Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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L

Legends: SEE Mermaid Legend; Religious, Superstitious, or Ornamental Use or Observance ( 0 )
Legislation, Protective: SEE Conservation ( 0 )
Lentiarenium cristolii Voss, 2016 ( 1 )
* 2016 Voss et al. (n.comb.)
Lentiarenium Voss, 2016 ( 1 )
* 2016 Voss et al. (n.gen.)
Libysiren Domning et al., 2017 ( 1 )
* 2017 Domning et al. (n.gen., middle Eoc., Libya)
Libysiren sickenbergi Domning et al., 2017 ( 1 )
* 2017 Domning et al. (n.sp., middle Eoc., Libya)
Locomotion ( 90 )
(SEE ALSO: Respiration and Diving)
x * 1878 Brown, A.E. (TMM; on land; experiment; 295-296.)
x 1881 Crane, A. (Trichechus; in capt.; 457-460.)
x * 1881 Flower, W.H. (sirs.; on land; 453-456.)
1887 Noack, T. (TS; on land)
1887 Shufeldt, R.W. (TMM; Mexico; partly out of water)
x * 1899 Steller, G.W. (HG; 188-189, 197-198.)
x 1904 Freund, L. (anatomical modifications; 383-384, 395.)
x * 1906b Dexler & Freund (DD, breathing & swimming, 50-52, 66-67, feeding trails, 56-57, 67; Trichechus, 67-68; HG, m68.)
x 1924e Petit, G. (Trichechus; on land; m295.)
x 1924-25 Vosseler, J. (TI; in capt.; swimming & head movements, 222-224; on land, 225.)
1924 Vialleton, L. (use of limbs)
x 1925 Troxell, E.L. (chevron bones; m613.)
x 1928 Prater, S.H. (DD; 95-96.)
x 1935 Allen, G.M. (DD; on land; 81.)
x 1938 Devillers, C. (TI; in capt.; 87-88.)
x 1939 Coates, C.W. (emaciated TI; in capt.; floating & swimming; 141, 144-145, 147.)
x 1948 Bessac & Villiers (TS; crossing earthen dams during migration; 188.)
x 1951b Moore, J.C. (TML; facing current, 30; resting posture, 30-31.)
x 1955 MacMillan, L. (DD; Australia; swimming, 18-19; on land, 18.)
x 1956 Moore, J.C. (TML; calf, 17; adult, 20-23.)
x 1957 Cadenat, J. (TS; Senegal; on land; 1369.)
x 1957 Moore, J.C. (TML; calf, & on land; 138.)
x 1959 Jones, S. (DD; in capt.; use of flippers; 201.)
x * 1961 Jonklaas, R. (DD; 3.)
x 1961 Silas, E.G. (DD; in capt., India; use of flippers; 264-265.)
x * 1964a Bertram & Bertram (Trichechus; swimming, 116-117; on land, 117.)
x 1964 Moore, J.C. (TML; 7-8.)
x * 1965 Lluch B., D. (TMM; Mexico; on land; 417.)
x 1966 Jarman, P.J. (DD; Kenya; 84.)
x 1966 Kinzer, J. (TS; swimming & on land; 50.)
x 1967 Aung, S.H. (DD; in capt.; swimming; 221.)
x 1967a Jones, S. (DD; in capt.; on land; 219.)
x * 1967 Kenny, R. (DD; breathing & swimming; 372-373.)
x 1967 Oke, V.R. (DD; in capt.; swimming; 220-221.)
x 1968 Charnock-Wilson, J. (TMM; 293; on land, 294.)
x 1969 Hartman, D.S. (TML; swimming; speed "about 20 mph"; 349-350.)
x 1969 Herald, E.S. (Trichechus; in capt.; swimming backward; 29-30.)
1969 Tweedie, M.
x 1972 Boorer, M.K. (TM; in capt.; swimming clockwise; m165.)
x 1974b Dekker, D. (TMM; Suriname; swimming with "head & shoulders above water"; 2.)
x 1976 Heinsohn, Spain & Anderson (DD; Australia; traveling at surface; calves with ?mothers; 22-23.)
x 1976 Reynolds, J.E., III (TML; "body-surfing"; 211.)
x 1976 Tas'an (DD; use of flippers on bottom; 5.)
x 1977a Domning, D.P. (DD; swimming & forelimb muscles; 28-31.)
x 1977b Domning, D.P. (evolution, in North Pacific sirs.; 353-361.)
x 1978 Anderson & Birtles (DD; Queensland; facing current, 13; flippers not used on bottom, 19-20.)
x 1978a Domning, D.P. (TI; forelimb muscles; 69-71.)
x 1978b Domning, D.P. (hydrodamalines; 121-129, 131, 141-142.)
x 1978 Marsh et al. (DD; swimming speed; 164.)
x * 1979 Anderson, P.K. (DD; "cocking" flukes for acceleration, 114-115; use of flippers in braking, 114; head movements, 115, 122; rostral disc compressed laterally when swimming, 116; swimming, 120-124; ?hydrodynamic assistance to calves, 130.)
x * 1979 Hartman, D.S. (TML; Florida; swimming against currents, 39-40; swimming & use of flippers, 64-72, 75-76.)
x 1981b Anderson, P.K. (DD; swimming speed, 94-95; calves swimming above mothers' backs, 101-103.)
x 1981 Marsh et al. (DD; swimming speed 10-12 knots; 259.)
x 1981a Reynolds, J.E., III (TML; Florida; feeding more than half out of water, 237, 240; climbing barriers, 235-236, 238-239.)
1982b Anderson, P.K. (DD; Australia; tail stroke rate, turning, swimming in wave surges; 92.)
x 1982 Barnett & Johns (DD; Queensland; swimming; 522.)
x 1982 Kleinschmidt, A. (evolution of sir. locomotion; 370-377.)
D * 1984b Inuzuka, N. (desmostylians reconstructed as "herpetiform" mammals)
D 1985 Halstead, L.B.
D 1985 Inuzuka, N.
x 1985 Mühling, P. (TMM; in capt., Nuremberg; newborn swimming only with flippers; 15.)
x 1985 Rowlatt & Marsh (DD, TM; comparative heart morphology & swimming stamina; 104.)
1986 Sokolov, Pershin et al. (TM)
x 1989a Marsh, H. (DD; Australia; rolling across mudflats; 79.)
x D 1990 Repenning & Packard (Paleoparadoxia; California; 201-203.)
x * 1991 Domning & de Buffrénil (swimming & hydrostasis; 332-334, 359.)
x * 1991 Frey, R. (testicondy & locomotion; 277-283, 316, 319.)
1993 Fish, F.E. (hydrodynamics & energetics)
x 1994a Frey, R. (copulation & relative penis length; 137, 152-153.)
1994b Frey, R.
x 1994 Tschada, P. (TMM; in capt., Nuremberg; adult & newborn; 33, 46.)
D 1995 Inuzuka, N. (Desmostylus)
x 1995 Schuhmann, H.-J. (TS; Guinea-Bissau; estimated maximum swimming speed greater than 30 km/hr.; 404.)
D 1997 Inuzuka, N. (Desmostylus; inferred footprint & trackway)
x 1997 Anderson, P.K. (DD; Shark Bay, Australia; swimming, bottom-walking; 442-446.)
x 2000 Domning, D.P. (Eoc. sirs.; locomotor & diving adaptations; 115-119.)
2000 Iwaniuk & Whishaw (forelimb movements)
D * 2000 Yamazaki & Ikeuchi (Desmostylus; robotic simulation; 167-172.)
D * 2000 Yamazaki & Umeda (Desmostylus; computer simulation; 159-165.)
x D 2001d Domning, D.P. (desmostylian tibia; 23-24.)
D * 2002b Domning, D.P. (terrestrial posture of desmostylians)
x 2004 Uhen, M.D. (TM, comp. w/ Dorudon; 147-152.)
D 2005 Gingerich, P.D. (Desmostylus hesperus; swimming mode)
2006 Kobayashi & Tazaki (Hydrodamalinae; evolution of spinal movement)
D 2007 Hasegawa, Y. (studies of desmostylian evolution & locomotion)
* 2007 Kojeszewski & Fish (TML; swimming kinematics)
2009 Houssaye, A. (review of "pachyostosis")
D 2009 Fujiwara, S. (Ashoroa, Desmostylus hesperus, Paleoparadoxia repenningi, P. tabatai; olecranon orientation, elbow joint angle, & forelimb posture)
D 2013 Hayashi et al. (desmostylians; bone histology & aquatic adaptation)
2013 Kikuchi et al. (TI; in capt., Brazil; acceleration data loggers)
Lophiodolodus Stirton, 1947 ( 3 )
(Mammalia incertae sedis)
x 1956 McKenna, M.C. (possibly a sir.; m739.)
x 1980 McKenna, M.C. (possibly a sir.; m49, m66.)
x 1982b Domning, D.P. (probably not a sir.; 600.)
Louisiana ( 13 )
x 1884b True, F.W. (TM; m114.)
x * 1941a Gunter, G. (TML; 60-61.)
x 1941b Gunter, G. (TML; 13.)
x 1943 Lowery, G.H., Jr. (TML; 253-254.)
1974 Lowery, G.H., Jr. (TM)
x 1975d Anon. (TM; near Lake Pontchartrain; 20.)
x 1982b Domning, D.P. (Trichechus sp.; Late Pleist., Jefferson Davis Par.; 605.)
x 1984 Powell & Rathbun (TM; 2, 6-7.)
x 1988a O'Shea, T.J. (TM; 187, 199.)
x 1990 Rathbun et al. (TM; 30.)
x 1996 Schiro et al. (TM; 28-29.)
* 2005 Fertl et al. (TM)
2011 Campagna et al. (TM; Gulf of Mexico; oil spill)
Lymphatic System: SEE Circulatory System ( 0 )

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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