.M.C.
1837 Kaup, J.J.
x 1837 Robert, C. ("Dinotherium"; m471.)
1837 Saint-Hilaire, I.G.
1837 Strauss
x 1875 Wilder, B.G. (opinions on affinities; 111.)
* 2000 Gregor et al. (deinotheres considered closely related to sirs.)
Delaware ( 2 )
1998 Bohaska, D.J. (indet. dugongid; Early Mioc.; 183-185.)
2018 Domning, D.P. (Dugongid rib fragments; Mioc.; Kent Co., Pollack Farm Site; 245.)
Desmodontia Kishida, 1933 ( 1 )
(suborder; = Desmostylia)
D * 1933 Kishida, K. (new suborder; proposed as subdivision of Multituberculata)
Desmostylella Nagao, 1937 ( 4 )
(= Desmostylus)
x D * 1937b Nagao, T. (n.gen.; 82-85.)
x D 1963 Mitchell & Repenning (syn. of Desmostylus; m4.)
D 1966c Shikama, T. (syn. of Desmostylus)
x D 1991 Clark, J.M. (syn. of Desmostylus; m493.)
Desmostylella typica Nagao, 1937 ( 3 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1937b Nagao, T. (n.gen.n.sp.; 82-85.)
x D 1961 Hanzawa et al. (type specimen; 355.)
D 1966c Shikama, T.
Desmostylia Reinhart, 1953 ( 7 )
(order)
x D v 1949b Anon. (Coalinga, California; skeleton; 313.)
x D * 1953 Reinhart, R.H. (new order; 187.)
x D 1964 Mitchell & Lipps (San Clemente Is., California; 214-215.)
x D 1970a Reinhart, R.H. (gen. acc.; 243.)
x D 1977b Domning, D.P. (paleoecology; 356-357, 360-361.)
D * 1995 Inuzuka et al. (summ. of taxa & adaptations; 522-537.)
D * 2018 Johnson & Troll (pop. acc.)
Desmostylidae Osborn, 1905 ( 9 )
(family)
D * 1905a Osborn, H.F. (n.fam.)
x D * 1915 Hay, O.P. (name again proposed; 385.)
x D 1928a Khomenko, J.P. (supposed Mioc.-Quaternary evolution; 519-520.)
x D 1932c Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 282.)
D 1937 VanderHoof, V.L.
x D 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 155, pl. 6.)
x D 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 136.)
x D 1986 Domning et al. (history of name; 5.)
D * 2015 Chiba et al. (Ounalashkastylus tomidai, n.gen.n.sp., Olig.-Mioc., Alaska; cf. Vanderhoofius sp., Middle Mioc., Hokkaido; phylogeny)
Desmostyliformes Hay, 1923 ( 7 )
(suborder; = Desmostylia)
x D * 1923a Hay, O.P. (new suborder; 109.)
x D 1924 Hay, O.P. (diagnosis; 7-8.)
x D 1932c Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 282.)
x D 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 155.)
x D 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 136.)
x D 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (in classification; 378-380.)
D * 1994 Kinman, K.E. (ordinal name resurrected for Desmostylia; 38.)
Desmostylinae Kalandadze and Rautian, 1992 ( 1 )
(subfamily)
D * 1992 Kalandadze & Rautian
Desmostyloidea Abel, 1933 ( 2 )
(order; = Desmostylia)
D * 1933 Abel, O. (new order; proposed as subdivision of Multituberculata; 875-876.)
x D 1986 Domning et al. (syn. of Desmostylia; 34.)
Desmostylus brevimaxillaris (Pronina, 1957) Reinhart, 1982 ( 1 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1982 Reinhart, R.H. ("D. brevimaxillare"; n.comb.; 551, 553.)
Desmostylus californicus Hay, 1923 ( 3 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1923a Hay, O.P. (n.sp.; 105-106.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (synonymy; 223-224.)
x D 1937a Nagao, T. (m49.)
Desmostylus cymatias Hannibal, 1922 ( 4 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1922 Hannibal, H. (n.sp.; 239-240, pl. 11.)
x D * 1923a Hay, O.P. (validity questioned; 105-106.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (synonymy; 222-223, 226.)
x D 1991 Clark, J.M. (syn. of D. hesperus; m492.)
Desmostylus hesperus hesperus (Marsh, 1888) Shikama, 1966 ( 1 )
D 1966c Shikama, T.
Desmostylus hesperus japonicus (Tokunaga and Iwasaki, 1914) Shikama, 1966 ( 3 )
D 1966a Shikama, T.
D 1966c Shikama, T.
x D 1982 Reinhart, R.H. (validity uncertain; 553-554.)
Desmostylus hesperus Marsh, 1888 ( 44 )
x D * 1888 Marsh, O.C. (n.gen.n.sp.; Alameda Co., California; 94-96.)
x D 1902a Osborn, H.F. (comp. w/ Japanese Desmostylus; 713-714.)
D 1915 Aoki, R.
x D * 1915 Hay, O.P. (comp. w/ Japanese Desmostylus; 383-397, pls. 56-58.)
x D 1917 Kermode, F. ("Desmostylus hesperus" [really Cornwallius]; Vancouver Is., Canada; 42-43, pl. 9.)
x D 1922 Cornwall, I.E. (m122.)
x D 1922 Hannibal, H. (review; 238-240, pl. 12.)
x D 1923a Hay, O.P. (comp. w/ other Desmostylus; 105-108.)
x D 1924 Andrews, C.W. (dentition; 308.)
x D 1924 Hay, O.P. (teeth, m5; skull, 7-8, pl. 1.)
x D 1927 Pfizenmayer, E.W. (m495.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (synonymy & tooth morphology; 223-227.)
x D 1937a Nagao, T. (m47, 49.)
D 1940 Woodring et al. (Mioc., California; 124.)
x D 1950 Shotwell, J.A. (Mioc., Oregon; 1541.)
D 1959 Reinhart, R.H.
x D * 1963 Mitchell & Repenning (chronologic & geographic range; 5-8, 11.)
x D 1965 Mitchell, E.D., Jr. (Sharktooth Hill, California; iii, 3, 7, 21, 26-29, 36.)
D 1966c Shikama, T.
x D 1971 Dubrovo & Sinel'nikova (Kamchatka & elsewhere; 670-673.)
D 1976 Reinhart, R.H.
x D 1981 Clark, J.C. (Santa Cruz, California; 27-28.)
x D 1982 Reinhart, R.H. (new material reported; 551-554.)
x D 1985 Fortelius, M. (tooth enamel; 57.)
x D * 1986 Domning et al. (comp. w/ Behemotops, 19-20; history of study, 33-37; phylogeny & affinities, 36-38, 45; paleoecology, 47-48.)
D 1989c Inuzuka, N.
x D 1990 Aranda-Manteca, F.J. ("Desmostilus cf. D. hesperus"; Mioc., Baja California; 104, 111.)
x D 1990 Ferrusquia-V., I. (Baja California; Mioc.; 15, 22-26.)
x D 1991 Clark, J.M. (comp. w/ Paleoparadoxia weltoni; 490-497, 500-507.)
D 1996 Inuzuka, N. (body size & mass estimates)
x D 1997 Pauls, E.B. (microwear & diet; 69A.)
D 2000 Uno, H. (variation in deciduous teeth; 153-158.)
x D 2001d Domning, D.P. (tibia; 25.)
D 2002 Jiménez-Hidalgo et al. (Desmostylus hesperus; Middle Mioc., Baja California; 53.)
D 2002 Yoshida & Kimura (Mioc., Akan, Hokkaido)
D 2002 Watanabe & Kimura (Mioc., Akan, Hokkaido)
D 2002 Kimura, M. (Mioc., Akan, Hokkaido)
D 2002 Sato & Kimura (Mioc., Akan, Hokkaido)
2004 Uno & Kimura (Desmostylus hesperus; Utanobori, Hokkaido, Japan)
D 2005 Gingerich, P.D. (swimming mode)
D * 2009 Inuzuka, N. (Utanobori, Japan; postcranial skeleton)
D 2009 Fujiwara, S. (Ashoroa, Desmostylus hesperus, Paleoparadoxia repenningi, P. tabatai; olecranon orientation, elbow joint angle, & forelimb posture)
x D 2011 Koenigswald, W.v. (hypsodonty; 70, 79, 94.)
D 2016 Santos et al. (ontogeny & senescence)
Desmostylus japonicus Tokunaga and Iwasaki, 1914 ( 33 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D v 1902 Yoshiwara & Iwasaki (Togari, Japan; original report; 1-13, pls. 1-3.)
D * 1914 Tokunaga & Iwasaki (n.sp.)
x D 1924 Andrews, C.W. (dentition; m308.)
x D 1927 Pfizenmayer, E.W. (m495.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (synonymy; 222, 225-226.)
D 1937a Ijiri, S.
D 1937b Ijiri, S.
D 1937c Ijiri, S.
x D 1937a Nagao, T. (m49.)
x D 1937b Nagao, T. (comp. w/ Desmostylella; 83-85.)
x D 1937c Nagao, T. (m113.)
D 1938a Ijiri, S.
D 1938b Ijiri, S.
D 1939a Ijiri, S.
D 1939b Ijiri, S.
x D 1939c Ijiri, S. (tooth structure; 135-138.)
D 1939a Takai, F.
D 1944 Takai, F.
x D 1961 Hanzawa et al. (type specimen; 355.)
x D 1963 Mitchell & Repenning (m12.)
D 1966a Shikama, T.
D 1966c Shikama, T.
x D 1970 Zuidema, H.P. (m22.)
x D 1971 Dubrovo & Sinel'nikova (syn. of D. hesperus; 671-673.)
x D * 1972 Ikebe et al. (Japan; stratigraphic range; 44-45, 47-48, 65-66.)
x D 1973 Shikama et al. (Japan; stratigraphic range; 138, 140-141.)
x D 1977 Kamei & Okazaki (range Middle-Late Mioc.; 354.)
x D 1985 Fortelius, M. (tooth enamel; 57.)
D 1988c Inuzuka, N. (dentition of holotype)
D 1992 Kaneko & Inuzuka (Japan)
D 1992 Satoh et al. (Desmostylus japonicus molar; Ibaraki City, Japan)
D * 2000 Kohno, N. (studies of holotype; 137-151.)
D 2009 Sakurai, K. (Hokkaido, Japan; Mioc.)
Desmostylus Marsh, 1888 ( 116 )
x D v 1877 Yates, L.G. (Alameda Co., California; first published description; 78-79.)
x D * 1888 Marsh, O.C. (n.gen.; Alameda Co., California; 94-96.)
x D 1891 Flower & Lydekker ("Desmotylus"; in Halicoridae; m223.)
x D 1906 Merriam, J.C. (occurrences; 151-152.)
D 1911 Anderson, F.M.
x D * 1911 Merriam, J.C. (summary of knowledge; 403-412.)
x D * 1915 Hay, O.P. (history of study, 381-383; described & comp. w/ sirs., 383-397.)
x D 1916a Matthew, W.D. (m27.)
D 1922 Abel, O.
x D 1922 Hannibal, H. (brief review; 238-240, pls. 11-12.)
D 1923 Abel, O.
x D 1923a Hay, O.P. (review; 105-109.)
x D 1924 Hay, O.P. (?Alaska, 1; teeth, 1-8, pl. 1.)
D 1924 Winge, H.
x D v 1925 Hanna, G.D. ("sirenians"; Sharktooth Hill, California; 72.)
D 1926 Abel, O.
x D v 1926 Anon. ("sea-cow"; Sharktooth Hill, California; 12.)
D 1927 Honda, A.
D 1927 Sone, H.
D 1928 Anon.
x D 1928a Khomenko, J.P. (supposed Quaternary occurrence; 519-520.)
x D 1929b Simpson, G.G. (teeth; not a monotreme; 12-13.)
x D v 1930 Hanna, G.D. ("sea cows"; Sharktooth Hill, California; 70.)
x D * 1931 Kellogg, R. (review; 219-227.)
x D 1932a Simpson, G.G. (m422, 425, 488, 495.)
x D 1932c Simpson, G.G. (not a multituberculate or monotreme; m292.)
x D 1933 Hanna, G.D. (Monterey Bay, California; 291.)
x D 1937b Nagao, T. (comp. w/ Desmostylella; 82-85.)
x D 1937c Nagao, T. (Japanese specimens; 110-113.)
D * 1937 VanderHoof, V.L.
x D 1939c Ijiri, S. (tooth structure, 135-138; affinities, 138.)
D 1939b Tokunaga, S. (historical note on identification of Togari Desmostylus skull; iii-v.)
x D 1940 Camp, C.L. (Marsh's acquisition of type tooth; 645.)
x D 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification [with sirs.]; 153, 155, pl. 6.)
x D 1942a VanderHoof, V.L. (m299, 301.)
x D 1943 Heuvelmans, B. (comp. w/ proboscideans; m12.)
x D 1944 Stenzel & Turner ("?Desmostylus"; supposed occurrence in Texas; 289.)
x D 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 136, 168, 251-252.)
x D 1951 DEREC ("Desmostylus" [really Izumi Paleoparadoxia]; Japan; discovery & collection; 414.)
x D 1952 DEREC (Japan; further collecting at locality of Togari skull; 144.)
D 1953 Fujii, H.
x D 1953 Langston, W., Jr. (supposed find in California [actually of a cetacean]; pop. acc.; 8-9.)
D 1954 Sera, G.L.
D 1957 Pronina, I.G.
x D v 1958 Floyd et al. (supposed occurrence in Texas; 160-161.)
x D 1961 Drewes et al. (m606-607.)
x D * 1963 Camp, C.L. (discovery & type locality; 387-389.)
x D * 1963 Mitchell & Repenning (chronologic & geographic range; 3-16.)
x D 1963 Mitchell, E.D., Jr. (comp. w/ Paleoparadoxia; 192, 194, 197-198.)
x D 1964 Mitchell, E.D., Jr. (pachyostosis; 214.)
x D 1964 Nolan, T.B. (distr.; A137.)
x D 1965 Mitchell & Lipps (photo of femur; 5.)
x D 1966 Mitchell, E.D., Jr. (gen. acc.; 50, 53, 56-57, 59.)
D 1966a Shikama, T.
D 1966c Shikama, T.
D 1967 Addicott, W.O.
x D 1968 Romer, A.S. (m200.)
x D 1970 Minch et al. (Baja California; 3152.)
x D 1970a Reinhart, R.H. (m243.)
x D 1970 Zuidema, H.P. (pop. acc.; 22-24.)
D 1971 Iwata & Uozumi
x D 1972 Barnes, L.G. (Mioc., California; 140-142.)
x D 1972a Domning, D.P. (distr.; 146, 149.)
D 1972 Hasegawa, U.
D 1974 Kozawa, Y.
x D 1975 Edinger, T. (cranial endocast; 50.)
x D 1975 Reinhart, R.H. (synonymy of American & Japanese forms uncertain; 826.)
x D 1976 Phillips et al. (Skooner Gulch Formation, ?Olig., California; 137-152.)
D 1976 Scheffer, V.B.
x D 1977 Hasegawa, Y. (artists' reconstructions; pop. acc.; 90-91.)
D 1978 Yamaguchi, S. (Hokkaido, Japan)
x D 1978b Domning, D.P. (?competition w/ sirs., 113-115; Mioc., California, 150-151, 156.)
D 1978 Kimura, Akiyama, & Kumano (Utanobori, Hokkaido, Japan)
D 1978 Kimura, M.
D 1978 Kimura, Sato, & Goto
D 1978 Yamaguchi, S. (Utanobori)
D 1979 Kimura & Takaku
x D 1980 Parker & Toots (sodium content of tooth enamel; 205.)
D 1981c Inuzuka, N.
D 1981d Inuzuka, N.
D 1981 Yamaguchi et al.
x D 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (m378-380.)
x D 1982 Reinhart, R.H. (new material reported; 551-554.)
D v 1984a Inuzuka, N. (reconstruction of skeleton & body form; 1-146.)
D 1984 Kamei, T.
x D 1984 Raschke, R.E. (Middle Mioc., California; m64.)
D 1985 Sinel'nikova et al. (Kamchatka)
D 1988d Inuzuka, N. (body weight)
D 1989 Bol, J. ("Dysmostylus")
x D 1989a Domning, D.P. (?feeding on seagrass rhizomes; m54.)
D 1989a Inuzuka, N.
D 1990 Oishi et al. (Kintaichi, Japan)
D 1990 Oliver & Long
D 1991 Barriel & Tassy
x D 1991 Barriel & Tassy (skull comp. w/ proboscideans; m18-19.)
D 1992 Sakae, T. (enamel mineralogy)
x D 1992 Thewissen & Domning (character states; 502.)
x D 1994 Shimada & Inuzuka (Mioc., Japan; 553-558, 566-568, 572-574.)
D 1995 Hasegawa et al. (Middle Mioc., Japan)
D 1995 Inuzuka, N. (locomotion)
x D 1996 Kozawa et al. (enamel structure; 354, 356-357.)
D 1997 Inuzuka, N. (inferred footprint & trackway)
x D 1997c Domning, D.P. (biostratigraphic utility; m179.)
D 1998 Kimura et al. (Akan-cho, Hokkaido, Japan)
D 1999 Suzuki & Kozawa (tooth histology & growth)
D 2000 Suzuki et al. (Desmostylus; crestal pit of molar cusps)
D 2001 Sawamura, H. (Keton skeleton; vertebral formula; 27-32.)
x D 2003 Clementz et al. (habitat & diet inferred from stable isotopes; 506-519.)
2007 Tomida & Ohta (Desmostylus sp.; Hokkaido, Japan; Middle Mioc.)
D 2009 Jacobs et al. (comp. w/ desmostylians from Olig.-Mioc., Alaska)
D 2012 Fujiwara & Hutchinson (Desmostylus, Paleoparadoxia repenningi; elbow adductor moment arm & forelimb posture)
D 2013 Hayashi et al. (bone histology & aquatic adaptation)
D 2013 Inuzuka, N. (osteology, paleoecological restoration)
2013 Benoit et al. (brain morphology; m3.)
D 2016 Santos et al. (Middle Mioc., California; ontogeny & senescence)
D * 2017 Matsui et al. (habitat preferences)
Desmostylus minor Nagao, 1937 ( 5 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1937a Nagao, T. (n.sp.; 46-49.)
x D 1937c Nagao, T. (referred specimen; 110-113.)
x D 1961 Hanzawa et al. (type specimen; 355.)
D 1966c Shikama, T.
x D 1971 Dubrovo & Sinel'nikova (syn. of D. hesperus; 671-672.)
Desmostylus mirabilis Nagao, 1935 ( 15 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
D * 1935b Nagao, T. (n.sp.)
x D 1937a Nagao, T. (comp. w/ D. minor; 47-49.)
x D 1937b Nagao, T. (m85.)
x D 1937c Nagao, T. (comp. w/ D. minor; 111-113.)
x D 1961 Hanzawa et al. (type specimen; 355.)
D * 1961 Ijiri & Kamei (skull)
D 1966a Shikama, T.
D 1966c Shikama, T.
x D 1971 Dubrovo & Sinel'nikova (syn. of D. hesperus; 671-673.)
D * 1980a Inuzuka, N. (redescription)
D * 1980b Inuzuka, N. (redescription)
D * 1981a Inuzuka, N. (redescription)
D * 1981b Inuzuka, N. (redescription)
D * 1982a Inuzuka, N. (redescription)
x D 1991 Clark, J.M. (syn. of D. hesperus; m492.)
Desmostylus sookensis Cornwall, 1922 ( 9 )
(= Cornwallius sookensis)
x D * 1922 Cornwall, I.E. (n.sp.; Late Olig., Vancouver Is., Canada; 122.)
D 1922 Woodward, A.S.
D 1923 Clark & Arnold
x D * 1923a Hay, O.P. (referred to Cornwallius, n.gen.; 106-107.)
x D 1924 Hay, O.P. (teeth; 3-5.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (syn. of Cornwallius sookensis; 223.)
x D 1935 LaMotte, R.S. (associated with flora; 51-52.)
D 1957 Pronina, I.G.
x D 1991 Clark, J.M. (syn. of Cornwallius sookensis; m490.)
Desmostylus watasei Hay, 1915 ( 5 )
(= Desmostylus hesperus)
x D * 1915 Hay, O.P. (n.sp.; 396-397.)
x D 1922 Cornwall, I.E. (m122.)
x D 1922 Hannibal, H. (comp. w/ American species; 239-240.)
x D 1931 Kellogg, R. (syn. of D. japonicus; 225.)
D 1966c Shikama, T.
Desmostylus wollosowitschi Pfizenmayer, 1927 ( 1 )
(Proboscidea; = Mammuthus)
x D * 1927 Pfizenmayer, E.W. (n.sp.; New Siberian Islands, Russia; 492-496.)
Digestive System ( 85 )
(SEE ALSO: Excretion and Defecation; Food; Mastication; Parasites; Parasitology; Sense Organs)
x * 1820b Home, E. (DD; 316-318, pls. 26-27.)
x 1820 Raffles, T.S. (DD; 177.)
x 1821b Home, E. (Trichechus comp. w/ DD; 391, pls. 28-29.)
x 1834 Rüppell, E. (DD; mouth & abdominal viscera; 103-106, pl. 6.)
x * 1838a Owen, R. (DD & other sirs.; 29-34.)
x 1847 Bischoff, T.L.W. (DD; tongue & hyoid; 3-6, pl. 1.)
x 1855a Gervais, P. (TI; small intestine 10.25 m long; m114.)
1857 Leydig, W.
x 1857 Rapp, W.v. (TM; tongue, tonsils, hyoid, esophagus, stomach, intestines; 88-89, 93-96, pl. 3.)
1861 Möbius, K. (TMM; rostral pads)
x * 1872a Murie, J. (TMM; 164-175.)
x 1876 Chapman, H.C. (TMM; 456-457, 460-461.)
x 1886 Waldeyer, W. (Trichechus; pharynx; 245-246, 248.)
x 1890 Pilliet, A.H. (Trichechus; stomach; 450-453.)
x * 1892 Waldeyer, W. (Trichechus; stomach & intestine; histology; 79-85.)
1895 Pilliet & Boulart
1896 Murie, J. (stomach)
1896 Murie, J. (stomach)
x * 1897 Beddard, F.E. (TI, TM; 47-50.)
x * 1899 Steller, G.W. (HG; 185-187, 190-192, 194.)
x 1905 Mitchell, P.C. (TI; intestine; 464-465, 516, 523, 525, 530, 533.)
* 1908a Gudernatsch, J.F.
* 1909 Gudernatsch, J.F.
x 1919 Anon. (TI; "two distinct stomachs"; 46.)
x 1922 Sonntag, C.F. (sir. tongues; 646-647, 654-655.)
x 1923 Kostanecki, K. (TI; cecum; 273-276.)
1940 Thomson, S.C.
x 1948 Bessac & Villiers (TS; believed to have an abdominal sac containing swallowed pebbles; 189.)
x 1953 Clark, E. (DD; Red Sea; m224, 1 pl.)
x 1953 Quiring & Harlan (TM; abdominal viscera; 194, 202.)
x 1954 Crusz & Fernand (DD; parasites; 499-507.)
1956 Meinertz, T. (DD; stomach)
x 1957 Gohar, H.A.F. (DD; anus, 10; rostral pads & palate, 14, 16-23; tongue, 24-29.)
x 1959 Jones, S. (DD; India; stomach & contents; 200.)
x 1968a Bertram & Bertram (DD; 388-389, 393.)
x * 1968 Lemire, M. (TS, DD; 475-520, pls. 25-28.)
x 1969 Caldwell et al. (DD; gall bladder, liver, & bile; 437-441.)
1971 Bradley, R.M. (tongue)
x * 1972 Kenchington, R.A. (DD; stomach & intestine; 884-887.)
1972 Ota, Y.
x 1975 Spain & Heinsohn (DD; intestine; allometry; 162-163, 165-166.)
x 1976 Allen et al. (DD; gastrointestinal tract; 43-44, 46.)
1976 Eisentraut, M. (palatal ridges)
x 1976 Lipkin, Y. (DD; Red Sea; digestive tract contents; 86-88, 94, 96.)
x * 1977 Marsh et al. (DD; stomach & duodenum; 271-295.)
x * 1977 Murray et al. (DD; hindgut & digestion; 7-10.)
1978 Hintz et al.
x 1978 Marsh et al. (DD; composition of intestinal gas, 162; review of digestive physiology, 162-163.)
1980 Yamasaki et al. (tongue)
x 1981 Best, R.C. (review of sir. digestive anatomy & physiology; 4-6, 11, 17-18, 21, 23-24.)
x 1981 Elliott et al. (DD; intestine & kidney; salmonellosis; 203-206.)
x 1981 Murray, R.M. (DD; volatile fatty acids in digestion; 166.)
x 1981 Odell et al. (TM; liver & pancreas weights; 54-56, 58-60, 63.)
1981d Reynolds, J.E., III (TM)
x 1981 Yamasaki et al. (DD; tongue; 182-191.)
x * 1982 Reynolds & Krause (TM; duodenum; 33-40.)
1984 Eisentraut, M.
x 1984 Lomolino & Ewel (TM; digestive efficiencies; 176-179.)
x 1984 Marsh & Eisentraut (DD; palatal ridges; 314-315.)
x * 1984 Snipes, R.L. (TM; cecum; 67-78.)
x * 1986 Burn, D.M. (TM; digestion & digestive efficiency; 139-142.)
1986 Kalashnikova & Kazanskaya (TM; liver cells)
1986 Naumova, E.I. (TM)
x 1987 Colares & Ferreira (TI; intestine blocked by polyp; 39.)
x 1988 Kuroki et al. (TML; gallbladder bile salts; 509-522.)
* 1988 Langer, P. (stomach)
x 1991 Chow, B.A. (TM; pop. acc.; 36.)
1995 Lanyon & Marsh (DD; digesta passage times; 119-127.)
x * 1996 Reynolds & Rommel (TML; gastrointestinal tract; 539-558.)
2001 Langer, P.
* 2001 Aketa & Kawamura (digestive functions in sirs.; review)
2001 Aketa et al. (DD in capt.; digestibility of Zostera marina; 23-34.)
2001 Langer, P.
2002 Levin & Pfeiffer (TML; tongue)
2003 Rommel et al.
2004b Goto et al. (DD; fermentation & digestibility of fiber)
2006a Lanyon & Sanson (DD; degenerate dentition & tooth wear)
2006b Lanyon & Sanson (DD; mastication)
2007 Larkin et al. (TML; digesta passage rates)
2008 Tsukinowa et al. (DD; in capt., Toba, Japan; fecal microbiota)
2011 Gillespie et al. (DD; small intestinal volvulus)
2013 Barbosa et al. (TI, in capt.; passage time of digesta)
2014 Navarro-M. et al. (TM; Cuba; diet & digestive tract)
2019 Suzuki et al. (in capt., Okinawa; fecal microbiota; comp. w/ TML.)
2019 Harshaw et al. (TML; apparent digestibility of fiber)
Diopia Rafinesque, 1815 ( 1 )
(family; = Sirenia)
x * 1815 Rafinesque, C.S. (n.fam.; 60.)
Dioplotherium allisoni (Kilmer, 1965) Domning, 1978 ( 17 )
x * 1978b Domning, D.P. (n.comb.; Mioc., California & Baja California; 2, 4-12, 14, 16, 74, 101-104, 107-108, 113-114, 116-118, 120, 125, 140, 143-144, 146-147, 150.)
x 1980 Haley, D. (pop. acc.; 7.)
x 1982b Domning, D.P. (incipient root hypsodonty; 614.)
x 1984 Raschke, R.E. (Middle Mioc., California; m64.)
x 1986 Domning & Ray (comp. w/ Oregon halitheriine; 272-273.)
x 1987a Domning, D.P. (pop. acc.; 66, 69-70.)
x 1989c Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Dioplotherium manigaulti; 417-418, 423-426.)
x 1989d Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Xenosiren yucateca; 435.)
x 1989 Toledo, P.M. de (comp. w/ "Sirenotherium pirabense"; 9.)
x 1990 MacPhee & Wyss (comp. w/ Metaxytherium cf. calvertense; 25.)
x * 1991 Toledo & Domning (D. cf. allisoni; Early Mioc., Brazil; 120-130, 133-141, 143-145.)
x 1996 Cozzuol, M.A. (review; 325-327.)
x 1997 Bajpai & Domning (comp. w/ Bharatisiren kachchhensis; 221, 224, 226.)
x 1997b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ other dugongines in cladistic analysis; 409-410.)
x 2006 Pledge, N.S. (comp. w/ "Dugonginae incertae sedis", Early Plioc., South Australia; 296, 298-299, 301-302.)
2019 Vélez-Juarbe & Wood (comp. w/Culebratherium alemani)
2021 Kerber & Moraes-Santos (Dioplotherium cf. allisoni; endocranial morphology; encephalization)
Dioplotherium Cope, 1883 ( 15 )
x * 1883a Cope, E.D. (n.gen.; 52-54.)
x 1891 Flower & Lydekker (considered incertae sedis; 223.)
x 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 154-155.)
x 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 135.)
x 1974 Domning, D.P. (m8.)
x 1982 Domning, Morgan & Ray (m62.)
x 1988 Estes & Steinberg (?feeding on North Pacific seagrasses; 21.)
x 1989 Toledo, P.M. de (comp. w/ "Sirenotherium"; 8-9.)
x 1990a Domning, D.P. (rhizivory experiments with model tusks; 35-36.)
x 1990b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Corystosiren varguezi; 362, 369.)
x 1997c Domning, D.P. (biostratigraphic utility; m179.)
2000 Cione et al. (Middle Mioc., Argentina)
2011 Cione et al. (South America, Mioc.)
2012 Veléz-J. et al. (Dioplotherium sp.; Late Mioc., Argentina)
2019 Vélez-Juarbe & Wood (comp. w/Culebratherium alemani)
Dioplotherium manigaulti Cope, 1883 ( 19 )
x * 1883a Cope, E.D. (n.gen.n.sp.; South Carolina; 52-54.)
x 1883b Cope, E.D. (abstract of 1883a; 309.)
x 1885a Woodward, H. ("Diplotherium"; m470.)
x v 1886 Manigault, G.E. (discovery of type specimen; 91-92.)
x 1923a Allen, G.M. ("Diplotherium"; 231-232.)
x * 1925 Kellogg, R. (referred to Metaxytherium; 59.)
x * 1926 Allen, G.M. (review; 458-459, pls. 2-3.)
x 1932a Simpson, G.G. (referred to Metaxytherium; 421, 445.)
x * 1966 Kellogg, R. (m78; review, 91-92.)
x 1978b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ D. allisoni; 5, 11.)
x 1989b Domning, D.P. (Mioc., Suwannee R., Florida; 55-56, 59.)
x * 1989c Domning, D.P. (revision; 415-428.)
x 1989d Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Xenosiren yucateca; 429-431, 434-436.)
x 1989 Morgan, G.S. (Mioc., Suwannee R., Florida; 29, 32, 39, 43, 46.)
x 1991 Toledo & Domning (comp. w/ Dioplotherium cf. allisoni; 122-130.)
x 1992 Hulbert, R.C., Jr. (Florida; in checklist; 29.)
x 1997 Bajpai & Domning (comp. w/ Bharatisiren kachchhensis; 221-226.)
x 1997b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Crenatosiren olseni; 397-398, 400, 403-404, 409-411.)
2012 Vélez-Juarbe et al.
Diving: SEE Respiration and Diving ( 0 )
Dominican Republic ( 11 )
x 1929 Miller, G.S., Jr. (TMM; archeological sites; 11-12.)
x 1942 Morison, S.E. (TMM; Azua; caught by Columbus in 1502; 592.)
1978 Belitsky & Belitsky (TM; distr. & abundance)
x 1980 Belitsky & Belitsky (TMM; 313-319.)
x 1989 Lefebvre et al. (TMM; distr., status, & biogeography; 574-575, 601.)
x 1994 Marsh & Lefebvre (TMM; conservation; 157.)
1994 Mattila et al.
1999 Mignucci, Williams et al. (TMM; helminths)
x 2001 Iturralde-V., M.A. (?Metaxytherium; Mioc.; Sierra del Agua; m8.)
2012 Self-Sullivan & Mignucci-Giannoni (TM; status & conservation)
2019 Domínguez-Tejo (TMM; history & conservation status)
Domningia sodhae Thewissen & Bajpai, 2009 ( 2 )
* 2009 Thewissen & Bajpai (n.gen.n.sp.; Early Mioc., Kutch, India)
2012 Vélez-Juarbe et al.
Domningia Thewissen & Bajpai, 2009 ( 1 )
* 2009 Thewissen & Bajpai (n.gen.; Early Mioc., Kutch, India)
Dugong australis (Retzius, 1794) [author of combination not identified] ( 13 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x 1917 Fairchild, D. (m339.)
1923 Mohr, E.
1934 Frechkop, S.
x 1941c Heuvelmans, B. (dentition; 11, 13, pl. 1.)
x 1941 Johnston & Mawson (Australia; nematode Dujardinia; 432.)
x 1943 Heuvelmans, B. (dentition; 9.)
x 1946 Slijper, E.J. (spinal column & muscles; 47, 52, 73, 75-78, 112, 114; tabs. 1, 3, 5, 6.)
x * 1955 MacMillan, L. (Australia; 17-20.)
x 1963 Berzin et al. ("D. australe"; m73.)
x 1963 Pfeffer, P. (m149.)
x 1971 Ginsburg & Janvier (comp. w/ Metaxytherium medium; 186, 188.)
x 1975 Martin, J.H.D. (Moreton Bay & Stradbroke Is., Queensland; 74.)
x 1982 Domning, Rice et al. (syn. of D. dugon; m305.)
Dugong dugon (Müller, 1776) Palmer, 1895 ( 863 )
v 1627 Sandoval, A. de (DD?)
x v 1773 Müller, P.L.S. ("Trichecus manatus"; gen. acc.; 174-175.)
1792 SEE Aragón, F., 1951.
x v 1798 Collins, D. (south of Botany Bay, New South Wales; 1:409.)
x v * 1809a Cuvier, G. (history of study, 273-278, 300; names, 278-280; as "mermaids", 280-281; Buffon's "lamantin", 293; Pennant's, 299; comp. w/ Trichechus, 300-302, pl. 19; confused with hippopotamus, 302; comp. w/ fossil sir., m306.)
x v 1814 Santos, J. dos (Mozambique; 700-701.)
1814 Flinders, M. (Moreton Bay, Australia)
x v 1820a Home, E. (tusks, 146-149, 153, pls. 12-14; ear region, 149-153; lower incisors, 153-154, pl. 14.)
x v 1820b Home, E. (teeth, 315-316; viscera, 316-321, pls. 26-30; eye, 321; skeleton, 321-322, pl. 31; external morphology, pl. 25.)
x v 1820 Raffles, T.S. (gen. acc.; 174-182.)
x v 1821a Home, E. (Sumatra; skeleton; 268-270, pl. 20.)
x v 1821b Home, E. (comp. w/ Trichechus; 390-391.)
x v 1827 King, Phillip P. ("dugon"; Shark Bay, Australia; m183.)
x 1830 Davies, J. H. ("Mombass" [=Mombasa, East Africa?]: 188.)
x v 1833 Robison, J. (preserved specimen from India; 100-101.)
x v 1838b Kaup, J.J. (tooth formula comp. w/ Halitherium; 536.)
x v * 1838a Owen, R. (anatomy of viscera & skeleton; 28-45.)
x v 1839a Owen, R. (teeth comp. w/ Basilosaurus; 35.)
1845 Brumund, J.F.G. (Aru Islands)
x v 1847 Bischoff, T.L.W. (skeleton, 2-3; throat & hyoid, 3-6, pl. 1.)
x v 1847 Brandt, J.F. (comp. w/ HG; 47-48.)
x v 1859 Baird, W. (Red Sea; nematode Ascaris halichoris; 148-149.)
x v 1860 McGrigor-Croft, J. (medicinal uses of oil; 7166-7169.)
x v 1860 Nordmann, A.v. (comp. w/ Manatus maeoticus; 331, 333.)
x v 1866 Lartet, E. (comp. w/ Rytiodus, 679-682, pl. 13; comp. w/ indeterminate sir., m683.)
1867 Rosenberg, C.B.H.v (Aru Islands)
x v 1867 Peters, K.F. (comp. w/ Halitherium Cordieri; 311-313.)
x v * 1870 Adams, A. (?dugong skull found in Sakhalin; 198.)
1875 Moresby, J. (Torres Strait; captures in 1873)
v 1875 Anon.
x v * 1877 Megasthenes (Ceylon; early 3rd century B.C.E.; 55.)
x v 1880 Delfortrie, E. (comp. w/ Rytiodus; 135-139, 141.)
x v 1884 De Vis, C.W. (comp. w/ Chronozoon; 394.)
x v 1885a Woodward, H. (ear ossicles; 462.)
x v 1890 Pilliet, A.H. (stomach; m452.)
1890 Haddon, A.C. (Torres Strait; scarification with dugong totems)
v 1893 Anon. (pop. acc.)
x v 1893 Howes & Harrison (Australia; skeleton & teeth; 790.)
x * 1895 Palmer, T.S. (n.comb.; 450.)
1896 Langkavel, R.
x v 1897 Beddard, F.E. (kidney, m51; heart, m52.)
x v 1897 Loyau, G.E. (Queensland; origins of fishery; 365.)
x v 1899 Hunt, A.E. (Torres Strait; used as food; m13.)
x 1899 Stiles & Hassall (nematode Ascaris halicoris; 108, 147-151, 169.)
x v 1901 Anon. (Torres Strait; hunting; 21238-21239.)
x v 1904 Liverseege, J.F. (analysis of oil; 211-214.)
x v * 1906b Dexler & Freund (behavior, senses, locomotion, etc.; 49-72.)
x v * 1906c Dexler & Freund (external morphology; 567-581.)
1907 Le Souëf, W.H.D. (Australia)
x v 1908 Anderson, R.J. (parietal bone; 547.)
x v 1909 Anon. (Australia; econ. uses & hunting; 93.)
x v 1912 Harris, W.K. (Australia; hunting, econ. & medicinal uses; 226-228.)
x 1915 Seale, A. ("D. dugong"; Philippines; 215-217, 1 pl.)
x 1917 Fairchild, D. (m339, 344.)
v 1917 Marius (pop. acc.)
x v 1919 Jay, D. (Australia; harpooning; 40-41.)
x 1923a Allen, G.M. ("D. dugong"; comp. w/ Metaxytherium floridanum; 233-235.)
x v 1923 Jackson, E.S. (Australia; medicinal use of oil by Dr. Wm. Hobbs; m282.)
x v * 1923a Petit, G. (Madagascar; ethnography; 75-83.)
x v 1923 Watson, E. (oil used in China; 103.)
x v 1925 Lee, I. (Australia; early accounts; 19-21, 482, 520, 523.)
x v 1927b Petit, G. (Madagascar; hunting rituals; 246-250.)
x v 1929 Prater, S.H. (Andaman Islands; carrying young; 987.)
v 1930 Anon. (pop. acc.)
1933 Oshima, H. (Japan; hunting)
x v 1933b Dollman, G. (Mafia Is., Tanganyika; 16-17.)
1933 Hirasaka, K.
x v 1933b Mortensen, T. (Rodriguez; former occurrence; 23-26.)
x v 1934b Mortensen, T. (Rodriguez; former occurrence; 71-72, 76.)
x 1935 Allen, G.M. ("D. dugong"; China; 79-81.)
x 1935 Barrett, O.W. (East Africa; 219-220.)
x v 1935 Sowerby, A. de C. (China; 81-82.)
x v 1936 Moore, W.R. (Australia; m746.)
x v 1936 Sowerby, A. de C. (China; 41-42.)
x v 1937 Sunter, G.H. (Northern Territory, Australia; harpooning; dugong killing crocodile; 53-61.)
x v 1938 Wood, T. (Buccaneer Archipelago, Australia; m46, m53.)
x v 1939 Lyman, C.P. (vestigial lower incisor; 229-231.)
x 1940 Pocock, R.I. (variation in tusks, teeth, skulls, & scapulae; 329-345.)
x v 1947 Johnson, I. (seen in southwestern Pacific, locality unstated; 130, 143-144.)
x v 1949 Jervis, J. (Queensland; oil industry; 340.)
x v 1949 Loveless, J.R. (Queensland; netted for oil; 8.)
xv 1949 Negus, V. E. (larynx; m77.)
x v 1950 Mohr, E. (skin, m183-184; illustration of skull, 183.)
x v 1951b Burton, M. (pop. acc.; 588.)
x 1951 Crusz, H. (Sri Lanka; trematode Indosolenorchis hirudinaceus; 135.)
x 1951 Fernand, V.S.V. ("D. Dugung"; pituitary & adrenal histology; 57-62, pls. 1-2.)
x 1951 Herklots, G.A.C. (Hong Kong; 93.)
x v 1953 Clark, E. (Red Sea; 175-176, 212, 224-225, 3 pls.)
x v 1953 Fernand, V.S.V. (dentition; 139-147, pls. 28-30.)
x 1954 Crusz & Fernand ("D. dugong"; Sri Lanka; trematodes; 499-507, 2 pls.)
1954 Tweedie & Harrison (Malaysia)
x v 1955a Anon. (Palau; in capt., San Francisco; 79.)
x v 1955b Anon. (Palau; in capt., San Francisco; 73-74.)
x v 1956a Anon. (Palau; in capt., San Francisco; 49.)
x 1956 Harry, R.R. (Palau; in capt., San Francisco; 21-27.)
x 1956 Simpson, D.A. (in capt., San Francisco; pop. acc.; 54, 57, 74.)
x 1957 Bayer & Harry-Rofen (Palau; 502, pl. 20.)
x 1957 Gohar, H.A.F. ("D. dugong"; comp. w/ Red Sea "subspecies"; 37-40, 48.)
x v 1958 Anon. (Kenya; photos; 693, 792.)
x v 1958 Leakey, L.S.B. (East Africa; natural history; 19-20.)
x v 1958 Savory, B. (East Africa; 255-258.)
x * 1959 Jones, J. ("D. dugong"; India; in capt.; 198-202.)
x v 1959 Spittel, R.L. (Sri Lanka; captures; 174-175.)
1959 Thesiger, W. (Arabia)
x 1960 Crusz, H. ("D. dugong"; pop. acc.; 300-302.)
x v 1960 Norris, C.E. (Sri Lanka; distr. & captures; 296-300.)
x v 1960 Spittel, R.L. (Sri Lanka; sanctuary; 304-305.)
x v 1960 Williams, J.H. (Persian Gulf & North Andaman Is.; 9-12.)
x 1961 Dill, W.A. (m2.)
x 1961 Jonklaas, R. ("D. dugong"; Sri Lanka; in capt.; 1-8.)
x v 1961 Moore, J.C. (pop. acc.; 54-55.)
x 1961 Santapau & Abdulali (Bombay; corrects erroneous record; 796.)
x 1961 Silas, E.G. (India; 263-266.)
x 1962 Marlow, B.J. (New South Wales; 433.)
x v 1962 Sarkar & Mitra (hide & hair; 93-94, 1 pl.)
x 1962 Tranngocloi, N. ("D. dugong"; Vietnam; 451-452, pl. 12.)
1963 Bertram, G.C.L. (gen. acc.)
x 1963 Lal Mohan, R.S. (India; 152.)
x 1963 Pfeffer, P. ("D. dugong"; Indonesia; 149-151.)
x v 1963 Tenney & Remmers (quantitative lung morphology; 54-55.)
1964 Harrison & Tomlinson
x 1964 Johnson, D.H. (Arnhem Land, Australia; skull measurements; 506-508.)
1964 Weiss, F.
x v 1965 Harrisson, T. (Borneo, Sabah; status; 103.)
x v 1966a Anon. (Kenya; netting; pop. acc.; 46-49.)
x v 1966a Bertram & Bertram (Australasia; status; 938-939.)
x v 1966b Bertram & Bertram (gen. acc.; 211-217.)
x 1966c Bertram & Bertram (Australia; 221-222.)
x v 1966d Bertram & Bertram (pop. acc.; 180-184.)
x 1966 Funaioli & Simonetta (Somali Republic; status; 317.)
1966 Harrison, J.L. (Singapore)
x * 1966 Jarman, P.J. (Kenya; natural history & status; 82-88.)
1966 Jones, S.
x 1966a Kaiser, H.E. (body cavity arrangement & hydrostasis; 60, 64-65, 69.)
x 1966 Kellogg, R. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium calvertense; 75, 77, 82, 84, 86-88.)
x v 1966 Little, E.C.S. (Australia; proposed use in weed control; 86.)
1966 Serventy, V.
x 1967 Aung, S.H. (Burma; 221.)
x 1967 Browder, J. (m5.)
x * 1967a Jones, S. (India; 215-220.)
x 1967 Kenny, R. ("D. dugong"; breathing pattern; 372-373.)
1967 Nishiwaki, M.
x 1967 Oke, V.R. (Queensland; in capt.; 220-221.)
1968 Banfield, E.J. (Australia)
x 1968a Bertram & Bertram (ecology & econ. use; 386, 388-390, 393-394.)
1968 Blackburn & Andres
x 1968 Keith, K. (Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia; 20.)
x v 1968 Lack, C. (Queensland; history of oil industry; 4-6.)
x 1968 Lemire, M. ("D. dugong"; stomach; 476-479, 485-486, 495, 497-498, 505, 513-515.)
1968 Ray, G.C. (Tanzania)
x 1968 Rice & Scheffer (distr.; 5.)
x v 1969 Anon. (Australia; hunting banned; 90.)
1969 Arbocco, G.
x 1969 Bibby, G. (Abu Dhabi; use for food; 224, 303-304, 306.)
x 1969 Caldwell et al. (gall bladder, liver, & bile; 437-441.)
x 1969 Curry-Lindahl, K. (protected under African Conservation Convention; 122.)
x 1969a Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (comp. w/ Miodugong; 97.)
1969 Fisher et al.
x v 1969 Frye & Herald (in capt., San Francisco; osteomyelitis; 1076.)
x v 1969 Herald, E.S. (from Palau; in capt., San Francisco; 29-30.)
x * 1969 Robineau, D. ("D. dugong"; temporal & ear region, 3-31; intraspecific variation, 6.)
x v 1970a Bertram & Bertram (Sri Lanka; conservation; 53-55.)
x 1970b Bertram & Bertram (Sri Lanka; 362-364.)
x 1970 Howes & Bamber (Kenya & Sri Lanka; 327.)
x 1970 Scheffer, V.B. (tusk growth; 187-190.)
x 1970 Yin, T. (Burma; 326-327.)
1971 Ohama, N. (Japan; hunting with nets)
x v 1971 Almeida, A. de (Timor; legends; 209, 211-212, 220.)
x v 1971 Bertram & Bertram (Australia; pop. acc.; 146-147.)
x 1971 Fleischer, G. (functional anatomy of ear; 351-353, 355-359.)
x 1971 Hellwing & Steinitz (Gulf of Aqaba; 11-12.)
x v 1971 Hoffmann, T.W. (Sri Lanka; protective legislation; m182.)
x 1971 Hughes & Oxley-Oxland (Mozambique; status; 299-301.)
x 1971 Jones, M.L. (in capt.; 85.)
x * 1971 Kingdon, J. (East Africa; natural history; 388-399, 431-432.)
1971 McCue, J.
x 1971 Sharma & Gupta ("D. dugong"; India; trematode Paracochleotrema indicum; 285.)
x * 1972 Heinsohn & Birch ("D. dugong"; Australia; food; 414-422.)
x * 1972 Heinsohn, G.E. ("D. dugong"; Australia; natural history; 205-212.)
x 1972 Kenchington, R.A. (digestive system; 884-887.)
x v 1972 Lawrie, M.E. (Torres Strait; folktales; 3-6, 22-28.)
x 1972 Por, F.D. (Gulf of Aqaba; 12-13.)
x * 1972 Stoddart, D.R. (former distr., western Indian Ocean; 207-215.)
x v 1972 Walker, K. (Queensland; netting & eating; 71, 73-74.)
x * 1973 Bertram & Bertram (distr. & status, 299-316; econ. use, 321-324; hunting & capture, 325-328, pl. 1; conservation, 330-332, 336; dugongs caught at Numbulwar, Australia, 333-335.)
x v 1973 Cantley, R. (Australia; status & conservation; 34-35, 52.)
1973 Gruchet, H. (Mozambique Channel)
x * 1973 Mitchell, J. (age determination, 1-23; sexual dimorphism, 14, 16-21.)
x 1973 Sonoda & Takemura (in capt., Japan; 2 photos; 20.)
x 1973 Spain & Heinsohn (Australia; cyclone & feeding changes; 678-680.)
x 1974 Bertram, G.C.L. (conservation; 7, 15-19.)
x 1974 Fondi & Pacini (incus, comp. w/ Metaxytherium forestii; pl. 45.)
x * 1974 Heinsohn & Spain (Queensland; netting; sex & age ratios; effects of cyclone; 143-152.)
x * 1974 James, P.S.B.R. (India; osteological variation; 173-184.)
1974a MacVeigh, W.P.
x 1974b Macveigh, W.P. (color & possible confusion with Neomeris; 117.)
x 1974 Spain & Heinsohn (Australia; cranial & mandibular allometry; 249-257.)
x 1975a Husar, S.L. (pop. acc.; 15-18.)
x v 1975 Kirkman, H. (Tin Can Bay, Queensland; m131.)
* 1975 Nair et al. (India)
x * 1975 Spain & Heinsohn (Queensland; size & weight allometry; 159-167.)
x * 1976 Allen et al. (Sulawesi; in capt.; general biology; 33-48.)
x 1976b Anon. (pop. acc.; 62-63.)
1976e Anon. (Australia)
1976 Berhanu, A. (Red Sea)
x 1976 Campbell, H.W. ("D. dugong"; gen. acc.; 1-2, 7-8.)
1976 Carp, E. (United Arab Emirates)
x 1976 Gallagher, M.D. (Bahrain; 211.)
x 1976 Heinsohn & Wake (Fraser Is., Queensland; habitat; 15-18.)
x 1976 Heinsohn, Marsh & Spain (Queensland; netting technique; 117-121.)
x 1976 Heinsohn, Spain & Anderson (Queensland; aerial surveys; 21-23.)
1976 Hojo, T. (Okinawa; at archaeological site)
x 1976 Ligon, S.H. (Queensland; aerial survey; 580-582.)
x * 1976 Lipkin, Y. (Red Sea; stomach contents & feeding; 81-96.)
x 1976 Mitchell, J. (age determination by tusk growth layers; 25-28.)
1976 Moore & Balzarotti (Red Sea)
1976 Ormond, R.F.G. (Red Sea)
1976 Reinhart, R.H. (incisor anomalies)
x v 1976 Roaf, M. (Bahrain; archeol. site; 144, 149-151.)
x 1976 Spain et al. (Australia; cranial variation; 491-497.)
x 1976 Tas'an (Indonesia; capture & captive history; 1-12.)
x 1976 Tinley et al. (Mozambique; in wildlife reserves; 346, 348, 350.)
x 1976 Whitaker, Z. (India; hunting, econ. use; 6.)
x v 1977a Anon. (South India; meat sold; 439.)
1977e Anon.
x v 1977 Bertram, G.C.L. (Abu Dhabi; exploitation; 4.)
x 1977 Blair, D. (Australia; parasitic flukes; 64.)
x * 1977a Domning, D.P. (myology; 1-57.)
x v 1977 Harris & Bertram (Abu Dhabi; exploitation; 5-6.)
x 1977 Heinsohn & Marsh (Australia; pop. acc.; 106-111.)
x 1977 Heinsohn et al. (role in seagrass system; 235-248.)
x v 1977b Heinsohn, G.E. (pop. acc.; 1-5.)
x v 1977 Hooijer, D.A. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium cf. medium; 4-5.)
x 1977 Jueco, N.L. (Philippines; nematode Paradujardinia halicoris; 257-262.)
x 1977 Ligon & Hudson (Papua New Guinea; aerial survey; 1-5.)
x * 1977 Marsh et al. (stomach & duodenum; 271-295.)
x 1977 Murray et al. (Australia; digestion in hindgut; 7-10.)
x 1977 Nair & Lal Mohan (India; in capt.; sound recordings; 277-278.)
x v 1977 Nietschmann, B. (Torres Strait; feeding, tides; 10-12, 14.)
1977 Nishiwaki, M.
x 1977 Van Bree & Duguy (Indochina & New Caledonia; 290-291.)
x 1977 Whitmore & Gard (comp. w/ HG; 11, 13, 16.)
1977? Hussainy, H.S.H. (India)
x v 1978 Abdulali, H. (Great Nicobar Is.; 749.)
x * 1978 Anderson & Birtles (Queensland; behavior & ecology; 1-23.)
x 1978 Anderson & Heinsohn (Australia; status survey; 13-26.)
1978 Asano et al. (in capt., Toba, Japan)
1978 Bhaskar, S. (Gulf of Kutch, India)
x 1978a Domning, D.P. (myology, comp. w/ TI; 8-56, 66-71.)
x 1978c Domning, D.P. (phyletic position & occurrence in Africa; 573-574, 576, 578-579.)
x 1978 Heinsohn et al. (Brisbane, Australia; 91-92.)
x 1978a Heinsohn, G.E. (conservation; pop. acc.; 29-30.)
* 1978a Husar, S.L. (review)
x 1978 Kasuya & Nishiwaki (age determination by tusk growth layers; 301-310, 4 pls.)
x * 1978 Marsh et al. (review of anatomy & physiology; 159-168.)
x v 1978 Marshall, A.J. (Australia; Aboriginal story; 80-84.)
x 1978 McCabe et al. (oxygen affinity of hemoglobin; 19-22.)
x * 1978 Mitchell, J. (age determination by tusk growth layers; 317-348.)
1978 Ormond, R.F.G. (Red Sea)
x 1978 Stanbury, P.J. (Australia; accounts by Dampier & Portlock; 18-19.)
x v 1978 Taylor, D. (Sumatra; tears used as aphrodisiac; 205-213.)
1979 Kamiya, Uchida, et al.
x * 1979 Anderson, P.K. (review of behavior; 113-144.)
x 1979 Blair, D. (Australia; trematode Labicola elongata; 519-526.)
x 1979 Budiarso et al. (Sulawesi; nasal parasites; 568.)
x 1979 Caton, A. (Australia; pop. acc.; 1-4.)
v 1979a Cropp, B. (Australia; pop. acc.)
x 1979a Farmer et al. (blood chemistry, comp. w/ TI; 231.)
x 1979 Hartman, D.S. (behavior & ecology, comp. w/ TM; 32, 49, 57-59, 62, 67, 69, 75, 82, 85-86, 111-112, 121-124, 132, 136, 138.)
x v 1979 Hilmy et al. (Red Sea; hematology; 197-203.)
x 1979 Hoch, E. (United Arab Emirates; archeological site; 591, 597-601, 604, 606, 634.)
x 1979 Kamiya et al. (organ weights; 129-132, pls. 1-4.)
x 1979 Miyazaki et al. (Sulawesi; metals & organochlorines in tissues; 125-128.)
x 1979 Nishiwaki et al. (distr.; 133-141.)
x v 1979 Pedley, I. (Queensland; oil industry; 231.)
x 1979 Tas'an et al. (Indonesia; capture, transport, captive maintenance, morphometrics, necropsy data; 1-30.)
x v 1979 Zhang, Z.-m. (China; pop. acc.; 33-36.)
v 1979c Cropp, B. (Australia; hunting by Bardi Aborigines)
x v 1980 Bertram, G.C.L. (research & conservation; gen. acc.; 219-221.)
x 1980 Blair, D. (Indopacific region; trematode Indosolenorchis hirudinaceus; 511-513.)
x 1980 Bullock et al. (sound production & hearing, comp. w/ TI; 130, 132.)
1980 Carrier & Carrier (Papua New Guinea)
v 1980 Caton, A. (Australia; pop. acc.)
x 1980 Denton et al. (Queensland; heavy metals in tissues; 201-219.)
x * 1980a Hudson, B.E.T. (Papua New Guinea; conservation; 1-102.)
x 1980 Inuzuka et al. (comp. w/ Mioc. tooth from Japan; 640-641.)
x 1980 Kataoka & Asano (in capt., Toba, Japan; 269-270.)
x 1980 Lal Mohan, R.S. (India; seasonal occurrence, sex ratio; 391-397.)
x * 1980 Marsh, H. (Australia; age determination; 181-201.)
1980 Olewale & Sedu (Papua New Guinea)
x 1980 Sander, H.E. (Papua New Guinea; feeding habitats; 1-31.)
x 1981 Strahan, R. (Malay and Latin names; 33.)
x * 1981a Anderson, P.K. (behavior & conservation; 640-647.)
x 1981b Anderson, P.K. (Australia; behavior; 91-111.)
x 1981 Bertram, G.C.L. (past abundance & prospects; 1-7.)
x 1981 Best, R.C. (diet & nutrition; 3-6, 13-15, 21-24.)
x 1981a Blair, D. (Australia; parasitic flukes; 1-54.)
x 1981b Blair, D. (parasites; gen. acc.; 46.)
x 1981c Blair, D. (techniques for parasite collection; 275-285.)
x 1981 Brownell, Anderson et al. (Palau; status; 19-42.)
x 1981 Campbell & Ladds (Queensland; diseases; 176-181.)
x 1981 Chase, A. (Australia; Aboriginal use & beliefs; 112-122.)
x 1981 Denton & Breck (Queensland; mercury in tissues; 117, 119-120.)
x 1981a Denton, G.R.W. (Queensland; heavy metals in tissues; 169-174.)
x 1981 Elliott et al. (salmonellosis; 203-208.)
x 1981 Elliott, M.A. (Northern Territory, Australia; distr. & status; 57-66.)
x 1981a Heinsohn, G.E. (Queensland; distr. & status; 55-56.)
x 1981c Heinsohn, G.E. (aerial survey techniques; 217-227.)
x 1981d Heinsohn, G.E. (techniques for measurement and for data & specimen collection; 228-238.)
x 1981 Hendrokusumo et al. (Indonesia; distr.; 10-18.)
x 1981b Hudson, B.E.T. (Papua New Guinea; conservation & public education; 123-141.)
x v 1981 Johannes, R.E. (Palau; hunting & sale; 25, 68, 73.)
x 1981 Johnstone & Hudson (Papua New Guinea; mouth samples of diet; 681-690.)
x 1981 Jones, S. (Burma, India, Sri Lanka, & neighboring areas; distr. & status; 43-54.)
x 1981 Kamiya & Yamasaki (sinus hair; 193-197.)
x 1981 Kataoka & Asano (in capt., Toba, Japan; 199-203.)
x 1981 Marsh & Glover (male reproductive tract; 261-273.)
x 1981 Marsh & Heinsohn (Queensland; workshop on aerial survey techniques; 345-353.)
x 1981 Marsh & Kasuya (workshop on reading growth layers of tusks; 354-368.)
x 1981 Marsh et al. (Wellesley Islands, Queensland; hunting & conservation; 255-267.)
x * 1981a Marsh, H. (proceedings of dugong seminar/workshop; 1-400.)
x 1981d Marsh, H. (female reproductive tract; 248-259.)
x 1981e Marsh, H. (techniques for age determination; 311-343.)
x 1981 Maynes & Hudson (on Papua New Guinea postage stamp; 4-6.)
x 1981 Mitchell, J. (DD; Queensland; age determination; 99-109.)
x 1981 Murray, R.M. (volatile fatty acids; 166-168.)
x v * 1981 Nietschmann & Nietschmann (Torres Strait; hunting & econ. use; 54-62.)
x 1981 Prince et al. (Western Australia; distr. & status; 67-87.)
x 1981 Purse, B. (Queensland; hunting; review of film; 199-200.)
x 1981 Rainey, W.E. (tissue sampling techniques for electrophoresis; 240-247.)
x 1981 Santiapillai, C. (Sri Lanka; ecology & conservation; 2-6.)
x 1981a Spain & Marsh (Australia; cranial variation; 143-161.)
x 1981b Spain & Marsh (standard skull measurements; 286-301.)
x 1981 Sprent, J.F.A. (nematode Paradujardinia halicoris; 309-310, 319, 321-322, pl. 3.)
x 1981 Yamasaki et al. (tongue; 182-191.)
1982 Sokolov, V.E. (skin)
1982 Rancurel & Intes (New Caledonia; remains in tiger shark stomachs)
x * 1982a Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; population size & habitat use; 69-84.)
x * 1982b Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; behavior; 85-99.)
x 1982 Barnett & Johns (Queensland; hunting, conservation, underwater observations; 515-524.)
x 1982 Domning, Rice et al. (distr. & status; 305.)
x 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (body proportions, 375; pelvis, 390-392.)
x 1982 Ligon, S.L.H. (Kenya; aerial survey; 511-513.)
x 1982 Marsh & Heinsohn (Australia & Papua New Guinea; conservation; 1-5.)
x 1982 Marsh et al. (Queensland; stomach contents; 55-67.)
x 1982 Robineau & Rose (Djibouti; 233-238.)
x 1982 Wagner, R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a dugong; 38.)
x v 1983a Anon. (Persian Gulf; deaths from oil spill; 180.)
x v 1983 Begley et al. (Persian Gulf; deaths from Nowruz oil spill; 79.)
x 1983a Domning, D.P. (dental evolution; pop. acc.; 11.)
x 1983 Marsh & Anderson (Australia; capture myopathy; 1-3.)
x 1983 Marsh, H. (Vanuatu; conservation recommendations; 1-5.)
x 1983 Mead, J.G. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a porpoise, possibly a dugong; 161-162.)
x 1983 Piggins et al. (eyes & vision, comp. w/ TI; 112, 121-126.)
v 1983 Powell, J.A., Jr. (Australia; pop. acc.)
x v 1983 Preen & Heinsohn (Australia; 4 photos; 20-21.)
x 1983 Sibert, J.R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" probably a marine mammal; 159-161.)
x 1983 Tisdell, C.A. (Papua New Guinea; conservation; 14-15.)
x 1983 Wagner et al. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a dugong; 113-125.)
x 1984b Anon. (DD; Arabian Gulf; deaths from oil spills and fishing; leather used for sandals; 362.)
x 1984a Anderson, P.K. (suckling; 510.)
x 1984c Anderson, P.K. (Queensland; behavior & ecology; 37-42.)
v 1984 Cropp, B. (Australia; pop. acc.)
x 1984 Hudson, B.E.T. (Papua New Guinea; hunting; pop. acc.; 298-301.)
x 1984 Marsh & Eisentraut ("D. dugong"; palatal ridges; 314-315.)
x 1984c Marsh, H. (Australia; rescue of animals stranded by cyclone; 106-107.)
x * 1984 Marsh, Heinsohn & Channells (female reproductive tract; 743-766.)
x * 1984 Marsh, Heinsohn & Glover (male reproductive tract; 721-742.)
x * 1984 Marsh, Heinsohn & Marsh (reproduction & population dynamics; 767-788.)
1984a Minnegal, M. (Queensland; archeological site)
x v 1984b Minnegal, M. (Queensland; archeological site; butchering; 15-20.)
x 1984 Nietschmann, B. (Torres Strait; hunting & ecology; 625-651.)
x 1984 Rainey et al. (molecular systematics; 586-587.)
x 1984 Robinson, N.H. (New South Wales; strandings; 157.)
1984a Salm & Usher (Indonesia)
1984b Salm & Usher (Indonesia)
x 1984 Short, R.V. (Australia; gen. acc.; karyotype; 382-384.)
x 1985 Anderson & Prince (Shark Bay, Australia; attacks by killer whales; 554-556.)
x 1985 Baldwin, C.L. (Australia; conservation & management; 1-20.)
x v 1985 Beckjord, J.-E. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" a dugong; 154-155.)
x 1985 Fortelius, M. (cheek tooth morphology & eruption; m11.)
x v 1985 Greenwell, J.R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a dugong; 151-154.)
x 1985 Kenchington, R.A. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; conservation; 89-90.)
x 1985 Kendall, B. (Kenya; pop. acc.; 32-33.)
1985 Nishiwaki & Marsh
x 1985 Pirlot & Kamiya ("D. dugong"; brain morphology; 147-155.)
x 1985 Rowlatt & Marsh (heart & great vessels; 95-106.)
x v 1985 Sibert, J.R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" possibly a dugong; 144-145.)
v 1985 Taylor, D.C. (Arabia; pop. acc.)
1985 Thomson, D.F. (Australia)
1985 Vousden, D.H.
x v 1985 Wagner, R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a dugong; 149-151, 156.)
1985 Wilson, S. (gen. acc.)
1985 Al-Tikriti, W.Y. (United Arab Emirates; archaeological site)
x 1986a Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; temperature, nutrition, & seasonal movements; 473-490.)
x v 1986c Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; behavior & research; pop. acc.; 162-167.)
x v 1986c Anon. (not exterminated from Persian Gulf by oil spill; 25.)
x v 1986 Baldwin, C.L. (Queensland; conservation; 206-212.)
x 1986 Bayliss, P. (Australia; aerial survey techniques; 27-37.)
1986 Bhaskar, S. (India)
x 1986 Blair, D. (parasites; gen. acc.; S21-S22.)
x v 1986 Goldsmith, P. (East Africa; hunting with remoras; 231.)
1986c Hudson, B.E.T. (Papua New Guinea; conservation & traditional hunting)
1986 Marsh, Freeland et al. (Australia; stranded by cyclone)
x * 1986a Marsh, H. (Torres Strait; population model & status; 53-76.)
x 1986 Prince, R.I.T. (northern Western Australia; 1-38.)
x 1986 Tisdell, C.A. (Australia & Papua New Guinea; conservation; 102-104.)
1986 Wang & Sun (China; distr.)
x 1986 Williams, T.R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" definitely a dugong; 61-68.)
x v 1987 Finger, J. (Queensland; history of oil industry; 3-5.)
1987 Frazier et al. (Red Sea)
x 1987 Greenwell, J.R. (Papua New Guinea; history of study of "ri"; 140-144.)
1987 Kataoka, T. (gen. acc.)
1987 Marsh, H. (Australia)
x 1987 Mossman, H.W. (fetal membranes; 267-268.)
1987 Preen, A.R. (Persian Gulf)
1987 Rathbun, Reid & Tas'an (radiotagging)
1987 Vine & Schmid (Red Sea)
x 1987 Whitten et al. (Sulawesi; gen. acc.; 205, 207-210, pl. 13.)
x 1987 Wootton, J.T. (body mass & age at first reproduction; m748.)
1988 Shearer, W. (in capt.; raising for meat proposed)
1988 Anderson, G.R.V. (Australia; traditional hunting)
1988a Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia)
1988b Anderson, P.K. (aerial survey)
1988 Bradley, J.J. (Australia; traditional hunting)
1988 Davis, S. (Australia; traditional hunting)
x 1988 Doig & Dyson (Australia; satellite tracking; 438-439.)
x 1988 Fischer, M.S. (ear region, comp. w/ TM; 368-369, 374, 376.)
1988 Gray & Zann (Australia; traditional knowledge)
x 1988 Hasegawa, H. (Okinawa; nematode Paradujardinia halicoris; 23-25.)
x 1988 Ho, H.C. (Singapore; gen. acc., stranding records; 22-25.)
x * 1988a Marsh, H. (Australia; review of ecology & conservation; 9-21.)
x 1988b Marsh, H. (Australia; status of research; 128-130.)
x v 1988c Marsh, H. (Australia; gen. acc.; 8-10.)
1988d Marsh, H. (Australia)
x 1988e Marsh, H. (Australia; conservation; 495-502.)
1988 Prince, R.I.T. (Australia; traditional knowledge)
x 1988 Rathbun et al. (Palau; status; 265-270.)
x 1988 Reddacliff, G. (Australia; killed by cookie-cutter sharks; 133-134.)
x 1988 Sehm, G.G. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" not a dugong; 145-149.)
1988 Smith, A.J. (Australia; traditional hunting)
x v 1988 Smith, D. (Australia; children's article; 44-47.)
x 1988 Tucker & Puddicombe (Australia; conservation; 82-83.)
x 1988 Williams, T.R. (Papua New Guinea; "ri" a dugong; 149-151.)
1988 Howell, K.M. (Tanzania; conservation)
x 1989 Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; foraging on macroinvertebrates; 4-6.)
x v 1989 Bay & Demoulin (Hansa Bay, Papua New Guinea; m12.)
x 1989 Bayliss & Freeland ("D. dugong"; Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia; distr. & abundance; 141-149.)
x 1989 Buffrénil & Schoevaert (pachyostosis; 2107-2119.)
x 1989 Chambers & Bani (Vanuatu; status; 13-14.)
x 1989c Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Dioplotherium manigaulti, 424; evolution of tusks, 426.)
1989 Lanyon et al.
x * 1989 Leatherwood & Reeves (Sri Lanka; status, distr., catch, conservation; 4-5, 7, 61, 64, 80, 82-91, 105, 129-132.)
1989 Marsh & Saalfeld
x 1989a Marsh & Sinclair (Australia; aerial surveys; visibility bias correction; 1018-1028.)
1989b Marsh & Sinclair
x 1989a Marsh, H. (Australia; stranded by cyclone; 78-84.)
1989c Marsh, H. (gen. acc.)
x * 1989 Preen et al. (Arabian region; conservation; 1-43.)
x * 1989a Preen, A. (Arabian region; status & conservation; 1-200.)
x 1989b Preen, A. (Queensland; mating behavior; 382-387.)
1989 Slade et al. (Australia; pop. acc.)
x 1990 Eiser, P. (Australia; m28; gen. acc., 73.)
x * 1990 Marsh & Rathbun (Queensland; radio & satellite tracking; 83-100.)
1990 Marsh & Saalfeld (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia; distr. & abundance)
x 1990 Marsh & Saalfeld (Australia, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Queensland; distr. & abundance; 511-524.)
x * 1990 O'Shea & Reep (encephalization quotients & life history; 534-543.)
1990 Parer-Cook & Parer (Australia)
x 1990 Paterson, R.A. (Queensland; mortality from shark nets; 155-156.)
x 1990 Sigurdsson & Yang (Singapore; 25-29, 33-34.)
x 1990 Smith & Marsh (Queensland; management of traditional hunting; 47-55.)
1990 Al-Khalili, A.D. (Bahrain)
1990 Desse & Desse-Berset (Failaka, Kuwait; archaeological site)
1990 Bowdler, S. (Shark Bay, Australia; archaeological sites)
x 1990 Rao & Khan (Andaman Islands; status; 33.)
x 1991 Bradley, J.J. (Australia; traditional hunting; 91-110.)
x 1991a Brown, J.N.B. (United Arab Emirates; status; 20-21.)
x 1991b Brown, J.N.B. (Abu Dhabi; meat sold; 33.)
x 1991 Domning & de Buffrénil (hydrostatic adaptations of skeleton; 337, 358-359, 361-362.)
x 1991a Domning, D.P. (pelvic bones; sexual & ontogenetic variation; 311-316.)
x 1991 Frazier & Mundkur (Gulf of Kutch, India; anatomy, status; 368-379.)
1991 Johannes & MacFarlane (Torres Strait)
x v 1991 Johnson, R.L. (Australia; pop. acc.; 36-46.)
1991a Kamiya, T. (effects of Persian Gulf war)
x 1991 Kingdon, J. (Arabia; pop. acc.; 112-114.)
x 1991 Marsh & Saalfeld (DD; Torres Strait; status; 187-194.)
1991 Marsh, H. (Australia; gen. acc.)
x 1991 Pietsch, T.W. (S. Fallours' painting of a mermaid probably based on a dugong from Ambon; 2, 5, 10, 12-13.)
x 1991 Prieur & Guérin (United Arab Emirates; archeological site; 72-83.)
x 1992 Blair & Hudson (Papua New Guinea; trematode Lankatrematoides gardneri; 1077-1079.)
1992 Dong et al. (China; larynx, trachea, lungs)
x 1992 Hellyer, P. (Abu Dhabi; 44.)
x 1992 Marmontel et al. (reproductive biology; 295-302, 308.)
1992 Preen et al.
x 1992 Whitten & Whitten (Indonesia; pop. acc.; 60-61.)
1992 Young, G.
1993b Lal Mohan, R. S. (India; status)
x 1993a Anon. (India; conservation; 42.)
x v 1993 Brown, J. (Australia; seagrass dieoff; pop. acc.; 11.)
x 1993 Erftemeijer et al. (South Sulawesi; stomach contents; 229-233.)
x v 1993 Harling, R. (Shark Bay, Australia; lekking behavior; pop. acc.; 10-11.)
x 1993 Hellyer, P. (Abu Dhabi; 24.)
1993 Lee Long et al. (Queensland; feeding trails)
x 1993 Loyer, B. (Vanuatu; behavior of lone individual; 54-55.)
x 1993 Marsh et al. (Australia & Oceania; conservation; 232-234.)
x 1993 Staub, F. (extinct in Mauritius; 10-11, 48-49.)
x 1993 Wang, P. (China, Taiwan; distr.; 275-278.)
1993 Steele & Kuhl (Moreton Bay, Australia; warm-water refugia)
1993 Van Neer & Gautier (United Arab Emirates; archaeological site)
1993 Uerpmann, M. (Bahrain; archaeological site)
1993 Sea Aueng et al. (Thailand)
1994a Kamiya, Toshiro (in capt., Toba, Japan)
1994 Adulyanukosal & Chantrapornsyl (Thailand)
x v 1994 Anderson, I. (Oyster Point, Queensland; resort construction threat to habitat; 7.)
x 1994 Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; distr. & food in winter; 381-388.)
x 1994 Aragones, L.V. (Philippines; use of seagrass beds; 709-717.)
x 1994 Ho et al. (Singapore; gen. acc.; 249.)
x 1994 Johnson et al. (brain traits; 322, 328, 333-335.)
x 1994 Kemper et al. (Australia; heavy metals, organochlorines; 129-135, 137.)
x 1994 Marsh & Lefebvre (status & conservation; 156, 160-165.)
x 1994 Marsh et al. (Shark Bay, Australia; distr. & abundance; 149-161.)
1994 Nateekanjanalarp & Sudara (Thailand; conservation)
x 1994 Payne & Francis (Borneo; gen. acc.; 291, pl. 43.)
x 1994 Ponte et al. (Queensland; traditional hunting rights; 260-261.)
x 1994 Ross, A. (Queensland; traditional hunting rights; m22-24.)
x 1994 Stuart & Stuart ("D. dugong"; Africa; distr. & status; 97.)
1994 Takamura & Sakai (in capt., Toba, Japan; pop. acc.; 10-13.)
1994 Uerpmann & Uerpmann (Bahrain; archaeological site)
1994 Van den Driesch, A. (United Arab Emirates; archaeological site)
1994 Uchida, S. (Japan)
x 1995 Anderson & Barclay (Australia; acoustic signals; 1226-1237.)
x 1995b Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; scarring & photoidentification; 205-211.)
x 1995 De Iongh, Wenno & Meelis (Ambon, Indonesia; seagrasses & grazing; 1-19.)
x 1995 De Iongh, Wenno et al. (Lease Islands, Indonesia; aerial survey; 759-761.)
x 1995 Heinsohn, G.E. (Australia; gen. acc.; 666-670.)
x 1995 Hellyer, P. (United Arab Emirates; 32.)
x 1995 Hoch, E. (United Arab Emirates; archaeological site; 249-251, 254-255.)
x 1995 Kalk, M. (Mozambique; 329-330.)
1995 Karre, B.D. (Torres Strait)
* 1995 Kataoka et al. (Philippines)
x 1995 Kettembeil, S. ("D. dugong"; threats to survival; pop. acc.; 29.)
x 1995 Lanyon & Marsh (digesta passage times; 119-127.)
x 1995 Marsh et al. (Palau; status; 85-89.)
x 1995 Preen & Marsh (Hervey Bay, Queensland; response to seagrass die-off; 507-519.)
x 1995a Preen, A.R. (Moreton Bay, Australia; feeding on invertebrates; 163-171.)
x 1995 Smith et al. (Vietnam; 147-148, 161, 163-164, 166, 170.)
1995 Stephan, E. (United Arab Emirates; archaeological site)
1995 Domning, D.P. (evolution; possible dispersal from Atlantic; dental morphology & possible neoteny; feeding ecology & deep diving)
1996 Slater & Stokes (Shoalwater Bay, Queensland, Australia; management plan)
1996 De Iongh, H.H. (Aru, Indonesia)
1996 De Iongh et al. (Indonesia; in capt.; food preferences)
1996 Lee Long et al. (northeastern Australia; feeding at depths of at least 23 m)
x 1996 Anderson, I. (Queensland; voluntary hunting moratorium by Aborigines; 5.)
x 1996 Blaszkiewitz & Reinhard ("D. dugong"; in capt., Surabaya; 878-881.)
x 1996 Krogh & Reid (New South Wales; mortality in shark nets; 221-223.)
x 1996 Lavergne et al. (mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequence; 245-258.)
x v 1996 Lockett, J. (cultivation grazing; pop. acc.; 20-21.)
1996 Marsh et al. (southern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia; status; 1-80.)
1996 Reinhard, R. (in capt., Jakarta, Surabaya; 23-24.)
x 1996 Reynolds & Rommel (gastrointestinal tract, comp. w/ TML; 553-556.)
x 1996 Supanwanid, C. (Thailand; 315.)
x 1996 Tan, B. (China; gen. acc.; 82, 85-86.)
x 1996 Tikel et al. (mtDNA sequences; recovery of DNA from feces; 456-457.)
1996 Vincent, T. (Red Sea; 179-183.)
x 1996 Yu, M.-J. (Taiwan; m122.)
1996 Roberts et al. (North Queensland; monitoring Aboriginal hunting)
1996 Marsh, H. (Queensland; sustainable use)
1996 Das, H.S. (Andaman & Nicobar islands)
1996 Wamukoya et al. (Kenya; aerial survey)
1997 Smith et al. (Vietnam)
1997 Dutton, T.P. (Africa)
x 1997 Anderson, P.K. (Shark Bay, Australia; lekking; 433-462.)
x 1997 Bajpai & Domning (comp. w/ Bharatisiren kachchhensis; 221, 224-227.)
1997 Baldwin & Cockcroft (Arabian Gulf; status)
x 1997 Beasley & Jefferson (Borneo; distr.; 194, 202, 204, pl. 34.)
x 1997 Capasso, L. ("D. dugong"; hyperostosis; 616-617, 619.)
x 1997 De Iongh et al. (Indonesia; behavior; 71-77.)
x 1997b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Crenatosiren olseni; 397-398, 401, 403-404, 409-411.)
x 1997 Edmonds et al. (Western Australia; elemental composition of tusk; 203-214.)
1997 Hill et al. (Cryptosporidium infection; 670-671.)
1997 Kataoka, T. (pop. acc.)
x 1997 Marsh et al. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; ecology, status, values, human impacts, management; 124-138.)
x 1997 Marsh, H. (Australia; population biology & conservation; gen. acc.; 50-57.)
x 1997 Marsh, Harris & Lawler (Torres Strait; sustainability of fishery; 1375-1386.)
x 1997 Ozawa et al. (mtDNA sequence & tethythere phylogeny; 406-413.)
x 1997 Peterken & Conacher (Australia; effects of grazing on Zostera capricorni; 333-340.)
x 1997 Preen et al. (Western Australia; distr. & abundance; 185-208.)
1997 Wakai, Y. (in capt., Toba; sexual behavior)
x 1997 Whiting, S.D. (Fog Bay, Northern Territory, Australia; 16-26.)
1997 Zhang et al. (China)
1997 Wamukoya et al. (Kenya; aerial survey)
1998 Bryden et al.
1998 Belcher, A. A. (Vanuatu; butting people)
x 1998 Goodwin et al. (caudal vertebrae comp. w/ ?prorastomid; m814.)
x 1998 Heaney, L.R. (Philippines; distr. & status; 53.)
x 1998 Liu, Z. (China; distr. & status; 208-210.)
x 1998 Marsh et al. (Queensland; fragment size of stomach contents, comp. w/ TML & TMM; 250-255.)
x v 1998 Mukerjee, M. (Andaman Is.; pop. acc.; 20-21.)
x 1998 Preen, A.R. (Indian Ocean coast, Australia; conservation; 173-181. Arabian Gulf; at least 14 killed in 1991 Gulf War oil spill; m176.)
1998 Haynes et al. (Great Barrier Reef; protection areas)
v 1999 Valentine & Heck (seagrass herbivory; review)
1999 Marsh et al. (Australia; conservation strategy)
1999 Mukai et al. (Thailand; effects of grazing; carrying capacity)
1999 Tager, J. (Australia)
x v 1999 Abdullah, M.K. (in capt., Malaysia; release policy; 8.)
x 1999 Ambrose, P. (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia; conservation; m235-236.)
x 1999 Das & Dey (Andaman & Nicobar Is.; 195-198.)
x 1999 Louette, M. (Mayotte, Comoro Is.; 58.)
1999 Marsh & Giffney (Biol. & conservation)
x 1999 Nakaoka & Aioi (Thailand; Halophila growth in feeding trails; 97-103.)
x 1999 Whiting, S.D. (Sahul Banks, Australia; 609-615.)
1999 Hope Vale Aboriginal Community (Hope Vale, Australia; hunting management plan)
1999 Perry & Dennison (microbial nutrient cycling in seagrass sediments)
1999 De Iongh, H.H. (Indonesia; marine reserves)
1999 Oliver & Berkelmans (Great Barrier Reef & Hervey Bay, Australia; research strategy)
1999 Rahman et al. (liver ferritin)
x 2000 Anon. (Australia; protection strengthened; 467.)
x 2000 Barnes, L.G. (Vanuatu; photo; 3.)
* 2000 Eros et al. (necropsy manual; v + 74.)
x 2000 Hinze & Palomo (pop. acc.; 8.)
x 2000 Maio & Picariello (skeleton & skull at Naples; 13-15.)
2000 Morgan et al. (Australia; Cryptosporidium parvum)
2001 Francis, C.M. (Southeast Asia)
2001 Jackson et al. (overfishing)
2001 Chua et al. (Singapore; in capt.)
2001 Schulman, M. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; conservation)
2001 Morton, B. (China)
2001 McLachlan et al. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; PCDDs)
2001 Adulyanukosal et al. (Thailand; stomach contents)
2001 Simpfendorfer et al. (Western Australia; remains found in tiger shark stomachs)
x 2001 Masini et al. (Shark Bay, Australia; impact of grazing on Halodule; 179-197.)
x 2001 Taylor, G. (Shark Bay, Australia; shark attack; 34-41.)
2001 Preen, A.R. (Queensland; boat-traffic management)
2001 Marsh & Lawler (southern Great Barrier Reef & Hervey Bay, Australia)
2001 Marsh et al. (Queensland; mortality in shark nets)
2002 Lawler et al. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; state of knowledge)
2002 Keijl & Van der Have (DD)
2002 Tisdell, C.A. (Australia; conservation)
2002 Wakai et al. (in capt.; urinary progesterone and estradiol 17β)
2002 Corneli, P.S. (mitochondrial genome; Afrotheria not supported)
x 2002 Spoor et al. (curvature of semicircular canals; 163-164.)
2002a Whiting, S.D. (Northern Territory, Australia; dive times)
2002b Whiting, S.D. (Northern Territory, Australia; foraging on algae)
2002 Jousse et al. (Akab Island, United Arab Emirates; archaeological site)
2002 Lanyon et al. (Moreton Bay, Australia; mark-recapture program)
x 2002 Kumaran, P. (India; review & critique of past studies; m1210-1220.)
2002 Moutou, F. (some Indian Ocean records; m50.)
2002 Nakaoka et al. (Thailand; impact of foraging on benthic animal communities)
2002 Schaffelke et al. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia; water quality)
2002 Senthil-Kumar et al. (Thailand; dioxins/furans & PCBs)
2002 Carruthers et al. (NE Australia; seagrass habitats)
* 2002 Marsh et al. (status reports & action plans)
2002 Marsh & Lawler (northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia)
2003 Zhou et al. (Beibu Gulf, China)
2003 McNiven & Feldman (Torres Strait, Australia; hunting magic)
2003 Marshall et al. (orofacial morphology & feeding)
2003 Clementz et al. (calcium isotope values)
2003 Marsh, Penrose & Eros (conservation)
x v 2003 Clementz et al. (carbon & oxygen stable isotopes; 509.)
x 2003 Eldredge, L.G. (Guam; 657.)
2003 Lanyon, J.M. (Moreton Bay, Australia; aerial surveys, 1995; 397-409.)
x 2003 Sadler, R. (Okinawa; threat from airbase construction; 24.)
2003 Kumar et al. (Thailand; dioxins/furans & PCBs)
2003 Rouja et al. (NW Australia; indigenous hunting & use of fat)
2003 Singh, H.S. (Gulf of Kutch, India)
2003 André & Lawler (near infrared spectroscopic analysis of diet)
2003 Kuriandewa et al. (in capt.; Indonesia; 180.)
2003 Ochieng & Erftemeijer (Kenya & Tanzania; 83.)
2004 Allen et al. (DD; New South Wales)
2004 Badrudeen et al. (India)
2004a Goto et al. (in capt.; effects of age, body size, & season on food consumption & digestion)
2004 Haworth et al. (Botany Bay, Australia; subfossil)
2004 Marsh et al. (Torres Strait, Australia; fishery unsustainable)
2004 Yamamuro et al. (Kyushu, Japan; stable isotopes of tissues and gut contents)
2004 Heinsohn, R., et al. (Torres Strait & Cape York, Australia; population viability analyses)
2004 Gales et al. (Western Australia; migration)
2004 D'Anastasio, R. (hyperostosis of ribs)
2004 Chilvers et al. (diving behavior)
2004 Trainito, E. (pop. acc.)
2004b Goto et al. (fermentation & digestibility of fiber)
2005 Perrin et al. (eds.) (Southeast Asia; conservation)
2005 Andre et al. (Torres Strait, Australia; diet comp. w/ green turtles)
2005 Yamamuro & Chirapart (Thailand; Halophila ovalis)
x 2005 Anonymous (Tanzania; conservation; 492.)
2005 Kwan, D. (Torres Strait, Australia; management of traditional fishery)
2005 Jiwa, H. (Indian Ocean)
2005 Lanyon, Smith & Carrick (Moreton Bay, Australia; reproductive steroids in feces)
2005 Lanyon, Johns & Sneath (Queensland; effects of temperature)
2005 Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (Victoria, Australia; subfossil)
2005 Chilvers et al. (Moreton Bay, Queensland)
2005 Fernandes et al. (Great Barrier Reef)
2005 Havemann et al. (Great Barrier Reef; traditional hunting agreements)
2005 Marsh et al. (population estimates)
2005 Mellors et al. (Great Barrier Reef; seagrass meadows; biogeochemical parameters)
2005a Hines et al. (Thailand)
2005b Hines et al. (Thailand; conservation)
2006 David et al. (Torres Strait, Australia; dugong bone mounds & rituals)
2006 Kwan et al. (Australia; hunting)
2006 Pollock et al. (aerial survey methods)
2006 Sheppard et al. (movement heterogeneity)
2006a Lanyon & Sanson (degenerate dentition & tooth wear)
x 2006 Pledge, N.S. (comp. w/ "Dugonginae incertae sedis", Early Plioc., South Australia; 297-303.)
2006 Lanyon, Newgrain & Alli (in capt., Indonesia; water turnover rate)
2006 Lanyon, Slade et al. (rodeo method of open-water capture)
2006 Aragones et al. (grazing optimization)
2006 Ichikawa et al. (vocalizations)
2006 Rajamani et al. (Sabah, Malaysia; indigenous use and trade)
2006 Tsutsumi et al. (feeding; passive acoustical monitoring)
2006 Maitland et al. (Burrum Heads, Queensland, Australia; risk of boat strike)
2006 Holley et al. (Shark Bay, Australia)
2006b Lanyon & Sanson (mastication)
2007 Wang et al. (Hainan Province, China; status)
2007 Crouch et al. (Torres Strait; dugong bone mounds)
2007 Grech & Marsh (Australia; conservation; population model)
* 2007 Eros et al. (necropsy manual)
2007 Anon.?
2007 Broderick et al. (microsatellite loci)
2007 Shirakihara et al. (southern Japan; distribution & conservation)
2007 Ilangakoon & Tun (Myanmar; conservation)
x 2007 Ewan & Ewan (DD; reproduction of earliest illustrations of skull; 1038.)
2007 Fertl & Fulling (interactions with turtles)
2007 Kiszka et al. (Mayotte)
2007 Kiszka & Muir (eastern Africa; gen. acc.)
2007 Harino et al. (Thailand; organotin compounds)
2007 Hodgson & Marsh (response to boat traffic)
2007 Sheppard et al. (seagrass habitat)
2007 Adulyanukosol et al. (Thailand; variation in reproductive behavior)
2007b Wirsing et al. (predation by tiger sharks)
2007 Hodgson et al. (Australia; use of acoustic alarms to prevent accidental netting)
2007 Hobbs et al. (Cocos (Keeling) Islands)
2007 Kiszka, J.J. (Mayotte, Comoro Islands; associations with dolphins)
2007a Wirsing et al. (foraging tactics & shark avoidance)
2007c Wirsing et al. (foraging tactics & shark avoidance)
2008 Wirsing et al. (Shark Bay, Australia; foraging tactics & shark avoidance)
2008 Garrigue et al. (New Caledonia)
2008 Daley et al. (Queensland, Australia; history of commercial fishery)
2008 Diedrich, C.G. (Red Sea)
2008 McHale et al. (PCR assay for sex assignment)
2008 Jayasankar et al. (India; PCR-based sex determination)
2008 Hines et al. (Cambodia & Vietnam; conservation)
2008 Ilangakoon et al. (Gulf of Mannar, India & Sri Lanka)
2008 Grech & Marsh (risk assessment)
2008 Hermanussen et al. (Queensland, Australia; PBDEs)
2008 Marsh, H. (Great Barrier Reef, Australia)
2008 Marsh & Kwan (Torres Strait; female reproductive biology & seagrass dieback)
2008 Sheppard et al. (Torres Strait, Australia; seagrass nutrients)
2008 Takahashi et al. (Moreton Bay, Australia; okadaic acid)
2008 Tsukinowa et al. (in capt., Toba, Japan; fecal microbiota)
2008 Dobbs et al. (protected area, Great Barrier Reef, Australia)
2008 Grech et al. (bycatch assessment)
2008 Asher & Lehmann (dental eruption)
2008 Whiting, S.D. (Northern Territory, Australia)
2008 McNiven & Bedingfield (Torres Strait; archaeological sites; hunting rates)
2009 D'Souza & Patankar (Andaman Islands, India)
2009 Méry et al. (Akab, United Arab Emirates; Neolithic ritual site)
x 2009 Dulvy et al. (anthropogenic depletion; m137.)
x 2009 Meredith et al. (enamelin gene not degenerate; 3.)
2009 Lanyon et al. (visual & molecular sex recognition)
2009 Muschett et al. (mtDNA primer)
2009 Sheppard et al. (Australia; habitat use)
2010 Diedrich, C.G. (comp. w/ placodontids)
* 2010 Pandey, C. N.; Tatu, K. S.; Anand, Y. A. (India; status)
2010 Hunter, Broderick et al. (microsatellite primers)
2010 Rajamani & Marsh (Malaysia; aerial surveys & conservation)
2010 Lanyon et al. (Queensland, Australia; molecular characterization of populations; skin sampling)
2010 Aragones et al. (Philippines; strandings, 1998-2009)
2010 Buden & Haglelgam (Micronesia)
2010 Lanyon et al. (Australia; capture for health assessment)
2010 Sheppard et al. (Hervey Bay, Queensland, Australia; habitat use & food choice)
* 2010 Sarko et al. (body size estimation)
2011 D'Souza & Patankar (Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India; conservation)
2011 Findlay et al. (Mozambique)
2011 Gaul et al. (Queensland, Australia; organobromine compounds)
2011 Wirsing & Ripple (responses to tiger sharks)
2011 Wirsing et al. (feeding and diving mode in presence of tiger sharks)
2011 Hagihara et al. (analysis of shallow-dive recordings)
2011 Ichikawa et al. (response to calls)
2011 Hodgson, A.J. (Saudi Arabia)
2011 Adulyanukosol et al. (Thailand; morphology and organ weight)
2011 Ferreira et al. (forensic genetics)
2011 Gillespie et al. (small intestinal volvulus)
2012 Vivekanandan & Jeyabaskaran (India)
2012 Hoson et al. (fusion sequence of cranial sutures)
2012 Owen et al. (Queensland, Australia; postmortem findings)
2012 Aquino et al. (Philippines; Red List status; 144-150.)
2012 Burgess et al. (fecal progesterone metabolite concentrations)
2012 Raghunathan et al. (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
2012 Burgess et al. (male maturation & seasonal reproductive patterns)
* 2012 Ikeda & Mukai (Japan; distribution, status, & conservation)
* 2012 Preen et al. (Arabia; distribution, status, & conservation)
2012 Dobbs et al. (Australia; distribution, status, & conservation)
2012 Lanyon et al. (blood chemistry; no evidence of capture myopathy)
2012 Buchholtz et al. (differentiation of cervical vertebrae)
2012 Eigeland et al. (hindgut microbial communities)
2012 Hamylton et al. (Aldabra Atoll)
* 2012a Hines, E. (Asia; distribution, status, & conservation)
2013 Sivakumar, K. (India; conservation)
2013 Burgess et al. (in capt.; reproductive hormone monitoring)
2013 Nielsen et al. (Queensland, Australia; bacteria)
2013 Pusineri et al. (Mayotte)
2013 Hodgson et al. (Australia; use of drones in aerial surveys)
2013 Nelson et al. (gut bacterial community)
2013 McNiven, I. (Australia; Torres Strait; middens)
2013 Parsons et al. (Shark Bay, Australia; vocalizations)
2013 Maire et al. (detection from drones)
2013 Benoit et al. (endocranial morphology)
2013 Fuentes et al. (Torres Strait; capture for tagging by harpoon and dermal holdfast)
2013 Dumont et al. (vertebral centra architecture)
2013 Rajamani, L. (Sulu Sea, Malaysia; community knowledge & conservation)
2013 Yapa & Ratnavira (Sri Lanka)
2013 D'Souza et al. (Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago; occupancy trends)
2014 Blair et al. (Australia; Pleist. sea level & phylogeography)
2014 Hagihara et al. (Australia; aerial surveys; correction factors for surfacing times)
x 2015 Malakar et al. (Andaman Islands, India; 7176-7179.)
x 2015 Cole, B. (Red Sea, Egypt; gen. acc.; 2-4.)
x 2015 Amson et al. (rib histology comp. w/ Crenatosiren & Thalassocnus; 1, 3.)
2015 Houssaye et al. (osteosclerosis)
2015 Nontji, A. (Indonesia; "dugong princess" legends)
* 2015 Springer et al. (molecular & morphological phylogeny)
2016 Canoville et al. (rib microanatomy; 709-710, 718-720, 728.)
2017 Cleguer et al. (New Caledonia; abundance)
2017 Hashim, M. et al. (Johor Straits, Malaysia; conservation)
2017 Mizuno et al. (Philippines; feeding trails)
2017 Nganvongpanit et al. (Thailand; identification of tusks by X-ray fluorescence)
2017 Tanaka et al. (Thailand; vocalisation patterns)
2017 Pilcher et al. (survey questionnaire)
2017 Al-Abdulrazzak & Pauly (Persian/Arabian Gulf; historical baselines)
2017 Nganvongpanit et al. (Andaman Sea & Gulf of Thailand; skeleton; age & sex determination)
2017 Gaudry et al. (UCP1-mediated thermogenesis)
2017 Moore et al. (Indonesia; conservation, economic use, folklore)
2017 Tol et al. (dispersing seagrass seeds)
2018 Cullen-Unsworth et al. (DD; local ecological knowledge confirming presence)
2018 Syafutra et al. (Bangka Island, Indonesia)
2018 Wong et al. (Australia; polyclonal anti-dugong immunoglobulin G antibody)
2018 Marshall et al. (Qatar; aggregations)
2018 Angelo, G. C. (Timor-Leste)
2019 Nurdin et al. (Indonesia; nutritional value of seagrass species)
2019 Tubbs et al. (DD; Cambodia)
2019 Nasr et al. (Red Sea; status)
2019 Plön et al. (Indian Ocean; phylogeography)
2019 Wong et al. (Queensland, Australia; Toxoplasma gondii & Neospora caninum)
2019 Hutson et al. (trematode Cardicola dhangali n.sp.)
2020 Idris et al. (Bintan Island, Indonesia)
2020 Infantes et al. (Thailand; reproductive behavior; use of drones)
2020 Petcharat & Lee (Thailand; nonuse value)
2020 Satyaningtijas et al. (Indonesia; blood cell counts & parasites)
2020 Yamato et al. (automatic detection of feeding sounds)
2020 Nganvongpanit et al. (pelvis; morphometric analysis)
2020 Cherdsukjai et al. (Thailand; age determination by telomere length, body length & weight)
2020 Singh, L. A. K. (Maharashtra, India)
2020 Smoll et al. (osmoregulation & electrolyte balance)
2021 Budiarsa et al. (foraging behavior; influence of climatic drivers and anthropogenic disturbance)
2021 Forth, G. (Flores Island, East Indies; myths & superstitions; economic uses)
2021 Poommouang et al. (Thailand; genetic diversity)
2021 Tanaka et al. (classification of calls)
2021 Nowicki et al. (Shark Bay, Australia; tiger sharks; effects of apex predator removal and extreme climatic events)
2021 Lanyon et al. (Australia; body scarring by tusks)
* 2022 Pyenson et al. (cf. DD; Pleistocene, Qatar)
2022 Ng et al. (Johor & Singapore Straits; community ecology; conservation)
2022 Derville et al. (New Caledonia; habitat use; satellite tracking)
2022 Le Duc et al. (genetics, comp. w/ HG)
2022 Lin et al. (considered functionally extinct in China)
x v * n.d. Bible, The (possible use of hide by Hebrews.)
Dugong dugon australis (Retzius, 1794) Kleinschmidt, 1982 ( 1 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. ("D. d. australe"; new rank; distr., 372, 380, 382; tail shape, 408.)
Dugong dugon dugon (Müller, 1776) Kleinschmidt, 1982 ( 1 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (new rank; distr., 372, 380, 382; tail shape, 408.)
Dugong dugon hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1828) Kleinschmidt, 1982 ( 1 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (new rank; distr.; 372, 380, 382.)
Dugong dugon tabernaculi (Rüppell, 1834) Gohar, 1957 ( 8 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1957 Gohar, H.A.F. ("D. dugong tabernaculi", n.comb. & rank; anatomy, distr., feeding behavior, & parasites; 3-49, pls. 1-3.)
x 1959 Jones, S. (discussion of validity; 201.)
x 1961 Silas, E.G. (size; m264.)
1963 Bertram, G.C.L.
x 1974 James, P.S.B.R. (not seen to differ from Indian dugong; 183-184.)
x 1976 Ilani, G. ("D. d. tabernacule"; Gulf of Aqaba; 161.)
x 1976 Paz & Ilani ("D. d. tabernacule"; Red Sea; 73-74.)
x 1988 Fouda, M.M. (Red Sea; 503.)
Dugong hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1828) [author of combination not identified] ( 4 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x 1925 Mertens, R. (syn. of Halicore tabernaculi; m30.)
1931 Beaux, O. de
x 1982 Domning, Rice et al. (syn. of D. dugon; m305.)
x 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (pelvis; 392.)
Dugong indicus (Boddaert, 1785) Lacépède, 1799 ( 3 )
(= Dugong dugon)
* 1799 Lacépède, B.G.E. de (n.sp.)
x 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (syn. of D. dugon; 382.)
x 2000 Maio & Picariello ("D. indica"; syn. of Dugong dugon; m14.)
Dugong Lacépède, 1799 ( 50 )
* 1799 Lacépède, B.G.E.
1801 Lacépède, B.G.E.
x 1811 Illiger, C. (syn. of Halicore; xvii, 140.)
x 1815 Rafinesque, C.S. (syn. of Odobenus; 60.)
1864 Dana, J.D.
x 1895 Palmer, T.S. (priority over Halicore; 450.)
x 1899 Palmer, T.S. (priority over Halicore; m494.)
x 1924a Petit, G. (etymology & nomenclatural suitability of name; 124.)
x 1930a Simpson, G.G. (pop. acc.; 41-47.)
x 1932a Simpson, G.G. (comp. w/ other sirs.; 423-424, 431-432, 435-436, 442, 453-455, 458-460, 462-463, 468, 482-490, 492, 495-499.)
x 1941b Heuvelmans, B. (dentition comp. w/ Trichechus; m9.)
x * 1941c Heuvelmans, B. (dentition; 1-14.)
x 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 154-155.)
x 1943 Heuvelmans, B. (evolution of dentition; 4-11.)
x 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 135.)
x 1951 Reinhart, R.H. (m208, 210.)
x 1965 Kilmer, F.H. (comp. w/ Halianassa allisoni & other sirs.; 60-63, 65.)
x * 1965 Robineau, D. (ear ossicles; comp. w/ HG; 421-424.)
x 1966 Kellogg, R. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium; m71.)
1966c Shikama, T.
x * 1966 Thomas, D. (India; natural history, hunting; 80-82.)
x 1968b Bertram & Bertram (gen. acc.; 423-426.)
x 1968a Kaiser, H.E. (morphology of occiput; 478.)
x 1968 Rice & Scheffer (distr.; 5.)
x 1977b Domning, D.P. (specialization for bottom-feeding; 353.)
x 1978b Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ N. Pacific sirs.; 2, 4-5, 7, 10, 12, 29-30, 37, 40, 51, 98, 100, 114, 116-120, 122-123, 125, 127, 130, 146.)
x 1978 Satsangi & Trivedy (comp. w/ Olig. Halitherium from India; 571, 575.)
x 1979 Cave, A.J.E. (pterygoid hamulus; 530-531.)
x 1979 Tassy, P. (comp. w/ Moeritherium; 86.)
1980 Hasegawa, Y. (Ryukyu Islands)
x 1980 Inuzuka et al. (supposed occurrence in Middle Mioc., Japan; 639-641.)
x 1981 Strahan, R. (Malay and Latin names; 33.)
x 1982b Domning, D.P. (diet & evolution; 610, 613-614, 616.)
x 1982 Domning, Morgan & Ray (comp. w/ Protosiren, 40; rostral deflection & diet, 62.)
x 1985 Muizon & Domning (comp. w/ indeterminate Peruvian sir.; 207-209.)
x 1987 Bajpai et al. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium kachchhense; 21-23.)
x 1987 Domning & Thomas (possible sexual dimorphism in ischium; 219.)
x 1988 Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium floridanum; 409, 414-415.)
x 1988 Nojima, T. (bony falx cerebri; 315, 320.)
x 1989d Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Xenosiren yucateca; 435.)
x 1989 Maluf, N.S.R. (kidney comp. w/ TM; 282.)
x 1991 Frey, R. (skeleton & locomotor muscles; 278-282.)
x 1992 Pledge, N. (?Dugong; Early Plioc., South Australia; 6.)
1993 Springer & Kirsch
x D 1997 Pauls, E.B. (tooth microwear; comp. w/ Desmostylus; 69A.)
x 2000 Domning, D.P. (locomotor & diving adaptations; 117-118.)
x 2011 Gomes R. et al. (tooth replacement; m3-4.)
2011 Diedrich, C. G. (placodont reptiles comp. w/ Halitherium & Dugong: macroalgae diets?)
2013 O'Leary et al. (In phylogeny of other placental orders; in supplemental material.)
x 2014-15 Winsor, M.P. (in imaginary dialogue between Strickland and Darwin on affinity; m75-76, m125, m181, m183.)
Dugongidae Gray, 1821 ( 20 )
(family)
x * 1821 Gray, J.E. (n.fam.; in classification; 309.)
x 1895 Palmer, T.S. (name recognized in place of Halicoridae; 450.)
x 1932c Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 281.)
x 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 154, pl. 6.)
x 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 135.)
x 1967 Browder, J. (m5.)
x 1968 Rice & Scheffer (in classification; 5.)
x 2004 Aguilera & De Aguilera (indet. dugongids; early Mioc., Venezuela; shark predation; 376-378.)
x 2004 Missimer & Tobias. (cf. Dugongidae; Late Plioc., Florida; m62.)
2004 Aguilera & Rodrigues (indeterminate dugongids; Mioc., Venezuela; shark predation)
2006 Astibia et al. (indeterminate dugongids; Middle Eoc., Spain)
x 2009 Peters et al. (Late Eoc., Wadi Al-Hitan, Egypt; taphonomy & preservation; 294, 296-7, 299-301.)
2010 Uhen et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Early Mioc., Panama)
2011 Bianucci et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Olig. & Mioc.; Malta)
2011 Boschele et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Late Eoc., Early Olig., Italy)
2014 Gingerich & Cappetta (lower Middle Eoc., Togo)
2016 Gagnaison et al. (?dugongid; early Middle Eocene, Spain)
* 2019 Samonds et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Mioc., Madagascar)
2019 Gol'din et al. (Dugongidae indet.; early Olig., Ukraine)
2019 Orihuela et al. (Dugongidae incertae sedis; Early Mioc., Cuba; brain endocasts)
Dugongidus dugong (Gmelin, 1788) Gray, 1821 ( 1 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1821 Gray, J.E. (implied n.comb.; 309.)
Dugongidus Gray, 1821 ( 1 )
(= Dugong)
x * 1821 Gray, J.E. (n.gen.; in classification; 309.)
Dugonginae (Gray, 1821) Simpson, 1932 ( 6 )
(subfamily)
x * 1932a Simpson, G.G. (new rank; in classification; 424.)
x 1941 Kretzoi, M. (in classification; 154.)
x 1945 Simpson, G.G. (in classification; 135.)
* 1994b Domning, D.P. (extended to include Rytiodontinae)
x 1999 Renz, M. (undescribed dugongine; Florida; 63.)
x 2006 Pledge, N.S. ("Dugonginae incertae sedis"; Early Plioc., South Australia; 295-305.)
Dugungus indicus (Boddaert, 1785) Tiedemann, 1808 ( 2 )
(= Dugong dugon)
x * 1808 Tiedemann, F. (n.comb.; 554.)
1833 Hamilton, R.
Dugungus Tiedemann, 1808 ( 5 )
(= Dugong)
x * 1808 Tiedemann, F. (n.gen.; 554.)
x 1811 Illiger, C. (syn. of Halicore; m140.)
x 1872a Gill, T. (syn. of Halicore; m92.)
x 1932a Simpson, G.G. (m423.)
x 1978c Domning, D.P. (syn. of Dugong; m578.)
Dusisiren dewana Takahashi, Domning, and Saito, 1986 ( 14 )
x v 1977b Domning, D.P. ("DD"; phyletic position; 354, 358, 360-361.)
x v 1978b Domning, D.P. ("D. Species D"; Plioc., California; 13, 72, 97, 100, 102-104, 109, 129, 144, 146, 157-158.)
x v 1979 Takahashi et al. ("Dusisiren n.sp."; Late Mioc., Japan; 228.)
v 1981 Takahashi, S.
x v * 1983 Takahashi et al. (Late Mioc., Yamagata, Japan; report on excavation; 1-76.)
x * 1986 Takahashi et al. (n.sp.; Late Mioc., Yamagata, Japan; 296-321, pls. 53-62.)
x 1987a Domning, D.P. (pop. acc.; 66-71.)
x 1988 Estes & Steinberg (evolution & feeding on kelp; 22.)
x 1989a Domning, D.P. (evolution & feeding on kelp; 53-55.)
v 1989 Ijiri & Inuzuka
1998 Kobayashi & Nagasawa (thoracic skeleton)
2005 Furusawa, H.
2013 Furusawa, H. (Dusisiren, Hydrodamalis; climatic cooling, size increase, loss of teeth)
2014 Boessenecker et al. (Purisima Fm.; Late Mioc., California; m4.)
Dusisiren Domning, 1978 ( 4 )
x * 1978b Domning, D.P. (n.gen.; 2-4, 7, 11-75, 98, 101-110, 113-114, 116-132, 140-146, 148-158, 161.)
x 1982 Domning, Morgan & Ray (m62.)
x 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (m378-379.)
x 1984 Muizon, C. de (m171.)
Dusisiren jordani (Kellogg, 1925) Domning, 1978 ( 18 )
x * 1978b Domning, D.P. (n.comb.; Mioc., California; redescription; 7, 9, 13-74, 76, 80-90, 100-104, 106-108, 114, 116-132, 140, 143-144, 150-157, pls. 1-15.)
x 1980 Inuzuka et al. (m640.)
x 1982 Aizu Fossil Research Group ("Dusisiren cf. jordani"; Late Mioc., Japan; 282-284, pl. 1.)
x 1982 Barnes, L.G. (pop. acc.; 20.)
x 1983 Takahashi et al. (comp. w/ D. dewana; 13, 15-16.)
x 1984 Domning & Deméré (comp. w/ Hydrodamalis cuestae; 169, 176, 179-180, 183, 186.)
x 1985 Muizon & Domning (comp. w/ Metaxytherium calvertense; 204, 211.)
x 1986 Takahashi et al. (comp. w/ D. dewana; 296-298, 300-311, 315-318.)
x 1987 Bajpai et al. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium kachchhense; 22-23.)
x 1987 Domning & Thomas (comp. w/ Metaxytherium serresii; 216, 222.)
x 1987a Domning, D.P. (pop. acc.; 66-71.)
x 1988 Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium floridanum; 401, 406, 408-409, 413-415, 418.)
x 1988 Estes & Steinberg (m21-22.)
x 1993 Deméré, T.A. (comp. w/ indet. sir. from California; m84.)
2003 Clementz et al. (calcium isotope values)
2005 Furusawa, H.
x 2006 Pledge, N.S. (comp. w/ "Dugonginae incertae sedis"; Early Plioc., South Australia; 296, 298-299.)
2013 Furusawa, H. (Dusisiren, Hydrodamalis; climatic cooling, size increase, loss of teeth)
Dusisiren reinharti Domning, 1978 ( 12 )
x v 1972a Domning, D.P. ("Metaxytherium n. sp."; distr.; 147, 149.)
x v 1977b Domning, D.P. ("DR"; phyletic position & role in North Pacific paleoecology; 353-354, 356, 358, 360.)
x * 1978b Domning, D.P. (n.gen.n.sp.; Mioc., Baja California; 7, 13-19, 23, 29, 32-33, 36, 42, 61, 67, 73-74, 83, 101-104, 108, 116-117, 120, 143-144, 148-149, pls. 5, 15.)
x 1980 Haley, D. (pop. acc.; 7.)
x 1980 Inuzuka et al. (m640.)
x 1983 Takahashi et al. (m13.)
x 1985 Muizon & Domning (comp. w/ Metaxytherium calvertense; 204, 210-211.)
x 1987 Bajpai et al. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium kachchhense; 22-23.)
x 1988 Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Metaxytherium floridanum; 409.)
x 1989c Domning, D.P. (comp. w/ Dioplotherium manigaulti; m423.)
2005 Furusawa, H.
2013 Furusawa, H. (Dusisiren, Hydrodamalis; climatic cooling, size increase, loss of teeth)
Dusisiren takasatensis Kobayashi, Horikawa, and Miyazaki, 1995 ( 3 )
* 1995 Kobayashi et al. (n.sp.; Late Mioc., Japan)
2005 Furusawa, H.
2013 Furusawa, H. (Dusisiren, Hydrodamalis; climatic cooling, size increase, loss of teeth)
Dystomus Fischer von Waldheim, 1813 ( 1 )
(= Hydrodamalis)
* 1813-14 Fischer v. Waldheim, G. (n.gen.; 1: m15, m19.)

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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