Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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G

Genetics ( 77 )
(SEE ALSO: Phylogeny and Affinities)
x 1970 Loughman et al. (TI; karyotype; 151-152, pl. 49.)
x 1976 White et al. (TML; karyotype; 413, 416-417.)
1977 White et al. (TML; karyotype)
x 1984 Short, R.V. (DD; chromosomes; 383-384.)
x 1988 Assis et al. (TI; karyotype; 41-50.)
x 1988 McClenaghan & O'Shea (TML; genetic variability; 481-488.)
x 1993 Bradley et al. (TML; cytochrome b DNA sequence; 197-202.)
1993 Springer & Kirsch
x 1994 Barry et al. (TML; keratan sulfate domain of aggrecan gene; 323-328.)
1994 Irwin & Arnason (DD; mtDNA sequence)
1996 Cashman et al. (TML; cDNA encoding interleukin 2; 89-98.)
x 1996 Lavergne et al. (DD, TM; mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequence; 245-258.)
x 1996 Tikel et al. (DD, TML; mtDNA sequences; DNA recovered from feces; 456-457.)
* 1998 Garcia-R. et al. (TM; phylogeography)
1998 Moore et al. (NCAM)
x 1999 Galis, F. (Trichechus; reduced number of cervical vertebrae ?related to Hox genes; 23.)
2000 Garcia-R. et al. (TML; microsatellite DNA markers)
2001 O'Brien et al.
2001 Greenwood et al.
2001 O'Brien et al. (genome sequencing)
2002 Parr & Duffield (mitochondrial DNA variation)
2002 Malia et al.
2002 Corneli, P.S. (DD; mitochondrial genome; Afrotheria not supported)
2002 Gray et al. (TML; cytogenetic ideogram)
2002 Bradley & Reynolds (TML; interleukin 2)
2003 Joger et al. (genetics, comp. w/ Mammuthus)
2003 Nikaido et al.
2005 Cantanhede et al. (TI; phylogeography & population genetics)
2006 Shapiro et al. (Trichechus; pelvic reduction; genetic origins)
2006 Vianna et al. (Trichechus spp.; phylogeography & hybridization)
2007 Pardini et al. (chromosome painting; support for Paenungulata but not Tethytheria)
2007 Broderick et al. (DD; microsatellite loci)
2007 Pause et al. (TML; polymorphic microsatellite DNA markers)
2007 Carney et al. (TML; genetic sampling)
2007 Kellogg et al. (TML; chromosome painting supports Afrotheria & Paenungulata)
2008 Tringali et al. (TML; sex identification)
2008 McHale et al. (DD, TM; PCR assay for sex assignment)
2008 Jayasankar et al. (DD; India; PCR-based sex determination)
2008 Tringali et al. (TML; polymorphic microsatellite markers)
2009 Opazo et al. (beta/delta-Globin gene of paenungulate mammals)
x 2009 Meredith et al. (DD; enamelin gene not degenerate; 3.)
2009 Lanyon et al. (DD, TML; visual & molecular sex recognition)
2009 Muschett et al. (TM; Panama; fecal sampling for DNA analysis)
2010 Hunter, Broderick et al. (DD, TML; microsatellite primers)
2010 Poulakakis & Stamatakis (Afrotheria; genes & rare genomic changes)
2010 Lanyon et al. (DD; Queensland, Australia; molecular characterization of populations; skin sampling)
* 2010 Hunter, Auil et al. (TMM; Belize; genetic diversity)
2011 Varela-L. et al. (cervical vertebrae, homeotic mutations)
2011 Ferreira et al. (Dugong, Trichechus; forensic genetics)
2011 Nourisson et al. (TMM; Mexico; genetic diversity)
2012 Bonde et al. (TM; population biology; conservation)
2012 Luna et al. (TMM; northeast Brazil; phylogeography; release)
x 2012 Beck & Clark (Discusses genetic analysis as a means of individual identification; 137.)
2012 Satizabal et al. (TI, TMM; South America; phylogeography)
2012 Rosa de Oliveira et al. (South America; conservation, population biology, phylogeography)
2012 Svartman & Stanyon (chromosomes of Afrotheria)
2012 Hunter et al. (TML, TMM; genetic distinction)
2012 Buchholtz et al. (differentiation of cervical vertebrae & muscularization of diaphragm)
2012 Tucker et al. (TML; Florida; low genetic diversity; population structure; conservation)
* 2012 Parr et al. (Sir. genetics & demography)
* 2014 Crerar et al. (HG; St. Lawrence Is., Alaska; DNA)
* 2015 Springer et al. (molecular & morphological phylogeny)
* 2016 Barros et al. (Trichechus spp.; cranial & chromosomal geographic variation)
2017 Breaux et al. (TML; immunoglobulin)
2017 Diaz-Ferguson et al. (TMM; Panama)
2018 Gomez et al. (TMM; Mexico)
2018 Hunter et al. (TI, TML, TMM, TS; environmental DNA)
* 2019 Plön et al. (DD, Indian Ocean; mtDNA phylogeography; HG, skin sample)
* 2019 Sharko et al. (HG; molecular phylogeny; mitochondrial genome)
* 2019 Lima et al. (TI x TM hybridization)
* 2019 Vilaça et al. (TI x TM hybridization; French Guiana)
* 2019 Vilaça & Santos (TML, comp. w/other Trichechus; mitochondrial genome)
2020 Cherdsukjai et al. (DD; Thailand; age determination by telomere length, body length & weight)
2021 Poommouang et al. (DD; Thailand; genetic diversity)
* 2021 Souza et al. (Trichechidae; mitogenomes; evolutionary history)
* 2021 Sharko et al. (HG; nuclear genome)
* 2021 Luna et al. (TMM, TI; Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela; population biology)
Geographic Information Systems: SEE Conservation ( 0 )
Georgia ( 30 )
(U.S.A.)
1884 Flower & Garson (Eoc. sir.)
x * 1956 Tomkins, I.R. (TML; 288-289.)
x 1958 Tomkins, I.R. (TML; 154.)
x 1962 Vickers, E.D. (indeterminate sirs.; Grady & Decatur Counties; Mioc.; 28-29.)
x 1966 Kellogg, R. (supposed sir. tusk [actually sperm whale tooth]; ?Mioc.; 78.)
x 1969 Voorhies, M.R. (supposed sir. [actually entelodont]; Eoc.; 93-94.)
x 1970 Pickering, S.M., Jr. ("Eosiren sp.?"; Eoc.; m20.)
1973 Voorhies, M.R.
x * 1974a Hartman, D.S. (TML; 54-61.)
x 1974 Voorhies, M.R. (indeterminate sir. ribs; Mioc., Statenville Local Fauna; 228.)
x 1975 Frey et al. (indet. sir.; Mioc. or Pleist.; Turtle River; 281-282, pl. 3.)
x 1978 Irvine & Campbell (TML; aerial sightings; 615.)
1979 Hardisky, M.
x 1982 Domning, Morgan & Ray (Eoc. sirs.; 4, 6, 11-12.)
x * 1982 Rathbun et al. (TML; 153-154, 157-164.)
x 1985 Ralph et al. (TML; m55.)
1988 Marine Mammal Commission (TML; habitat protection needs)
x * 1988a O'Shea, T.J. (TML; 185, 187-188, 197-199.)
x 1989 Baugh et al. (TML; Cumberland Sound; feeding on Spartina; 88-90.)
x 1989b Domning, D.P. (Metaxytherium; Mioc., Suwannee R.; 58-59.)
x 1989 Morgan, G.S. (Metaxytherium; Mioc., Suwannee R.; 50.)
x 1989 Palmer, D. (TML; construction of artificial warm-water refugium; 7.)
x 1989 Reid & O'Shea (TML; satellite tracking; 221, 227, 230.)
1991 Zoodsma et al. (TML)
1991 Zoodsma et al. (TML)
* 1991 Zoodsma, B.J. (TML; distr. & behavioral ecology)
x 1993 Turner & Buckingham (TML; Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base; accidental mortality & manatee protection plan; 1, 10-11.)
x 1996 Boice, L.P. (TM; Kings Bay; protective efforts by U.S. Navy; 3-4.)
x 1998 Hulbert & Pratt (Metaxytherium; Chatham Co.; m415.)
2010 Anderson et al. (indeterminate sir.; Late Eoc.)
Germany ( 48 )
x * 1834b Kaup & Scholl (Pugmeodon Schinzii, n.gen.n.sp. [nomen nudum]; Olig., Flonheim; 16.)
x 1835 Jäger, G.F.v. (indeterminate sir.; Mioc., Baltringen; 3-4, pl. 9.)
x * 1838a Kaup, J.J. (Halytherium, n.gen.; Pugmeodon Schinzii, n.gen.n.sp.; Olig.; 319.)
x 1839b Meyer, H.v. (Halianassa Studeri; Lörrach; 77.)
1850 Jäger, G.F.v.
x 1861 Van Beneden, P.J. (Halitherium; Darmstadt; 481.)
* 1882 Lepsius, G.R. (Halitherium schinzii)
1923 Berry, E.W. (Mainz Basin)
1957 Hunger & Magalowski
x 1962 Schäfer, W. (Halitherium schinzi; Olig.; 53-56.)
1962 Wilhelm, W. (Halitherium schinzi; Olig.; 51-53.)
1962 Pietsch, K. (Middle Olig.)
* 1965 Siegfried, P. (Anomotherium langewieschei, n.gen.n.sp.; Late Olig., Westfalen)
1972 Schwenzer, J. (Mainz Basin)
1973 Eisvogl, G. (Mainz Basin)
1973 Koehn, C.
1978 Schäfer, W. (Halitherium)
x * 1980 Tobien, H. (Halitherium schinzii; occurrences in Mainz Basin; 207-209.)
1982 Fischer & Krumbiegel (Halitherium schinzii: Leipzig area)
x 1982 Fischer, K. (Halitherium schinzii; Middle Olig., Leipzig; 151-153.)
x 1983 Müller, A. (Halitherium schinzii; "Middle" Olig., Leipzig Bight; 71-72, pl. 27.)
x 1986a Pilleri, G. (sir. premolar; Mioc., Baltringen; 18, 22, pl. 5.)
x * 1986 Rothausen, K. (Halitherium schinzii, Anomotherium langewieschei; 520-521, 528-529, 545.)
x 1987 Kraus, M. (TMM; in capt., Nuremberg; birth of twins; m33.)
x 1987 Mühling, P. (TMM; in capt., Nuremberg; birth of twins; 18-19.)
1987 Strehlow, H. (TMM; in capt., Berlin)
1988 Krüger, F.J. (Anomotherium langewieschei; Late Olig., Doberg)
1991 Freess, W.B. (Halitherium schinzii; Olig.)
1992 Heizmann, E.P.J. (Halitherium; Olig.)
1992 Schindler & Schindler (Halitherium schinzii; Olig.)
1995a Blaszkiewitz, B. (TMM; in capt., Berlin)
1995b Blaszkiewitz, B. (TMM; in capt., Berlin)
x 1995 Fichter, J. (Halitherium sp,; Late Olig., Hessen; 154.)
1995 Nickel, B. (?Halitherium; Olig.; Schauenburg-Hoof)
x 1996 Blaszkiewitz, B. (TMM; in capt., Berlin & elsewhere; history, 1884-1995; 22-23.)
1999 Fichter, J. (Halitherium ?schinzii; Olig., Schauenburg-Hoof)
x 1999 Darga et al. (indeterminate sir.; Late Olig., Bavaria; 104-105.)
x 2001 Sach & Heizmann (Metaxytherium cf. medium; Early Mioc., Ulm region; 11, 15, 23, 42-43, 52, 72, pl. 7.)
x 2001 Böhme, M. (Halitherium; Early Olig., Leipzig Bight; 76-79.)
2008 Diedrich, C.G. (Anomotherium langewieschei, Halitherium schinzii, Olig.)
2008 Voss, M. (Halitherium; Rhine area; Lower Olig.)
x 2010 Micklich & Hildebrandt (Halitherium schinzii; Early Olig., Baden-Württemberg; 3, 13, 18, 19.)
2011 Voss, M. (Halitherium schinzii; Early Olig., Münsterland)
2012 Schöggl & Micklich (Halitherium schinzii; early Olig., Baden-Württemberg)
2013a Diedrich, C.G. (Protosiren cf. fraasi; Middle Eoc., Fürstenau, Germany; shark predation; paleobiogeography)
2013b Diedrich, C.G. (Halitherium; Olig.; shark predation)
2014 Voss, M.
* 2021 Domning, D.P. (Mainz Basin; Halitherium, Kaupitherium, Pugmeodon; nomenclature)
Greenland ( 6 )
x * 1780 Fabricius, O. ("Trichechus manatus"; skull; 6.)
x 1809a Cuvier, G. (HG; based on Fabricius; 299.)
x 1825a Harlan, R. (HG; based on Fabricius; m281.)
x 1828 Fleming, J. ("Manatus borealis"; based on Fabricius; 29.)
x 1840 Baer, K.E.v. (HG; based on Fabricius; 64.)
x 1978b Domning, D.P. (specimen of Fabricius probably TM; 138-139.)
Growth Rates ( 19 )
x 1924-25 Vosseler, J. (TI; in capt., Hamburg; 124, 168-172.)
x 1967a Jones, S. (DD; in capt., India; 218.)
x 1972 Heinsohn, G.E. (DD; Queensland; 208-211.)
x 1979 Tas'an et al. (DD; in capt., Jakarta; body size & tail shape; 9-13.)
x 1980 Dekker, D. (TMM; in capt., Amsterdam; 26.)
x 1980 Marsh, H. (DD; Australia; calculated growth curves; 189-190, 198.)
x 1981 Best, R.C. (TI; in capt., Manaus; 0.8 kg/week on milk diet; 21.)
x 1981 Cardeilhac et al. (TML; in capt., St. Augustine, Florida; on milk diet; 143.)
x 1981 Kataoka & Asano (DD; in capt., Toba, Japan; 202.)
x * 1981 Odell, D.K. (TML; in capt., Miami; 131-140.)
x 1981 Zeiller, W. (TML; in capt., Miami; 106.)
x 1982 Best, Ribeiro et al. (TI; in capt., Manaus; on artificial formulas; 266.)
x 1984 White, Francis-Floyd & Waterstrat (TML; in capt.; 30-34.)
x 1985 Mühling, P. (TMM; in capt., Nuremberg; 12, 14.)
1988a Qiu Y.-X. (TM; in capt., Beijing; 36-37.)
x 1990 O'Shea & Reep (wild TML; Florida; brain & body size; 535-541.)
1992 Grubel da Silva, Soavinski et al. (TMM; in capt., Brazil)
2009 Schwarz & Runge (TM; age estimation; body length; Bayesian analysis)
* 2010a Vergara-P. et al. (TI; Brazil; growth rates)
Guatemala ( 9 )
(SEE ALSO: Central America)
1722 SEE Ximénez, F., 1967.
x 1883 Stoll, O. (TMM; Lake Izabal; m346.)
1887 Brigham, W.T. (TMM)
1932-33 Fuentes y Guzm n, F.A. de (TMM, 17th century)
x 1947 Marden, L. (TMM; 546, 552, 558.)
1980 Janson, T. (TMM)
x 1989 Lefebvre et al. (TMM; distr., status, & biogeography; 581-582, 606.)
2014 Jimenez-D. & Olivera-G. (TMM; Usumacinta River; habitat characteristics)
2019 Machuca-C. & Corona-F. (TMM; conservation)
Guyana ( 50 )
(formerly British Guiana)
1596 Raleigh, W.
1698 Grillet & Bechamel
x 1769a Bancroft, E. (TMM; gen. acc.; 186-187.)
x 1769b Bancroft, E. (TMM; gen. acc.; 112-113.)
x 1807 Bolingbroke, H. (TMM; gen. acc.; 234.)
x 1848 Schomburgk, R. (TMM, ?TI; distr. & in capt.; 786.)
* 1866 Duff, R.
x 1875 Anon. (TMM from Demerara; in capt., London; 295.)
x 1876 Chapman, H.C. (TMM from Demerara; in capt., London; 459.)
x 1880 Murie, J. (TMM; in capt.; 21.)
1884 Ernst, A. (TMM; specimens of hide exhibited)
x 1889 Anon. (TMM from Demerara; in capt., London; 527-528.)
x 1898 Kirke, H. (TMM; 134-135.)
1907 Heilprin, A.
x 1912 Rodway, J. (TMM; superstition; 84.)
1915 Roth, W.E.
1916 Board Agric. Br. Guiana
1919 Beebe, W. (TMM; 226.)
x 1920 Beebe, W. (TMM; in capt., Georgetown; 730-732.)
1921 Anthony, H.E.
x 1937 Turner, J.P. (TMM; photo; 498.)
1941 Roth, V.
* 1942 Berkel, A.v. (TMM; earliest [17th century] account?)
1957 Burton, M. (TMM; photo)
x 1960 Allsopp, W.H.L. (TMM; weed control; 762.)
x 1960a Anon. (TMM; weed control; 58.)
1960 McTurk, W.H.
1961 Roth, V.
x 1962 Bertram & Bertram (TMM; weed control; 1329.)
x 1963 Bertram & Bertram (TMM; status, distr., & econ. use; 90-93.)
* 1963 Bertram, G.C.L. (TMM; gen. acc.)
x * 1964a Bertram & Bertram (TMM; behavior & ecology; 115-120.)
1964 Norwood, V.G.C.
1968 Hanif & Poonai
x * 1969 Allsopp, W.H.L. (TMM; weed control experiments; 344-350.)
x * 1973a Anon. (TMM; weed control; workshop report; 4-5, 17-19.)
x 1973 Bertram & Bertram (TMM; distr. & status; 320-321.)
* 1974c Anon. (workshop report on Manatee Research Centre)
x 1974 Bertram, G.C.L. (proposed Manatee Research Centre; 12-13, 19.)
x 1974 Sanger, C. (TMM; weed control; captive breeding; 23.)
x 1974a Spurgeon, D. (TMM; weed control; 238-239.)
x 1974b Spurgeon, D. (TMM; weed control; 10-11.)
x 1974b Vietmeyer, N.D. (TMM; weed control; 60-64.)
x 1977 Bertram & Bertram (history & status of INCEREMAN project; 106-108.)
x 1977 Van Bree & Duguy (TMM; 292.)
1987 Bertram, G.C.L. (TMM)
x 1989 Lefebvre et al. (TMM; distr., status, & biogeography; 586, 608.)
x * 1991 Haigh, M.D. (TMM; weed control; 339-349.)
x 1995 Jagan, J. (TMM; children's story; 59-62.)
2021 Luna et al. (TMM; genetics, population biology)

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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