Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  


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O

Oligocene ( 87 )
x 1884 Gaudry, A. (Halitherium Chouqueti, n.sp.; Paris Basin, France; 372-375.)
x 1886b Hartlaub, C. (Manatherium delheidi, n.gen.n.sp.; Belgium; 369-370.)
x 1889 Lefèvre, T. (fossil sirs.; Belgium; 197-200.)
x 1892 Lydekker, R. (Prorastoma veronense; [actually Eoc.] Italy; 77-78.)
x 1914 Rabell Cabrero, N. (indeterminate sir.; Puerto Rico; 66-69.)
x D 1917 Kermode, F. ("Desmostylus" [actually Cornwallius]; Vancouver Is., British Columbia; 42-43.)
x D 1922 Cornwall, I.E. ("Desmostylus" [actually Cornwallius]; British Columbia; 121-123.)
x D 1922 Hannibal, H. (Desmostylus; California & Oregon; 238-240.)
x 1922a Hay, O.P. (Metaxytherium floridanum, n.sp.; [actually Mioc.] Florida; 3.)
x 1925 Abel, O. (Halitherium Uytterhoeveni, n.sp.; Belgium; 39.)
x 1932 Müllerried, F.K.G. (indeterminate sir.; [actually Eoc.?] Chiapas, Mexico; 71-73.)
x D 1935 LaMotte, R.S. ("Desmostylus" sookensis; British Columbia; associated flora; 51-52.)
x 1936 Trelles-Duelo, L. (indeterminate sir.; Cuba; 269-270.)
x 1937 Venzo, S. (Halitherium bellunense; Late Olig., Italy; 7, 13, 196.)
x D 1941b VanderHoof, V.L. (Cornwallius; Baja California; 1985.)
x D 1942a VanderHoof, V.L. (Cornwallius sookensis; Baja California; 298-301.)
x 1948 Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (indeterminate sirs.; Libyan Desert, Egypt; m15.)
x 1953 Maldonado-Koerdell, M. (indeterminate sir.; [actually Eoc.?] Chiapas, Mexico; 146-148.)
x 1956 McKenna, M.C. (Lophiodolodus; Colombia; considered ?sir.; m739.)
1957 Hunger & Magalowski
x 1959 Malde, H.E. (indeterminate sir.; South Carolina; 19, 21.)
* 1959 Spillmann, F. (Halitherium; Austria)
x 1962 Schäfer, W. (Halitherium schinzii; Mainz Basin, Germany; 53-56.)
x 1962 Wilhelm, W. (Halitherium schinzii; Mainz Basin, Germany; 51-53.)
1962 Pietsch, K. (Germany)
x D 1964 Nolan, T.B. (Desmostylus; mA137.)
x 1965 Arata & Jackson (indeterminate sirs.; Mississippi; 175-177.)
x 1970 Chavanon & Saubade (Halitherium; France; 261-262.)
x 1972 Sittler, C. (Halitherium schinzii; France; 113.)
1973 Mastrorilli, V.I. (Italy)
x * 1973 Spillmann, F. (Halitherium spp.; Austria; 197-209.)
1974 May, J.H. (indeterminate sir.; Mississippi)
1975 Rabeder, G. (Austria)
x D 1976 Phillips et al. (Desmostylus, Paleoparadoxia; Late Olig. [actually Early Mioc.?], Point Arena, California; 137, 152.)
x 1977 Tewari et al. ("Metaxytherium sp."; Late Olig., India; 45A-49A.)
x 1978 Satsangi & Trivedy (Halitherium sp.; Late Olig., India; 571-576.)
x 1980 Sanders, A.E. (cf. Halitherium, cf. Metaxytherium; Late Olig., South Carolina; 612.)
x 1980 Tobien, H. (Halitherium schinzii; Mainz Basin, Germany; stratigraphic occurrences; 207-209.)
1982 Zammit-Maempel, G. (indet. sirs.; Early Olig., Malta)
1982 Dockery, D.T., III (indeterminate sir.; Mississippi)
x 1982 Fischer, K. (Halitherium schinzii; Leipzig, Germany; 151-153.)
x 1983 Müller, A. (Halitherium schinzii; "Middle" Olig., Leipzig Bight, Germany; 71-72, pl. 27.)
* 1984 Okazaki, Y. (Dugongid(?) caudal vertebrae from the Late Oligocene Honjo Formation, Ashiya Group, Fukuoka, Japan.)
x D 1986 Applegate, S.P. (Cornwallius sookensis; Late Olig., Baja California; 157-158.)
x D 1986 Domning et al. (Behemotops, n.gen.; Washington & Oregon; 1-12, 23, 26.)
x 1986 Fleagle et al. (indeterminate sir.; Egypt; 8-9.)
x * 1986 Rothausen, K. (Germany; Halitherium schinzii, Anomotherium langewieschei; 520-521, 528-529, 545.)
1988 Krüger, F.J. (Anomotherium langewieschei; Late Olig., Doberg, Germany)
x D 1988 Saito et al. (Behemotops sp.; Late Olig., Hokkaido, Japan; 269-273.)
x * 1990 MacPhee & Wyss (Puerto Rico; localities; 21, 27-36.)
1991 Freess, W.B. (Halitherium schinzii; Germany)
x 1992 Gingerich, P.D. (Fayum, Egypt; stratigraphy, age, & paleoenvironments of sirs.; 67, 77.)
D 1994 Ray et al. (Behemotops proteus; Washington)
x 1995 Fichter, J. (Halitherium sp,; Late Olig., Germany; 154.)
x 1995 MacPhee & Iturralde-V. (indet. sir.; Early Olig., Puerto Rico; 15-16.)
x 1997b Domning, D.P. (Crenatosiren olseni; Late Oligocene, southeastern U.S.; 397-412.)
x D 1997c Domning, D.P. (Olig.-Mioc. boundary; biostratigraphic utility of sirs. & desmostylians; 178-179.)
x 1998 Lucas et al. (Kazakstan; Early Olig.; 320, 325-326, 346.)
1999 Fichter, J. (Halitherium ?schinzii; Schauenburg-Hoof, Germany)
x 1999 Darga et al. (indeterminate sir.; Late Olig., Bavaria, Germany; 104-105.)
1999d Domning, D.P. (Caribbean region; review; 29.)
x 2001 Böhme, M. (Halitherium; Early Olig., Leipzig Bight, Germany; 76-79.)
2005 Cahuzac & Audouin (Halitherium schinzii; France; paleoecology)
* 2006 Bajpai et al. (Kutch)
2008 Diedrich, C.G. (Anomotherium langewieschei, Halitherium schinzii; Germany)
x 2008 Rocher, P. (Rupelian, France; Halitherium schinzi; pl. 3.)
2008 Voss, M. (Halitherium; Germany; Lower Olig.)
D 2009 Jacobs et al. (desmostylians; Alaska)
D * 2009 Beatty, B.L. (Cornwallius sookensis; Late Olig., Oregon)
x 2010 Micklich & Hildebrandt (Halitherium schinzii; Early Olig., Germany; 3, 13, 18, 19.)
2010 Bizzarini & Reggiani (Halitherium schinzii; Olig., France; skull & dentition; reconstructed skeleton exhibited in Venice)
2011 Voss, M. (Halitherium schinzii; Early Olig., Münsterland, Germany)
2011 Bianucci et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Malta)
2011 Boschele et al. (Dugongidae indet.; Early Olig., Italy)
2012 Schöggl & Micklich (Halitherium schinzii; early Olig., Germany)
* 2013 Fanti & Forti (indet. sir.; Oligo-Miocene, Palawan, Philippines)
2013 Reiter & Mittermayr (Halitherium cristolii; Late Olig., Linz, Austria)
2014 Voss, M.
* 2014a Vélez-Juarbe & Domning (Metaxytherium albifontanum, n.sp.; Late Olig., Florida, South Carolina)
* 2014b Vélez-Juarbe & Domning (Priscosiren atlantica, n.gen.n.sp.; Early Olig., Puerto Rico & South Carolina)
* 2015 Vélez-Juarbe & Domning (Callistosiren boriquensis, n.gen.n.sp.; Late Olig., Puerto Rico)
D * 2015 Chiba et al. (Ounalashkastylus tomidai, n.gen.n.sp.; Olig.-Mioc., Alaska)
D * 2015 Beatty & Cockburn (Behemotops cf. proteus, Olig., Vancouver Is., British Columbia; Seuku, n.gen., Seuku emlongi, n.comb., Olig., Oregon)
x 2015 Coster et al. (indet. sir.; Early Olig., Sirt Basin, Libya; 50-52.)
2016 Voss et al. (Austria; Lentiarenium cristolii)
* 2019 Domning & Beatty (Stegosiren macei n.gen.n.sp.; South Carolina)
2019 Gol'din et al. (Dugongidae indet.; early Olig., Ukraine)
Ontocetus emmonsii Leidy, 1859 ( 1 )
(Odobenidae)
x 1875 Cope, E.D. (referred to Sirenia; 51.)
Ontogeny: SEE Embryology and Ontogeny ( 0 )
Oregon ( 13 )
x D 1902a Osborn, H.F. (Desmostylus; 714.)
x D 1911 Merriam, J.C. (Desmostylus; Mioc.; 406.)
D 1914 McCornack, E.C. (Desmostylus)
x D 1915 Hay, O.P. (Desmostylus hesperus; Mioc., Astoria; 381-383.)
x D * 1922 Hannibal, H. (Desmostylus cymatias, n.sp.; Mioc.; 239-240.)
D 1934 Packard & Kellogg
D 1937 VanderHoof, V.L.
x D 1950 Shotwell, J.A. (Desmostylus hesperus; Mioc., Astoria; 1541.)
x D 1963 Mitchell & Repenning (Desmostylus; 9-10.)
x 1986 Domning & Ray (halitheriine; Early Mioc.; 263-264.)
x D * 1986 Domning et al. (Behemotops emlongi, n.gen.n.sp.; Late Olig.; 1-4, 23, 26.)
D * 2009 Beatty, B.L. (Cornwallius sookensis; Late Olig.)
D * 2015 Beatty & Cockburn (Seuku, n.gen., Seuku emlongi, n.comb., Olig., Oregon)
Ornamental Use: SEE Religious, Superstitious, or Ornamental Use or Observance ( 0 )
Osmoregulation: SEE Salinity Tolerance ( 0 )
Osteology: SEE Skeleton ( 0 )
Ounalashkastylus Chiba et al., 2015 ( 1 )
D * 2015 Chiba et al. (n.gen.; Olig.-Mioc., Alaska)
Ounalashkastylus tomidai Chiba et al., 2015 ( 1 )
D * 2015 Chiba et al. (n.gen.n.sp.; Olig.-Mioc., Alaska)
Oxystomus Fischer von Waldheim, 1803 ( 6 )
(= Trichechus)
* 1803 Fischer v. Waldheim, G. (n.gen.)
x 1872a Gill, T. (syn. of Trichechus; m91.)
x 1925 ICZN (syn. of Trichechus; m38.)
x 1934 Hatt, R.T. (syn. of Trichechus; 534.)
x 1961 Cabrera, A. (syn. of Trichechus; m309.)
x 1978c Domning, D.P. (syn. of Trichechus; m578.)
Oxystomus manatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fischer von Waldheim, 1803 ( 2 )
(= Trichechus manatus)
* 1803 Fischer v. Waldheim, G. (n.comb.)
x 1934 Hatt, R.T. (syn. of Trichechus manatus; 534.)

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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